NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 41:
Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we skirt around the Fine-Tuned Universe series to add further questions about the Universe.
[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]
Future of an expanding Universe part IV:
Assuming that Dark energy continues to make the Universe expand at an accelerating rate, at some 2 Trillion yrs. from now, all galaxies outside the Local Supercluster will be red-shifted to such an extent that even gamma rays they emit will have wavelengths longer than the size of the observable universe of the time. Therefore, these galaxies will no longer be detectable in any way.
By 100 Trillion yrs. from now, on a new Degenerate Era star formation will end, leaving all stellar objects in the form of degenerate remnants. This period, known as the Degenerate Era, will last until the degenerate remnants finally decay.
Star formation ceases:
It is estimated that in 100 Trillion yrs. or less, star formation will end, whereby the least massive stars take the longest to exhaust their Hydrogen fuel. Thus, the longest living stars in the universe are low-mass Red Dwarfs, with a mass of about 8 % Solar masses. They have a lifetime of order 10 trillion) yrs., the length of time over which star formation takes place.
Once star formation ends & the least massive Red Dwarfs exhaust their fuel, Nuclear Fusion will cease. The low-mass Red Dwarfs will cool & become White Dwarfs. The only objects remaining with more than planetary mass will be Brown Dwarfs, with mass less than 8 % solar masses, & degenerate remnants. White Dwarfs are produced by stars with initial masses between about 0.08 & 8 solar masses. Neutron Stars & Black Holes, are produced by stars with initial masses over 8 solar masses. Most of the mass of this collection, approximately 90%, will be in the form of White Dwarfs.
In the absence of any energy source, all of these formerly luminous bodies will cool & become faint. The Universe will become extremely dark after the last star burns out. Even so, there can still be occasional light in the Universe. One of the ways the Universe can be illuminated is if 2 Carbon-Oxygen White Dwarfs with a combined mass of more than the Chandrasekhar limit of about 1.4 solar masses happen to merge.
The resulting object will then undergo runaway thermonuclear fusion, producing a Type Ia supernova & dispelling the darkness of the Degenerate Era for a few weeks. If the combined mass is not above the Chandrasekhar limit, but is larger than the minimum mass to fuse Carbon (about 0.9 solar masses), a Carbon star could be produced, with a lifetime of around 1 Million yrs.
If 2 Helium White Dwarfs with a combined mass of at least 0.3 solar masses collide, a Helium star may be produced, with a lifetime of a few 100 Million yrs.
Finally, if Brown Dwarfs collide with each other, a Red Dwarf star may be produced which can survive for 10 Trillion years.
Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:
This Self is referred to by the Maharshi, Ribhu, & other sages as “I–I”. That true “I–I” is the “I” in the statement “I am the Absolute.” In the Realization of the significance of the Mahavakya (great aphorism) of the Upanishad: “I am Brahman.” Adi Shankara explains, the entire notion of “I” is removed, just like the idea “a man is here”, conceived when mis-perceiving a tree stump in the darkness, is completely removed upon illumination being brought. Brahman alone is, & Brahman alone is, & Brahman alone knows Brahman. When the “I” is removed, all of “mine” is also removed since that is completely dependent upon the delusion of “I”. The Ego is the root cause of delusion, illusion, bondage, & suffering. The Ego is the root of the Mind, the root of even the very idea of an existent Mind, & the root of all else. It is the 1st Illusion to be imagined & the last to disappear. The Ego is the cause, substance, & experiencer of all Illusion. Without the Ego, Illusion is impossible.
The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:
or with Caps-sensitive:
Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:
http://www.blogger.com as “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:
[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]