NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 39:
Prior to review of Idealist Philosophy, in the text below we skirt around the Fine-Tuned Universe series to add further questions about the Universe.
[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]
(Supposed) Future of an expanding Universe part II:
Planets fall or are flung from orbits by a close encounter with another star on some 1015 (Quadrillion) yrs. Over time, the orbits of planets will decay due to Gravitational Radiation. Otherwise, planets will be ejected from their local systems by Gravitational Perturbations caused by encounters with another stellar remnant.
Stellar remnants ultimately escape galaxies or fall into Black Holes by some 1019 to 1020 yrs. Over time, objects in a Galaxy exchange Kinetic Energy in a process of Dynamical Relaxation, making their velocity distribution approach the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. Dynamical Relaxation can proceed either by close encounters of 2 stars or by less violent but more frequent distant encounters. In the case of a close encounter, 2 Brown Dwarfs or stellar remnants will pass close to each other. When this happens, the trajectories of the objects involved in the close encounter change slightly. After a large number of such encounters, lighter objects tend to gain Kinetic Energy while the heavier objects lose Kinetic Energy. Because of srch Dynamical Relaxation, some objects will gain enough energy to reach Galactic escape velocity & depart the Galaxy. They leave behind a smaller, denser Galaxy. Since encounters are more frequent in the denser Galaxy, the process then accelerates. The end result is that most objects are ejected from the Galaxy, leaving a small fraction (a few %) which fall into the central supermassive Black Hole.
After some 1034 yrs, the later evolution of the &verse depends on the existence and rate of Proton Decay. If the Proton is unstable, it has a 1/2 -life of at least 1034 yrs. If any of the Grand Unified Theories (GUT’s) are correct, then there are theoretical reasons to believe that the half-life of the Proton is under 1041 yrs.
Neutrons bound into nuclei are also expected to decay with a 1/2 -life comparable to the Proton’s. In the event that the proton does not decay at all, stellar-mass objects would still disappear, but more slowly.
If the Proton half-life is approximately 1037 yrs, shorter or longer Proton half-lives will accelerate or decelerate the process. This means that after 1037 yrs, one-half of all Baryonic matter will have been converted into gamma ray Photons & Leptons through Proton decay.
Some review of Idealist Philosophy:
From Plato’s “ideals”, misapplication of the title for the philosophical school Idealism is sometimes begun there. Actually Idealism became began earlier with the Eleatic philosophers: Parmenides, Zeno, & Melissus. Later on, the Neo-platonists went well beyond Plato, again into Idealism, as with Plotinus, Porphyry, and so. Later, small contributions are made by Boethius & even René Descartes. But George Berkeley was the 1st true Idealist, seeing the World as Mind, (though he left “behind” a physical World made by God as a handy reference). The Eleatic philosophers & greatest Neo-platonists philosophers were actually beyond Idealism, being Enlightened Sages, embracing more Subjective Non-Duality.
Several German idealists like Fichte, Kant, & Hegel preceded a British school of Idealism culminating in Thomas Green, Bernard Bosanquet, John McTaggart & Francis Bradley. Twentieth-century philosophy in America begins with Idealism. At the turn of the 20th century, it was rising with Brand Blanshard & with Josiah Royce at Harvard.
Idealists were remarkable. They had never heard of Protons or Electrons, hardly even of Freud. Since they had come into Philosophy, not from Science, but from the Humanities, their scientific insight was lacking. Nor was their Logic very subtle. But whatever their technical deficiencies, these Idealists were wise men, learned men.
They knew how to state a case. They were perceptive, humane, & versatile. Philosophy for these Idealists was not an avocation or a specialty, but a way of life & the “breath” of life. It was a passionate pursuit of reasonableness in action & feeling as well as in thought.
The Idealism of the turn of the century was a fusion of two streams of thought. One of these, Subjective Idealism, took its rise in the ingenious mind of Bishop Berkeley & flowed down through David Hume & John Stuart Mill. The other, Objective Idealism, is as old as Plato & comes down through the Germany of Hegel, & the English Green & Bradley, to Josiah Royce in Harvard Yard. The first of these idealisms stands for the thesis, “All that is real is experience.” The second stands for the thesis, “All that is real is rational.” To see what American “Absolute Idealism” meant, we must see the meaning of both these theses. [to be continued]
The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:
or with Caps-sensitive:
Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:
http://www.blogger.com as “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:
[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]