NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 87

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 87:

Ribhu Gita (Tamil) Ch 34:

(21)  Apart from the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman, there is not a trace of anything  not a trace, not a trace. It is only the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman that is all the endless multiplicity of Individuals, the Lord, and the World.  It is only the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman that is ever our Real Nature.  It is only the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman that is ever your natural Self.

(22) ‘The originless, undivided, Supreme Brahman is the nature of the Self.  It is the nature of the Self that is it is the nature of the differenceless Supreme Brahman.  The identity expressed without a difference is the undivided meaning made known by the great aphorisms [Mahavakyas] unanimously. hence, all seekers after Liberation should ever have the certitude, “I am Brahman”.

(24)  Of what avail is saying ot on so many ways ?  Hear the sentence that is the Supreme Truth expressed in briefAll the seeming illusory appearances are only the undistorted substratum Brahman, and not the least thing is apart therefrom.  Thus though a process of Negation one should realize fearlessly that it is the Supreme Brahman that exists ever, is ever One, and I too am That.

(25) The differentiation by the Intellect, that all this is separate and I indeed am separate and the Supreme Brahman is separate, can be uprooted only by the complete, steadfast, undivided certitude that all is the undivided, Supreme Brahman.  That indeed is myself and I am That.  The debilitating thought of differentiation cannot easily be removed by any religious or other act.

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The Mind which has obtained a burning Desire for Self-attention, which is Self-Inquiry, is said to be the fully mature one.

Since this Mind, which has very well understood that the Consciousness which shines as “I” alone is the Source of full & real Happiness, now seeks Self because of its natural craving for Happiness, this intense Desire to attend lo Self is indeed the highest form of Devotion.

In order to qualify as an aspirant, one must have the absolute conviction that Happiness, the sole aim of all living beings, can be obtained not from external objects but only from one’s own inmost Self. When one has this qualification, an intense yearning will arise in one’s heart to try to attend to & know Self. Indeed, for a true aspirant the desire & effort to know Self will become the most important part of his life, & all other things will be regarded as being only of 2ndary importance. When such an intense yearning arises in one, success is assured, for “where there is a will there is a way.”

Mature aspirants will willingly & without rebelling submit themselves to this magnetic power of the Grace of Self-effulgence. Others, on the other hand, will become extroverted (that is, will turn their attention outwards) fearing the attraction of this Power. Therefore, we should first make ourselves fit by the intense Love to know the Self & by the tremendous Detachment of having no desire to attend to any 2nd or 3rd person.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Positively with our own Body, vicariously through another’s, or through some recording apparatus, we arc present to witness the inferred events, no matter whether the inference be right or wrong.  Russell states:  “Matter has very definitely come down in the World as a result of recent Physics.  It used to be the cause of our Sensations:  Dr. Johnson “disproved” Berkeley’s denial [Idealism] by kicking a stone. If he had known that his foot never touched the stone, & that both were complicated systems of wave-motions, he might have been less satisfied with this refutation. We cannot say that “matter” is the cause of our Sensations.

This is merely to substitute one terminology for another.  The proper reply is that Johnson’s foot formed an integral part of the seemingly external World & as such was not different from the stone. And if the stone was mental, so was the Body. His mistake was in thinking of his Body as a thing apart.

Our notion of Matter coincides with the twin illusions that objects exist independently of their being perceived; & that these objects, whether solid, liquid or gaseous, consist of 3 dimensions.  In order to understand how the notion of a 3 – dimensional object arises, it is necessary first to understand how we form the Notion of extension in length & breadth. Extension, in length, in breadth, or in both together, is an idea formed by our memory of discontinuous though successive Sensations which, from the commonsense standpoint, may appear either as physical or mental.

These Sensations give us the impression that we have perceived a surface.  But there has been no immediate Perception of a surface. As an example, behold a printed page, held at reading distance. Notice that the eyes or the page must be moved if more than a very limited portion is to be seen.  While one observes one portion, he cannot observe the others. Thus the impression of having seen a page is not the product of a single, comprehensive glance. It derives from the memory of several distinct glances.

At this stage, we may usefully recall that if the percipient is repeatedly & similarly affected by a more or less constant group of Sensations, he forms the notion of a specific object 3. Depth. Having found extension in length & breadth to be a notion, let us now consider extension 1 1 say ‘at reading distance’, because it often happens that what afterwards is called a surface falls within the field of a single visual or tactile focus of attention. In such cases, we either look or feel more minutely, or else, & this is the most usual, we unwittingly call on past experience to supply imaginatively the Sensations that combine to form the notion of a surface or an object in depth, or from a surface inwards.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Detachment from thoughts  naturally arises when you are treating the thoughts as thoughts & not yourself.  When you do so, you no longer feel as though you are in that mode.  As for Suffering, such can be different from discomfort.  Pain is of the Body.  Truth is not an anesthetic.  It does not get rid of pain, at least not on its own level.  If we realize that there is no such thing as the World, & that the Uncreated alone is, we can say that pain has been obliterated, but not at the level of the Senses.  In Reality, we know there is no such thing as Pain, because there is no such thing as a World or a Body.  As a consequence, we do not suffer, even when pain occurs.  Obviously, infirmity & illness, & the onset of death cause pain, but they need not cause suffering.  Pain is the Sensation. Suffering is when you think you are the one who is encapsulated within that experience of pain.  Pain affects the Body.  When it seems to affect “you” such is called Suffering. Bliss belongs to the Self.  Bliss never belonged to the Body. Only pleasure & pain belong to the Body. Bliss is not pleasure.  Bliss is not pain.

Anything objective is some kind of “this”.  The more definition that you place upon “this,” the more separate it seems to be. Where does the definition of “this” come from ? Actually, it derives from the definition of “I.”  When you look out into the Universe, it is but a mirror of your own Self.  How you conceive of  “yourself “ determines how you conceive of  “this”.  If you conceive of an “I” there is a “this”.  Make the “I” embodied, & “this” becomes the “World,” just as occurred in last night’s Dream. Conceive of yourself as a Dream character with a Dream Body, & there is a Dream World & a relation between them. When you wake up, though, you know that there has been no Dream character, & there has been no Dream World; nor was there a Dream relation between them.  There was one Consciousness that was invisible, although it was the only thing really present during the Dream.  It was all your Consciousness, yet your Consciousness never became “anything”, neither in an unreal way, nor in a real way, nor as a play, nor as a wish, nor any other such thing.  It was entirely just Illusion. Illusion means that which is not.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 86

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 86:

Ribhu Gita (Tamil) Ch 34:

(17)  In the domain of Ignorance, the one Brahman will appear as the endless variety of Individuals, the Lord, and World.  In the domain of Knowledge comes into view, the expanse of the World and Individuals will appear as of the nature the Immaculate Supreme. even if a Rope appears in the domain of Ignorance.  As a Snake or some such form. when the domain of Knowledge comes into view, is it not indeed only the Rope and nothing else ?

(18)  Hence, even if, for the non-inquiring fools, the Undivided, perfectly full Brahman appears as of the Elements and other variety of things,  For the Conquerors, who have inquired completely, all this appearance, which seems to be differences, us only the partless, undivided Supreme Brahman. Noble Sage! there is not an iota of doubt about this. is there any doubt in what the Lord has told me ?

(19)  Nothing is created at any time.  Nothing exists at any time.  Nothing is destroyed at any time.  Nothing at any time exists nothing at all.  It is only the one complete, perfectly full Brahman which is ever without Duality, that exists at all times everywhere.  In the name of the Lord, what is told here is the Truth.

(20)  Apart from the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman, there is nothing as Ignorance or Knowledge. Apart from the undivided, completely, perfectly full Brahman, there is nothing as superimposition or its removal. Apart from the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman, there is no World or Individuals or Supreme or any such thing.  It is only the undivided, completely. perfectly full Brahman that exists ever as the one undivided Essence.

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The substratum upon which the false idea of the Mind has been superimposed is the Self.  When you see the Mind, the Self, the underlying substratum, is not seen.  It is hidden by a false but persistent idea. And, conversely, when the Self is seen there is no Mind.

This habit (believing that I am a Body & a particular Person) has become very strong because you have reinforced & strengthened it over many lifetimes. This will go if you meditate on your real Self. The habit will melt away, like ice becoming water.

The Mind only gets dissolved in the Self by constant practice. At that moment the “I am the Body” idea disappears, just as Darkness disappears when the Sun rises.

The Body is not the Self; the Mind is not the Self.  The real “I” is the Self, & nothing ever happens to or affects the Self.

The Desire for Enlightenment is necessary because without it you will never take the necessary steps to realize the Self. A desire to walk to a particular place is necessary before you take any steps. If that desire is not present, you will never take the first step. When you realize the Self, that Desire will go.

If the Intensity to know yourself is strong enough, the Intensity of your yearning will take you to the Self.

Your most important objective must be realizing the Self.  If you have not done this, you will spend your time in Ignorance & Illusion.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Why should God, which may be supposed to want nothing, should have wished a Universe into being ? Rather than toy with these insoluble problems to no purpose, we note that all questions regarding Origins are illogical & absurd.  Cosmogony & Evolution, from various standpoints, consider the question of Origins.

Bertrand Russell, writing about the philosophy of Berkeley, remarks that “although Berkeley is right in saying that the events we know immediately are mental, it is highly probable that he is wrong as to the events we infer in places where there are no living bodies.”  Lord Russell allows such a probability because Light & Sound take time to travel from their sources to the perceiver, & one must suppose that something is happening along the route by which they travel. What is happening along the route is presumably not “mental”, for, as we have seen, “mental” events are those that have peculiar information effects which are connected with living tissue.”

We are unable to see any difference between “the events we know immediately” & those “we infer in places where there are no living bodies.”  For in postulating events we do not or cannot actually perceive, we inevitably visualize mental images which therefore we know immediately.”  Even if vaguely, as though they were physically before us, we grant the dualism of Mind & matter which Russell has elsewhere disproved.

Again from Bertrand Russell: “As regards the World in general, both physical & mental, everything that we know of its intrinsic character is derived from the mental side, & almost everything that we know of its causal laws is derived from the physical side. But from the standpoint of philosophy, the distinction between physical & mental is superficial & unreal.”

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Let us assume that you are observing your own state of Mind, be it a particular thought, a mood, or mode.  When you have the recognition that this is not the highest way to be, you are already beginning to step out of it.  Proceed further.  Recognize that this tendency, Suffering, or Ignorance is not caused by external circumstances.  This is self-conjured.  With this recognition, you know that this is your own imagination or hallucination.  This is your idea.  It is not being caused by something else.  You are the one conjuring up this Ignorance for yourself, & it is not due to anyone else.  Thus, you are very much free to set yourself entirely free.  Then, there is the Realization that not only is Ignorance not your Self but it is something objectively displayed before you.  Furthermore, that objective display is now fully in the domain of your own responsibility.

The benefit of taking responsibility for one’s own Delusion is that one is then set free from it.  As long as an “other” is supposed to be the cause of the Superimposition or the Ignorance, how will there be Liberation ?  That “other” could sneak up at any time & bind you!  If one knows within himself that he himself imagines his own Bondage, & that he himself, liberates himself, nothing external is seen to be the cause of suffering, bondage, unhappiness.  Taking that responsibility, you are set free, because you can change your Mind.  Deeper still, you can change in a spiritual sense so that you no longer misidentify with the Mind.  You can destroy the particular thought forms, & you can transcend the Mind entirely. Once you see that it is your own ideas, then the Inquiry, “For whom are these ideas Are they true ?  What is the Reality ?” starts to make very good sense.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 85

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 85:

Ribhu Gita (Tamil) Ch 34:

(5)  Apart from the Supreme Brahman, which is Knowledge,  Neither you nor I nor anyone exists.  Without Supreme Brahman, which is Knowledge.  There is no multitude of appearances like the body and such.  Without the Supreme Brahman, which is natural Knowledge, there is no reality-unreality.  Without Supreme Brahman, which is Knowledge, there are no divisions such as the Supreme, the Individuals, and the World.

(6)  Apart from Brahman, the shining Knowledge, there is neither Duality nor Non-Duality.  Without Brahman, the luminous Knowledge, there is neither Darkness nor Light; nor is there Space.  Apart from the Brahman, the untainted, There is neither the great nor the trivial, nor anything else.  Apart from Brahman, the clear Knowledge, there is nothing that is seen as an Illusion.

(7)  Apart from Brahman, the Awareness untarnished by thought, there is neither Body, nor Life, nor the World.  Apart from Brahman, the unsullied Awareness, there is neither Cause nor Effect.  Apart from Brahman, the manifest, there is nothing to be taught or to be learned.  Apart from Brahman, the Awareness, there never is an appearance of Duality.

(9)  Apart from Brahman. the differenceless Knowledge,  there is no differentiation such as Bondage or Liberation.  Apart from Brahman, the luminous Knowledge,  there is not a bit of Sorrow or Happiness or such.  Apart from Brahman. the unaffected Knowledge,  there is no such word as “no”.  The Supreme Brahman, of the nature of undivided Knowledge, without beginning or end, is all.

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The nature of my realization was such that the ‘I’ that asserts its own reality was revealed as false & disappeared, but not the ‘I’ that is the unique, pure, non- dual Self that exists permeating all things equally.

The Enlightened State, in which the Grace & Wisdom of the Self is directly experienced, will not come into being unless we separate ourselves from the illusory World of the divided Mind so that it can no longer exist. Therefore we must thoroughly investigate & comprehend our own Self, so that the hostility of the ghost-like Ego, that brings with it the torment of an understanding based on differentiation, may cease.

Through tenacious Self-Inquiry into the Self the pure “I” springs forth, eliminating the false personal Identity. We should realize that that true “I”, filled with the Light of our own True Nature, is the Supreme Reality itself.

Dualistic concepts such as “I”  & “He” are a treacherous trick of the mind that assumes the form of the Body. Eliminate therefore this powerful mental imagination & discern the Self.

Even now, if you entirely eradicate the personal Ego based on the multifarious nature of the non-Self, you will experience an intense & limitless Awakening, as your true nature, the Supreme Self, shines out.

Realization in all its clarity flourished in the form of Self-Consciousness, the light of Truth shining in the Heart as the vast expanse in which there is no arising of the contemptible Ego.

The death of the Ego, which arises as “I” in conjunction with the Body’s physical form, is synonymous with a new Existence in the luminous firmament of the Supreme, free of the embodied Mind’s forgetfulness of the Self.

The Ego self is like a poison which has its origin in & thrives upon a fundamental misapprehension.  Here in the World it is an enemy masquerading as a friend & you should root up & cast out every last vestige of it.

Allow Reality to shine as it truly is without any obstacle whatsoever by means of the destruction of the age-old deceit of the hostile Ego.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Wanting to rise above the commonsense outlook, just as we cannot gauge the exact color of objects if we always wear tinted glasses, we cannot know the true nature of our individual experience if we persist in viewing it from the standpoint of Individuality. Thus the commonsense outlook must be surpassed if we would understand our individual experience aright.  Common Sense, in truth, is synonymous with Ignorance: &  Ignorance breeds doubt. As a practical measure, therefore, we would do well to seek the motive of every philosophical question. If its purpose was to elicit an answer tending to establish the validity of the Commonsense, Waking, point of view, we should reconsider the whole problem from the standpoint of Consciousness. Then it can be seen in its proper perspective, or else it may vanish.

Something in us is sure to set up a clamor of, ” yes, but . . .“, “all the same . . .”, & the rest.  But that will not deter us.  Our motive is the quest for Truth.  There need be no Distinction between the Mental & the Physical due to something.  The something is the Ego.

Waking experience, like the experience of Dreaming, is a product of the Mind.. We have found that all Sense-objects, including our Body, exist solely as Notions, in other words, that they exist only when thought of.  Thus the distinction between Physical & Mental objects is unreal. The difference lies, not in the nature of the objects, but in the different quality, or intensity, of thoughts.

Extroversion seems at one time to assume tangibility & at another it does not. Why should this be so ?  It would necessitate an excursion into the fields of Cosmogony & Evolution. That would be to concede that appearances as such existed independently of their being cognized.  Nothing, moreover, could possibly be gained from such a concession.  If we were to fall back upon some outside principle by way of explaining the origin of manifestation, we would still be unable to find any reason for the First Cause.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Look in this way, & there are no others.  Look in this way, & there is no separation between yourself & the true Self you are attempting to realize.  There is no difference between the seeker & what is sought

This is just timeless Truth, eternal Truth, just one Self.  In experiencing Self-Knowledge, there is no distinguishing between the knower & the known.  There is no separate realizer & thing realized, no knower & no known.  It is Self-Knowledge­-of-oneself, one Self knowing oneself, one Self—not another. It is Non-Dual.  Experience this for yourself by inquiring.  When you inquire deeply, the entire notion of differentiation is burnt up, is consumed, & becomes absurd.

I am the very Existence of all.” Can you understand it now?  That which truly exists, never ceases to be. That which truly is never changes.  That which is Real, does not depend on anything else to be or to be experienced.  This is Being.  Earnestness, Renunciation of Attachment, & introspection in the form of Self-inquiry are what are necessary for Self-Realization.  The Knowledge of the Self is the Knowledge of all.  As the dimension of depth of the image in the mirror does not truly exist, so differentiation does not exist in the one Self.  The Ego is a false assumption & nothing more.  The Ego is a false assumption assumed by no one.  The Eternal Silence of the Self is the Uncreate in which nothing has ever occurred & in which nothing ever will occur.

Something else, be such called an “it” or “this,” & some­thing else, be it called an individual “I” or by some other name —any kind of something other—is just not true.  There is just one Self.  Realizing this for yourself there is Perfection.  There is Peace.  There is unflawed Happiness.  This is just the honest Truth.

When you thoroughly recognize Ignorance as Ignorance, it is no more for you.  This recognition may start with understanding, “This is not necessarily the Truth”  or  “This is not the best that I know”  or
”I know something higher than this.”  It can he that simple.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 84

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 84:

Ribhu Gita (Tamil) Ch 34:

(2)  All that, which is seen as an appearance, is the Omnipresent Brahman, the Seer alone. Though it seems like an appearance because of fickle thought, when inquired into, it is only the Seer and not a bit apart, such as this and that. What is seen through Knowledge Is only Knowledge. indeed. When inquired into, waves of various forms are only water. Are they anything else ?

(3) Hence them is nowhere a bit apart, such as this and that, except Knowledge. Apart from that Brahman of the nature of Knowledge. There is no empirical existence in the World. Apart from the mass of Knowledge, the Supreme Brahman, There is no existence such as a World, the Individuals, and the Supreme. The undivided Supreme Brahman, without beginning or end. Of the nature of Knowledge is indeed all.

(4) The World and Individuals, seeming real, are nothing apart from the Reality, Brahman. and not a bit different from Brahman, which is That alone. This is the Truth, there is no doubt about this. The Supreme Brahman which is Existence alone is ever our True Nature. The true nature of the World and such is a superimposition on the Supreme Brahman. which is That alone.

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

This life is all a Dream, a Dream within a Dream. We dream this World, we dream that we die & take Birth in another Body. And in this birth we dream that we have Dreams. All kinds of pleasures & suffering alternate in these Dreams, but a moment comes when waking up happens. In this moment, which we call realizing the Self, there is the understanding that all the Births, all the Deaths, all the sufferings & all the pleasures were unreal Dreams that have finally come to an end.

You are looking for satisfaction in the outside World because you think that all these objects you see in front of you are real. They are not.

If you abide as the Self, you will see the World as the Self. In fact, there will be no World at all.

Nothing exists here & therefore there are no concepts of objects; there is nothing other than the Self & the Self does not conceive of an object. 511. It is only as long as you are not fully enlightened that you experience apparent diversity.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

We need not, & indeed we cannot, disregard the canons of common sense in the purely human situations to which they apply. But we should become centered in the immutable Self instead of living on a periphery & falling a prey to whatever affects our person.  We must adopt a position that will enable us to view with complete objectivity all the aspects of our experience.  In this way alone can we discriminate between its transient & its imperishable sides.

Such a view is not to be had excepting from the vantage-point of Consciousness.  As far as the attribution of Life to other bodies, between animate & inanimate bodies, no certain distinction can always be made. The Senses as such meet solely with insentient matter.  The principle of Life & Consciousness can never be the object of Perception.

Other embodied beings seem to exist only when we ourselves seem to be embodied.  Embodiment is experienced in the states of Waking & Dreaming. These states are not permanent. They come & go in Consciousness. The experience of the one [Dreaming] corresponds exactly to the experience of the other [Waking], both being the products of Mind.

The imaginary bodies we encounter in Dreams are endowed with Life & Consciousness by the Dreaming subject.  So also, the imaginary bodies we encounter in Waking are endowed with Life & Consciousness by the Waking subject in the Waking-state. Thus the habit of attributing Life to bodies goes hand in hand with Extroversion; & the notion of a “living organism” is nothing but an objectification of the principle of Life in terms of the Senses.

A living organism is that which possesses the capacity to form conditioned reflexes. This may provide an excellent criterion for the inferences of Natural Science.  It explains nothing about the attribution of Life to foreign bodies.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

It is basic for earnest, inward-turned, spiritual people to recognize that there is the same divine Essence in all. We may call that God, the Divine, Brahman dwelling in all, or we may refer to that by some other term. There is Divinity, God, the same Self; in all. When someone has that understanding, his focus has been lifted beyond the realm of what is differentiated to a higher view. Though still there is the idea of difference, nevertheless, there is still some supervening Truth that there is One among many. However, when the Maharshi says, “The one Self alone exists eternally”, the meaning goes much further. You can reach that further point by inquiring to thoroughly know yourself as you are.

Turning within to know the Divine, to know God, on a path of Knowledge, we refer to that which is to be known as “the Self”.  There is, then, yourself & the Self.  We hear about the Sell; or read about it in texts such as the Upanishads, Avadhut Gita, Ribhu Gita, Ashtavakra Gita, Bhagavad Gita, & similar

sacred works. We listen to & read Teachings about the Self, & we come to know it as the Infinite, the Eternal, the Unconditioned, the Limitless, the Unmodified, & the Absolute. Yet, there is oneself & the Self.  The Maharshi says, “ Are there two selves, one to realize the other ?”

When someone attempting to realize God would come to him, he would say, “Leave God alone.  Start with yourself oneself.”  The aim was not to thrust a seeker into the personal, but rather into the Impersonal by a direct inquiry into one’s own Existence.  For certainly God or the Self is far more Real than whatever Body, Personality, thought, Mind, or conglomerate of these is imagined as the Individual. The Maharshi would direct one to know oneself, one’s own actual Existence, discerning what is not the Self & relinquishing mis-identification with it, so as to abide just as the Self — the Self as oneself — in a state of Identity. After all, Self-Knowledge is all about knowing the Reality, not making something new.  It is about knowing one’s Being, not becoming something else.  It is knowing one’s identity & not being confused about it any longer.

If one sets about making an inquiry to know oneself it returns him to how he defines, or marks of himself.  In what way do you define yourself ?  Put the question to yourself  “Who am I ?”  Whatever is not truly your Existence, set aside as not being the Self as not being yourself.  Cease regarding it as your Identity.

Cease regarding the matter composing the Body to be yourself.  Now, how do you distinguish between yourself & the Self ?  The Self is unborn & undying. Without the Body you are Unborn & Undying.  The Self is without location.  Without the Body, you have no location.  Continue like this.

Set aside the ignorance of regarding the Senses as being your Identity. You are not any of the Senses. You are not a sensed thing. You are not a sensing entity.  For all those things come & go.  Existence is perpetual.  Consciousness is perpetual. The Existence, or the Consciousness, is, therefore, your Self &  not the Senses. You are not a sensing entity. The Self is unseen, or the unseen Seer of all that is seen, the unheard Hearer of all that is heard.  If you set aside the Senses, no longer falsely regarding them as your identity, you are the Unheard, the One who knows about hearing & what is heard, the unheard Hearer of all that is heard. You, yourself, are the unseen Seer of all that is seen, for you do not see yourself, just as you do not see the Self .  Yet, you are.  Furthermore, you are the One who knows when seeing occurs as well as the things seen. When they vanish, you are still there.  The Self outlasts the Senses.  You outlast the Senses.

Likewise is it with the Mind, or the collection of thoughts that we casually refer to as “the Mind”.  The Self transcends the Mind & can never be thought of by the Mind.  It is the inconceivable One, who is before, during, & after every thought. Inquire: “The thoughts are for whom ?  Who am I ?”  You, yourself, are not a thought.  Nor are you all of the thoughts put together. You are, yourself, existing before you think any thought; during the thought; & long after the thought has subsided.  Unaffected &  unchanged, your Existence continues.  Your Being alone still is as it is.  What can you think of that is actually you, that can be the final definition for yourself ?  There is no such thought.  The Self is beyond thought.  You are beyond thought.  The Self cannot be thought of.  You, yourself; cannot be thought of.  The Self is before, during, & after every thought. You, yourself, are before, during, & after every thought.

In reality, there is nothing that gives form to the Individual entity, to an Ego “I”. Remove all the form, just as we have been doing, & inquire into yourself.  What do you regard as yourself ?  With no Body, no Senses, & no thought, without even the idea of “I”, what remains of you ?  What is it that is truly you ? What has been truly you the whole time ?

What you are, you always are. What you may have assumed yourself to be, you never have been.  What you are, you always are, with no Birth, no Death, no Creation, no Desire, & no Change. What you are not is just changing nothingness, apparently created, changeful, & perishing, all of it made of as much stuff as the assumption upon which it is based   the assumption of a separate “I”, a differentiated self in contrast with the Self.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 83

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 83:

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Ignorance will not be eradicated except in those who, through the power of Self-Inquiry conducted assiduously within the heart, have attained the victorious absolute vision in which the whole panoply of manifestation is transcended, being seen as a mere Cinema show.

The infinite variety of false & treacherous modes of existence are merely brightly colored images appearing as if in a Mirror.  We must realize that the false & treacherous identification of the “I” with the Body is the seed from which these appearances arise to ensnare us, & we must reject it with disdain.

That which is spoken of as the Life of life itself is the true Life; That other “life” is merely the Body. That illusory knowledge mediated by the Senses is nothing but Delusion. The pure Consciousness that underlies it alone is true consciousness.

We think we live in a real, materially substantial World, & that our Minds & Bodies are real entities that move around in it. When the Self is seen & known, all these false ideas fade away & one is left with the Knowledge: Self alone exists.

There are Dream consequences for the bad acts committed in the Dream, & while you still take the Dream to be the reality, you will suffer the consequences of your bad behavior. Do no evil & have no hate. Have equanimity towards everything.

Bad thoughts make bad Dreams & good thoughts make good Dreams, & if you have no thoughts you don’t Dream at all.

Your real state is the Self, & in that Self there is no Body & no Mind.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

If it be true that objects as such are not perceived, then one’s own Body as such, being an object, is not perceived.  One’s Body is a notion, formed in the same manner as the notion of any other object. The relation between the perceiver’s Body & foreign bodies entails the Sensations that gives rise to the notion of an Object. These are nothing more than the Sense’s Sensing. And because the Senses cannot exist without the support of a Body, it follows that our notion of any foreign Body, whether animate or inanimate, depends upon the notion of our own Body.

When, for instance, we examine the Notion of any particular object, its Shape & Color are found to be inseparably connected with our Eyes. The notion is inseparably connected to its Feel, Weight & Temperature with our Skin, its Sound with our Ears, & so on.

Even to speak of its Sound, Color, or Feel is only a concession to a prejudice. For, in the actual experience, we are conscious simply of isolated Sensations. It is afterwards that we call them the attributes of an Object.

Moreover, it is our Body which provides the ultimate standard of size & situation [big, close, etc.]. We see that other people’s bodies, like our own, are notions pertaining to the particular state of mental activity which is at present being experienced.

The same conclusion has been reached by an analysis of Sensory Perception.  For the notion of a foreign Body depends upon the Notion of our own Body, whether it be the Body of Waking or of Dreaming experience.  We shall now find that the experience we attribute to others is also a Notion, in so far as its objectivity is concerned.

Common Sense relies upon the testimony of other living beings, or of man-made adjuncts [media, etc.] to the Sensory faculty, in order to prove the independent “existence” of Objects.  It takes for granted, moreover, the independent existence of the living beings, or the mechanical devices, upon whose testimony it relies.  Against the commonsense view, in total opposition, stands the metaphysical, according to which the idea that objects exist independently of their being perceived, whether they be animate or inanimate, is illusory.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

One Self, oneself.  If this one Self is realized, all is perfect. Who realizes this one Self ?  Oneself; of course. What is it that is realized? One Self, which is oneself.

The Truth is that there is one Existence, pure unalloyed Being, which is Non-Dual. It is indivisible &  undifferentiated. If there is an absence of Knowledge regarding it, if one is ignorant of it, that one Self appears as if a multiplicity. Commencing with the notion, the barest assumption, of  “I”  as a separate Individual, all diversity spreads forth. This is not a real creation of diversity.  It is only an illusion due to lack of Knowledge of the Self,

In a verse that refers to the “Silence” of Dakshinamurti, the primordial Sage & Guru, the Maharshi, says, “The One Self alone exists eternally.” That is the Truth, with no ignorance prevailing. That is what is realized in Self-Knowledge, or Self-Realization, as we call it. If we think in terms of multiplicity, or differentiation, all of such starts with the notion of “I”.  In order to realize the Truth in your own practice on a path of Knowledge & thus experience the unalloyed Bliss & Peace of that one Self, what is necessary is to thoroughly inquire. If you thoroughly inquire to realize what you are, you will find that there is no separate Individuality, or Ego, & consequently, that there is no differentiated assortment of beings, but just one Self. How does one mark off the differences so that he can say, “I,” “you,” “he,” “she,” “it,” & “another” ? This is done only by mis-identification

The purpose of Satsang is for you to have direct experience & Knowledge, not only later when you meditate upon what you hear, but even now as I am speaking. So, listen & meditate. Meditatively consider for yourself how you mark off what you conceive as “yourself” & therefore, what you think of as some “other.” As long as there is a self, one among many, there will be many surrounding that one. How do you mark off yourself ?  Is it by misidentifying yourself as a Body ?  If you did liberate yourself from the “I am the Body” notion, the misidentification with the Body, how would you distinguish between “yourself” & an “other” ?  How would the concept of an “other” remain ?  Absent the concept of “other,” how would the problems that arise between “your self’ &  an “other” remain ?

How do you mark off yourself ?  Is it as a personality, which is but a conglomerate of various ideas, some of those ideas being memory, some of those ideas being present-moment thoughts, so-called personal thoughts & emotional thoughts ?  Is this one who knows all those thoughts that person ?  If you can discriminate in this manner, distinguishing clearly what the nature of the Self is, how will you differentiate between yourself & another ?

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 82

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 82:

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Through the miracle of Grace that penetrated me in the form of true all-embracing consciousness, so that the ghostly charade created by the evil Ego was abolished, I perceived that there was nothing that I needed to learn through the intellect.

The heart in which words & thoughts have subsided & which remains as the all-pervading reality in which there is no going, no coming, no contact with anything whatsoever, will overflow with the ambrosial clarity of the Supreme.

The practice of Abidance in the Self is to firmly hold the Mind in abeyance within the heart. It is not an act of thinking.

The enduring attainment is to become established in the Heart, abiding as the pure “I”, unruffled by the fierce gale whipped up by all the various branches of knowledge that are apprehended through the mind & senses, & cause us agitation.

All the information the Mind accumulates & all the experiences it collects are ignorance, false knowledge. Real knowledge cannot be found in the Mind or in any external location.

Don’t be interested in the words that the Mind is serving up for you. It is putting them there to tempt you into a stream of thoughts that will take you away from the Self. You have to ignore them all & focus on the light that is shining within you.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

The Senses are like so many languages, which express, in their own idiom, the un-objectified Being that is beyond the domain of expression.  The idea that objects exist independently of their being cognized.  Different people give different meanings to the word “Intuition”, the unwitting practice of Introversion which refers back all objective experience to subjective Consciousness.  It is a gift, & one which may often be developed by proper training.  It cannot be held responsible for the rightness or the wrongness of the conclusions arrived at, nor does it bear any immediate relation to the degree of scholarly or aesthetic culture acquired by persons endowed in this manner. Culture may help to prevent, but it may also lead to, false conclusions. Something more than culture is therefore needed if intuitions are not to be misinterpreted by those who have them.

The training is the practice of Introversion that forms an important part of the Vedantic method.  It helps to lead to a state where Intuition, instead of remaining fortuitous, becomes the normal pattern of experience. But this state transcends what is normally thought of as Intuition.  It may best be described as the Realization of Non-Duality.

The Body could not exist without the Senses; & the Senses require the support of a Body. The Body & the Sensory faculty are therefore inseparable.  One may observe this upon Waking, when awareness of foreign bodies is seen to be allied with awareness of one’s own Body.  The perceiver’s Body & World form an indivisible whole.

The plain man knows of Subjectivity only through his experience of objects; & the objective side of experience is Sensory.  For him, therefore, the Sensory faculty & its supporting Body seem naturally to be on the side of subjective Consciousness. This makes him think of his Body as a thing apart.  But the Body is merely an object of Consciousness, one amongst others.

Although there are probably many gifted persons who could, if they wished, follow this path, the number of those who more than anything else desire spiritual knowledge is very small. “You can take a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink.”

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

One Self, oneself.  If this one Self is realized, all is perfect. Who realizes this one Self ?  Oneself; of course. What is it that is realized? One Self, which is oneself.

The Truth is that there is one Existence, pure unalloyed Being, which is Non-Dual. It is indivisible &  undifferentiated. If there is an absence of Knowledge regarding it, if one is ignorant of it, that one Self appears as if a multiplicity. Commencing with the notion, the barest assumption, of  “I”  as a separate Individual, all diversity spreads forth. This is not a real creation of diversity.  It is only an illusion due to lack of Knowledge of the Self,

In a verse that refers to the “Silence” of Dakshinamurti, the primordial Sage & Guru, the Maharshi, says, “The One Self alone exists eternally.” That is the Truth, with no ignorance prevailing. That is what is realized in Self-Knowledge, or Self-Realization, as we call it. If we think in terms of multiplicity, or differentiation, all of such starts with the notion of “I”.  In order to realize the Truth in your own practice on a path of Knowledge & thus experience the unalloyed Bliss & Peace of that one Self, what is necessary is to thoroughly inquire. If you thoroughly inquire to realize what you are, you will find that there is no separate Individuality, or Ego, & consequently, that there is no differentiated assortment of beings, but just one Self. How does one mark off the differences so that he can say, “I,” “you,” “he,” “she,” “it,” & “another” ? This is done only by mis-identification

The purpose of Satsang is for you to have direct experience & Knowledge, not only later when you meditate upon what you hear, but even now as I am speaking. So, listen & meditate. Meditatively consider for yourself how you mark off what you conceive as “yourself” & therefore, what you think of as some “other.” As long as there is a self, one among many, there will be many surrounding that one. How do you mark off yourself ?  Is it by misidentifying yourself as a Body ?  If you did liberate yourself from the “I am the Body” notion, the misidentification with the Body, how would you distinguish between “yourself” & an “other” ?  How would the concept of an “other” remain ?  Absent the concept of “other,” how would the problems that arise between “your self’ &  an “other” remain ?

How do you mark off yourself ?  Is it as a personality, which is but a conglomerate of various ideas, some of those ideas being memory, some of those ideas being present-moment thoughts, so-called personal thoughts & emotional thoughts ?  Is this one who knows all those thoughts that person ?  If you can discriminate in this manner, distinguishing clearly what the nature of the Self is, how will you differentiate between yourself & another ?

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 81

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 81:

Some disciple of Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Thoughts are the enemy of happiness !  Happiness reigns when thoughts subside! In fact, thoughts are the veil that covers over the happiness; when this veil is removed, happiness is revealed.

Where thoughts cease, happiness reigns supreme; such is the truth about happiness.  Although the thought-free state is gained & happiness is experienced for a while, such a thought-free state obtained by contact with external objects does not last long.  Therefore, it is clear that one can never achieve the thought-free happy state permanently with the help of the 5 senses.

 Whatever doubt may rise, it cannot rise without the rising of you the first to have risen — who raised it. Therefore the primal doubt, namely that of not knowing who you are, is the root of all doubts !

 Until this primal doubt is cleared, replying to your other doubts will be just like cutting the leaves off the branches of a tree, because they will sprout again & again !  But if the root is cut, they will not sprout again !

 As the gracious light of inner realization entered my heart, all knowledge acquired through learning was exposed as merely a creation of the mind & as it fell away, my consciousness — free of attributes, shining in its natural state of attachment to the Self, that shines without attachment to anything — gained its final victory as the consciousness that is absolute & all-embracing.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage

The particular nature of a Sensation is determined by the receiving organ, & not by the stimulus. Appearance as such is nothing more than the Senses.  Sensing & Sense-objects are one with Sensory Perception.

Reality is defined as that which transcends change. The immutable Reality is the Self, the Self being that single Consciousness in which the many & various aspects of objective experience come & go.  Now it is true that our Sensations are the mere masks & symbols of Reality.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

We cannot have an objective knowledge of Reality, which for us is identical with Non-Duality. The Notion of a World arises despite the fact that Objects as such are not perceived.  Objects exist only as Notions, that is to say, they exist when they are thought of & not otherwise. Now we cannot have more than a single thought at a time, although the rapidity with which thoughts succeed one another makes plain men believe the contrary.  It follows that the simultaneous existence of objects is an impossibility. But we remember our past notions & it is Memory therefore that makes us believe in the coexistence of objects.

The illusion of the simultaneous & independent existence of objects arises from the idea that we can cognize several objects simultaneously.  This is one of the many erroneous habits of thought that becloud our understanding.  Such habits will be found to play an important part, as does the nature of Memory.

We give objective experience to the notion of a World.  In this connection, Abstract thought & generalization pertain.  The notion of a World is a generalization & nothing more. Sensations are Words of a Sensory Language.  When there is no objectification of Consciousness, when in other words there is no Sensory Perception, what seemed to be an Object loses both its Sensory & intellectual attributes, remaining as the principle of Consciousness in which the Object seemed to appear.

It cannot then be called an Object; nor in reality, was there ever one, for in itself it transcended Name & Form.  When a something is cognized, something is present.  When a something is cognized, a something does certainly exist, but not as it appears. For the appearance is determined solely by the perceiver & not by the thing in itself.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

[about the Body & about “activity”]

Become more & more certain of how you are not the Body. The whole question of being active or inactive thus dis­appears. The activity & inactivity are only for the Body. They are never for your real Self. Become more & more certain of how you are not the Body, & it will make no difference whether you are having just a little twitch during a seated Medi­tation, which you regard as still, or your limbs are very active, busy doing whatever they are doing. It is a matter of Knowledge of your Identity.

[about Identity]

When you Discern in the process of Self-Inquiry to know the Self; 3 things happen. First, you clear up the question of where Happiness is. Happiness returns to its origin. Secondly, you clear up this question of Identity. This sense of Identity returns to its origin. &  thirdly, you clear up the question of Reality, & the sense of Reality returns to its origin. When Happiness, Identity & Reality coincide within, your Knowledge is firm.

[about Detachment]

For what reason do you become attached to something? It is only because you think that there is Happiness in it. &  of course, you think that it is Real & that it has some connection with you. Usually, you think that it will endure, as well [instead of temporary as with all things]. Meditation on the Transience of objects tends to make one Detached. One is attached to something only because one is mixing up the Immortality of his own nature with the object. One thinks it will endure. As soon as one thinks about how it will not continue, Detachment begins.

Even more so, Detachment from objects comes about when one discerns where Happiness is & no longer thinks something else is going to give Happiness to him. As long as one thinks that objects, situations, & other people, or the relations with them, are going to give him his own, innate Happiness, one remains attached. When one feels that there is no Happiness in them, such are not going to give the Happiness to him, he becomes quite naturally Detached.

When one acts upon that Detachment, it is called Renunciation. Renunciation is an expression, & sometimes a con­firmation, for yourself, concerning the Detachment that has been born within. In the course of practice, everyone renounces to some degree. It depends on the seeker, though, which particular objects or things are renounced. It is not reasonable to assume that, when you become Detached from all things due to Dis­crimination, you will go on acting in the identical fashion as you did when you were in the utter darkness of Ignorance. Those activities & those objects that you associated with due to Igno­rance will be renounced. Those that were neutral, or even help­ful or beneficial to your spirituality, may remain.

If you see the Transience in Life, you become Detached. If you contemplate deeply the question about what is Happiness & what not, you become more Detached. If you see that all things are a Dream of your own mind, you become much, much more Detached.  &  if you realize who you are, you have innate Detachment, which is supreme Detachment. The greater the Detachment, the greater the Bliss. The more the attachment, the more the suffering. Suffering & attachment are the same thing.

[responding to a question as whether Detachment entails Duality]

No. In a state of attachment, there is Duality. There are you & the object.  You cling to the object, but fruitlessly so, because the object will vanish or your Body will vanish or both will vanish.  It is purposeless. While you are attached to the object, you suffer. Even though you do so in the name of gain­ing Happiness, you suffer. You suffer when the object is not there. Then, you suffer fear of its loss when it is there. That is not the way to be. That is not the Ideal State.

We speak of Detachment. It is a state of Knowledge in which you no longer confound your sense of Identity or your Happiness with that thing to which you were previously attached. Higher still, we no longer regard the thing as Real, in which case Duality has been obliterated. You must have 2 to have Duality. There cannot be a Duality in the Discernment between the unreal & the Real. The experience is that you see what is. That which is not has never come to be. There is no Duality in that. It is the resolution of Duality.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 80

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 80:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The method of Self-Inquiry is to turn the outward going Mind back to its source the Heart, the Self, & fix it ever there, preventing the rising of the empty “I”.

Inquiry is making the mind abide firm in the Self till the false Ego, Illusion’s seed, has perished.

One who has wisely chosen the straight path of Self-Inquiry can never go astray; for like the bright, clear Sun, the self reveals itself to whoso turns towards it.

Un-deluded by what ever else may come & go, unwinking watch the Self, because the little fault of forgetting for one moment once true Being as pure Consciousness brings tremendous loss.

If you refrain from looking at this or that or any other object then by that overpowering look into Absolute Being, you become yourself the boundless Space of pure Consciousness which alone is real Being.

Unbroken Self-Consciousness is the true bright path of Devotion or Love.  Knowledge of our inherent Nature as indivisible Bliss Supreme wells up his Love.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

In terms of the Senses, something no doubt has been apprehended.  But that something, in Reality, is not an Object.  That something transcends the Duality of Knower & Known.  Now the Abstraction of Sensible Qualities from a foreign Object implies that its Perceiver has, in the process, transcended the Sensible Qualities of his person.  And in the absence of Sensible Qualities both in the one & the other, it is not possible to find any difference between the Perceiver & the Object perceived.

Form stands for Sensible Qualities in general, Name for Intellectual Qualities, that is to say, for all that concerns the association of Ideas & the Notion of a specific Object [Particulars Species, 3rd Skandha], or kind of Objects [Abstraction or Generalization, 4th Skandha].

We unwittingly make this Abstraction whenever we cease to be conscious of Objects, either in the interval between 2 thoughts, when a desire is fulfilled,  or in Deep Dreamless Sleep.  These considerations prove that appearances as such are nothing more than the Sense’s own Sensing. The Nameless, Formless Being is another aspect of the Non-Dual Principle of Consciousness. Non-Duality only seems to become divided into a conscious Subject & its Object.

The Oneness of the Perceiver & the Perceived involves what is commonly called a Sense-datum & its corresponding Sense-organ, between which there is an immediate & inseparable connection.  It is in the nature of the Visual faculty to manifest Shapes & Colors, of the Auditory faculty to manifest Sounds; & so on.  What we take to be an object is the Visibility of Vision, the Audibility of Hearing & the rest.  But no separate Object as such has been cognized.

Now although we habitually take the opposite view, the idea that Sensations are caused by stimuli external to the Senses, that is an illusion: Imagine the sort of World it would be if he had, instead of 5, only 4 Senses, because for example, if he had absolutely no Sense of Touch:  It would certainly not be the same World whose real existence we now take for granted.

Our notion of Objects cannot therefore be separated from the acts of Hearing, Touching, Seeing, Tasting, & Smelling.  Furthermore, analysis of Waking & Dreaming shows that when these 2 states are looked at from the vantage-point of the Consciousness, which is common to both, they are indistinguishable.  The experience of each one is a mental product.  That being so, there is at no time any stimulus external to the Senses.

Between Brain, Sense-Organs & the Outer World, a characteristic phenomenon is that of Projection. Though Sensations are appreciated as the result of changes in the brain-cells, they are felt as if taking place more remotely. Touch is projected to the Skin surface, Taste to the Mouth, while we regard Sight & Sound as coming from the surroundings.  These are, as it were, conventional delusions established in infancy. For, in fact, our Sensations are the mere masks & symbols of Reality, which is filtered through our Sensory recording apparatus.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

[responding to an issue of “questions”]

It is natural that questions arise. That questions may come from a state of unclarity is also natural. If there were clar­ity, the question would not rise to begin with. So, questions are asked out of lack of clarity, & answers are given, for the express purpose of gaining clarity. The purpose of the spiritual instruction & dialogue is to gain the necessary clarity. The answer will be at a level deeper than that at which the question was originally formulated. A question may arise about some activity or about some particular experience. The answer, though, will always be a clarification of one’s Identity. That will remove the false stand assumed by the questioner. Thus, you find a final answer. Other answers may come along the way, but the final answer will always be one that resolves the Identity, the question of “Who am I ?”, in a deeper manner than the level at which the question was originally formulated. The practice is one of Self-Inquiry.

What is being revealed is Being. The Maharshi said, “The only responsibility of a Guru is to reveal his own Existence.” This is what he has been doing all along: revealing just that one Existence. The method used here is Self-Inquiry (vichara atma), which is the very same as the Maharshi taught for all those years on Arunachala.

This Knowledge & this Self-Inquiry are nothing new. You can see the very same enunciated so eloquently by Adi Shankara so many centuries ago. Discrimination, Detachment, the Six Essentials, & the Desire for Liberation are the means. They are being employed all the time here, or they are assumed in the course of dialogue here.

You need to Discriminate. If you do not Discriminate, or Discern clearly, between what is True & what is false, between what is Real & what is not, between who you are & what you are not, you are going to be very unhappy. If you Discriminate, that becomes the Path of Knowledge. You should become
Detached from what you have Discriminated as not-Self.  Likewise is it for the development of Tranquility, Self-Control, Renunciation, Fortitude, Faith, & Deep, profound Meditation.[the 6 essentials recommended by Shankara].

There must be the Desire for Liberation that motivates all of this. There is a seamless consistency between the Means & the End. There is a consistency between learning to Discern what is Real & what is unreal & Realizing what is Real. There is a seamless consistency between Self-Inquiry to find out “Who am I ?” & attaining Self-Realization. Likewise is it for all the aspects of the Non-Dual Teaching. One should not practice in a dualistic context while hoping for Non-Dual Truth. [It would be dualistic to have less than seamless consistency between the Means & the End.]  Rather, take the Unlimited, the Non-Dual Truth, as the basis right from the start.  Every practice is based on That, is aimed toward That, & resolves itself into That [Non-Dual Truth]. Ongoing exposure to the Teaching, just like ongoing Meditation, is recommended. To listen again & again, to reflect again & again, to deeply meditate again & again, & to be absorbed in the continuum of Knowledge within one’s Self are all important.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 79

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 79:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

As the Mind rests more & more in the Self behind it, it is more & more freed from outward imaginings; when imaginings are put away & no residue left, he, enters & becomes the Self.

The Knowledge of the Real by the Eye of clear insight is to be gained by one’s own sight & not by the Teacher’s.

If you observe Consciousness steadily, this Consciousness itself as Guru will reveal the Truth.

Instead of looking outward at Objects, you observe that looking.

The only true & full Consciousness is Consciousness of Consciousness.  Till Consciousness is Consciousness of itself, it knows no Peace at all.

True natural Consciousness which goes not after alien objects is the Heart.  Since actionless Consciousness shines as real Being, it’s joy consist in concentration on itself.

Not all not like other things unreal, but always by its being Real, the Self as permanent Awareness has no other dwelling place than its own radiant Consciousness.

The Self, our Being, is Consciousness.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

As such, Abstract Thoughts & Generalizations, objects of Consciousness are quite distinct from Introversion. An object of Consciousness may be defined as whatever can recur in Memory, for we remember only those things we have known.

But Objects as such are never actually perceived.  Sensory Perception gives us no more than the bare Sensations of Sound, Touch, Sight, Taste, & Smell: it does not present us with ready-made notions of Objects.  How from simple Sensations we form the complex notion of an external World bound by Time, Space, & Causality must be part of our Inquiry.

Regarding how the Notion of an Object arises, Sensory Perceptions give us no more than Sound, Sight, Taste, Smell, & Touch [to include all kinds of cutaneous sensations, prick, pain, temperature, touch & kinesthesia].  This Inquiry has little to do with the aims of academic Physiology & Psychology, its purpose being wholly different from that of empirical Science.  We use Sight as the most general term for Form, Shape, & Color, that is to say, for all that is Visual.

By the bare Sensations of Sound, Touch, Sight, Taste & Smell, the Perceiver is repeatedly & similarly affected by a more or less constant group of Sensations.  He then forms the notion of a specific Object [Particulars Species, 3rd Skandha], or kind of Objects [Abstraction or Generalization, 4th Skandha].

For the Correlation of Sense-Objects & the Senses, .the Seen is inseparable from, & therefore 1 with, the act of Seeing.  Sound is inseparable from, & therefore 1 with, the act of Hearing.  The same stimulus may give rise to Sensations of Sound in the language of the Ears, or of Touch, Sight, Taste, & Smell in the language of the Skin, the Eyes, the Tongue, or the Nose.

But this is not to say that what stimulates Sensory Perception has any real existence apart from its being perceived.  If we abstract from our notion of an independently existing Object the Qualities our Senses have given it, its materiality & objectivity vanish & what remains is Nameless, Formless Being.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

When you make a deep, meditative Self-Inquiry to know your Self, it does not have other things, even in the subtlest form, floating in it. There is just one’s Self, without form & without boundary. If an “I” arises, there is going to be “other.” The “other” might be subtle [mental, astral, etc.], or it might be gross [physical]. It might be other thoughts. It might be other bodies, objects, etc.

If there is an “I” [Ego version] all that may follow. The way is inward. Proceed with an inward turned Mind. What is meant by an outward turned Mind is a Mind that imagines all those things. An outward turned Mind is a Mind that becomes attached to all the outer objects it has itself imagined. So, you are advised, “Turn your Mind inward to find the Truth & to find lasting Happiness.”

An outward turned Mind is a Mind busy projecting a World within itself, much like the way the Mind functions in a Dream State. An outward turned Mind projects an “I” & a “this” & the interactions between them. The Dream State, itself, makes up all the Dream happenings, subjective & objective. In a Dream, you have inner thoughts & you have outer Sensations. Something happens in the Dream, & you have some thoughts about it, & maybe some memories about it later in the Dream. You have the inner side [dream thoughts] & the outer side [dream body]. All that is made up of the Dreaming state of Mind. The Mind functions in the same way in the Waking State. In the Dream, it seems so real. When the Dream is over, you are prepared to say that all of it is unreal. In the Waking State, the case is the same. The Mind functions in the same manner, & while the Waking State occurs, the State & its content seem like they are so real. Upon Self-Inquiry, such turns out to be not so real at all, just like the Dream happenings. An outward turned Mind means one conceiving of all of that within itself, dreaming, of inside & outside, subtle thoughts & gross Perceptions. An inward turned Mind means that which is going to the Source, to the Heart of that “I,” which is revealed not to be an Ego or an Individual, but to be Space-like & Vast, the real Being.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 78

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 78:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The Self, the home of blissful Awareness, is an Ocean vast of Peace serene. And he whose Mind turns inward & dives deep within it, gains the infinite Treasure of its Grace.

The darkness of Illusion never touches the Seer who knows his true identity as Awareness pure, vast as the Sky, bright as the Sun. Only the blind who think they are Bodies suffer from dark Ignorance.

That Heart which truly knows the Self is full of Love whence Bliss Supreme wells up for ever.

With Mind turned inward, drown the World in the great Void, dispel Illusion.  Beholding then the Void as Void, destroy the Void by drowning it in the deep Ocean of Self-Awareness.

Not in one single thing on earth can Happiness be found.  How could the Mind delude itself & think that Happiness can be derived from objects in this World ?

Perfect discernment, born of clear awakening, arises free from doubt. & pure of all  bondage, where there is no propelling power towards delusive Objects, once the division is made between the Real Natures of the Seer & what is Seen.

Transcending every visible object of Sense, fixing the Mind on pure Being, the totality of Bliss, with right intentness within &without, pass the time.

The motion of enticement to Sensual objects is the cause of World-bondage, through Attachment to what is other than Self.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

As human beings, we experience 3 States, Waking, Dreaming & Deep Dreamless Sleep.  The first 2 [Waking & Dreaming] are states of mental activity, characterized by the Duality of a conscious subject & its object.  The 3rd  [Deep Dreamless Sleep] is a State of Non-Duality, characterized by the absence of objective experience & the continued presence of the Real Self, which may be described as Absolute Being, the Principle of Consciousness, & Peace.  The Real Self remains without modification in all 3 States [Waking, Dreaming & Deep Dreamless Sleep] but is beclouded, like the Sun, when Thoughts, Feelings & Sensory Perceptions occur.

The Real Self is not then directly apprehended, but is indirectly experienced through the sense of Personal existence, the consciousness of objects, whether these appear to be physical or mental, & desire, whose ultimate aim is always Desirelessness, that is to say, Unconditioned Peace.

These matters will be examined in the third & fourth parts of this book. Meantime, we must consider the nature of objective experience, that is to say, of Waking & Dreaming experience.  They are “prophetic”, belong to the domain of Duality & are therefore to be classed with other states of Duality.

Objective experience is a blend of Thinking & Feeling.  The nature of Feeling cannot be understood until Thought as such has been fully analyzed.  By a Thought as such, is meant the formal product of cognition, whether Voluntary or Involuntary.  Cognition is either Introversive or Extroversive, that is to say, Subjective or Objective.  Pure Introversion takes us immediately beyond mentation.  This is because a Thought & its Object, whatever that Object may be, are inseparably One.

If, for example, we turn our attention towards Absolute Existence, which is the Real Self, objectivity vanishes & the Thought merges in Non-Duality. And on the other hand, if our attention is turned towards Sensory objects, the awareness of these objects constitutes

It is with this kind of Thought that we are at present concerned. Thought is the name we give to the apparent objectification of Consciousness.  We  speak of Thoughts as though they were real entities, since plain men regard them as such.  Abstract Thought & Generalization are linked to Sensory Perception, for in order to attain Abstraction or Generalization [4th Skandha], we must consider Particulars [3rd Skandha]; & the actual Thought [5th Skandha] that results is always in terms of the Senses [2nd Skandha], no matter how Abstract that Thought may be or by what intuition it may have been arrived at.

As an example, “man” is used denote the characteristics of the human state.  But no sooner is the word apprehended than some kind of visual representation appears, however vaguely, before the Mind’s eye. Similarly, all Abstract notions, whether they refer to qualities, numbers, relations, or concepts, require the support of some object of Sensory Perception, even if it be only a symbol such as a cipher [“number”, not only zero] or a sound.  Abstract Thoughts & Generalizations are therefore the objects of consciousness.  With some people, the reaction may not be Visual, but in any case it is Sensory.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

You have been inquiring into the Illusion for long time. It is about time to inquire into Truth. Everyone has already made a thorough exploration of the unreal. It is not necessary to do more of that. Inquire into Truth. Start with your own essential Existence.  Find out what is true about your Being. Do not halt your inquiry at things that are transient. Physical sensations are transient. Look for Truth more deeply. Your own Body is transient.  No cell in that Body has the meaning of your Life or has the Truth of your Existence contained in it. Set the Body aside as your definition, & try to find out the real Source, or Essence, of your Existence. The more deeply you proceed in this way, the more satisfied you will be. Find your Self, & it is the perfect fullness, which is something no object could ever give you. No object can give you what is actually yours.

Return to the basic Teaching that commences Self-Inquiry. You will find it at the very beginning of the Maharshi’s book, Who Am I ?  Start with the basic question, “Where is Happiness ?” Inquire, “What is the source of Happiness ?” Every being is looking for Happiness, the deep sense of satisfaction, all the time through innumerable varieties of experience. The Maharshi points out that the deepest sense of Happiness is felt in the state of Deep Dreamless Sleep in which there are no objects, no Senses, no thoughts — not even thoughts about all that which has just disappeared & not even a thought about yourself. Yet, you are happiest then. You are at Peace then. He goes on to describe That which existed in a state of Deep Dreamless Sleep as existing right now for you, while you are in the Waking State. The Existence is the same. Something else has been added. That addition has subtracted from your Happiness. So subtract, or negate, that limitation. Become keenly aware of your own Existence as it really is. That is the perfect Fullness.

Calculus for Yogis, part 16:

some other Mathematical wonder items:

Autonomic numbers:               762  =  5776

252  =  625      252  = 390625

1/ 81  = 0.0123456789  0123456789 0123456789 0123456789 0123456789 

Take any three successive Integers:  n, n+1, n+2

Add the digits to a Sum;

Add digits of the Sum to a new Sum & repeat the process.

Always end up with “6”.

The previously seen Factorials [on polynomial series] like n! grow very fast, even faster than Exponentials whose argument is positive and greater than 1 which, which in turn grow faster than most other functions.  There is one well-known approximate form for the Exponential in terms of Logarithms called the Stirling formula:

ln n!   =   ln n      n    +   …

Another function yielding exponentials is the “gamma” function, given in a number of ways such as:

Γ (n)   =   (– 1) !

Γ (z)   =   ∫ xz–1  e–x  dx   , taken from  –  ∞  to  

Γ (1/b/ ba1/b   =   ∫ exp (– axb) dx   , taken from  0  to  

Another instance, out of many, in which Factorials crop up is in elementary Probability.  The number of ways of arranging  n  things, called the Permutation of  n  things, which is given by:

            P(n)  =  n!

Taking subsets within that group & individually counting various arrangements of those subsets is called Combination of  n  things, taken  m  at a time; and this is given by:

            C(n)  =  n!/(n– m!)! !

A common abbreviation for that expression is:           (nm)

Squares, Cubes etc. of “Binomials” [like ( x  +  y)  will yield Polynomials whose Coefficients are given by such Combinations.  For example, in:

( x  +  y)2  =   x2    2  x y   +   y2

the middle: coefficient  2   trivially gives a Combination of 2 things taken 1 at a time, whereas the understood Coefficient  1 before the first & last terms of such Polynomials gives a Combination of   [2]  things taken 1 at a time, & taken  [2]  at a time.

More illustrative is the Cube of a Binomial:

( x  +  y)3  =   x3    3  x2 y    3  x y2  +   y3

wherein the 3 that appears in the 2nd & 3rd term give the number [3] of combinations of 3 things taken 1 at a time, & then again 3 things taken 2  at a time:

( x  +  y)4  =   x4    4  x3 y    6  x2 y2  +   4  x y3  +   y4

In the Binomial taken to the 4th power, the Coefficients  4  appearing twice are Combinations of 4 things taken  1  at a time &  4  things taken 3 at a time.  The middle term  6  is a combination of 4 things taken 2 at a time.

Curiously these Coefficients [& Combinations] can be generated in what is called Pascal’s Triangle.  In Pascal’s Triangle the Apex is a 1 & the next row has 1 & then 1 again, juxtaposed. Thereafter, any given term in the middle is formed by the addition of the term to the upper left asses to that in the upper right. Each row again begins & ends with 1, generating the Pascal’s Triangle in this way:

                                                                         1

                                                             1                      1

                                                 1                      2                      1

                                     1                      3                      3                      1

                         1                      4                      6                      4                      1

             1                      5                      10                    10                    5                      1

1                   6                     15                  20                    15                    6                    1

It turns out that the entries are also the Combinations which can be used it again in Probability, or as the Coefficients in binomials raised to various powers, with the initial First Row [1] trivially describing the Zeroth Order Binomial [ ( x  +  y)0  =  1] & the 1 Combination of 1 things taken  0  or  1 at a time.   Almost as trivial is the next “First” row for the First Order Binomial ( x  +  y)1  &  the Combination of 2 things taken  1  at a time,  & taken  2  at a time.  More meaningful is again the next “Second” row for the Second Order [squared] Binomial ( x  +  y)2   =   x2    2  x y   +   y2  with the Combinations described above; & so on for the Cubed Binomial, etc.

( x  +  y)3  =   x3    3  x2 y    3  x y2  +   y3

( x  +  y)4  =   x4    4  x3 y    6  x2 y2  +   4  x y3  +   y4

( x  +  y)5  =   x5    5  x4 y   +  10  x3 y2    10  x2 y3     5  x y4  +   y5

 ( x  +  y)6    =

 x6    6  x5   +  15  x4 y2  +  20  x3 y3   +  15  x2 y4  +   6  x y5  +   y6    etc

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 77

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 77:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

If without wasting time one starts & keeps up steady Self-inquiry, one’s life becomes at once ennobled, one is no more this wretched Body & there wells up within one’s heart a sea of Bliss Supreme.

Oh mind, you wander far in search of Bliss not knowing your Natural State of Freedom. Your home of infinite Bliss you will regain if only you go back the way you came.

After we have renounced whatever can be renounced, That which abides, &  cannot be renounced, is True Being shining in the Heart, the fount, the flood of Bliss.

A woman with a necklace round her neck imagines it is lost, &  After long search elsewhere touches her own neck &  there finds it; even so, the Self is here within. Probe for it there & find it.

Our Real Being, the Sun that never can see the Darkness of Illusion, knows no trace of pain or suffering. Misery is what one brings upon oneself by fondly thinking that one is the Body, not the Self.

There never is non-being for the Self which is Awareness pure. When relative knowledge ends, when false, conceptual duality is no more, the Self whose Being is Awareness does not cease to be.

When the false notion “I am the Body” dies, what abides is what’s worth having, the vast, bright, silent Void, the Self. Why is it so ?  Because in Truth the only state free from all pain & all desire is pure Self-Being. 

Bliss is the very nature of the Self.  The Self is the infinitude of Bliss.  All Being is but Bliss.  Knowing this firmly, in the Self abide enjoying Bliss for ever. .

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Even if for argument’s sake we admitted the latent existence of thought & the continued manifestation of a Waking-Body in profound Deep Dreamless Sleep, the fact remains that in order to be conscious of Sensations affecting the Waking-Body, we must already be awake.

Mental action is not continuous.  Each Thought, Feeling or Sensory Perception has a beginning & an end.  It follows that between 1 conscious mentation & another there is an Interval.  From the Dualistic point of view, the Interval will appear to be infinitesimally brief.  But in itself, the Interval transcends the notion of Time, Time being experienced only when there is mental activity.  Here there is none & so it normally escapes our attention.  If we try to think of it, the Interval will appear as a state of not-knowing.  Now this periodic suspension of mental activity is identical with Deep Dreamless Sleep, which we thus experience at every other moment, so to say, in the midst of Waking & Dreaming experience.  Non-Duality continues as the background of Duality. It may be compared to the “paper” on which “words” are printed.

Fainting-fits, catalepsy, total anaesthesia, trances in which thought subsides, & the sort of absent-mindedness resemble Deep Dreamless Sleep. That Deep Dreamless Sleep is of short duration relative to the whole period of rest.  It lasts normally from 1 to 3 hours; in the remaining period, objectivity is often present in one form or another.  It should go without saying that this reference to the duration of Deep Dreamless Sleep is valid only from the empirical [apparent] standpoint: it has no meaning from the metaphysical [theoretocal] standpoint.

Trances in which Mind is active, where visions, for example, are seen, or voices heard, no matter of what nature, & whether or not when asked what thoughts we are having, we can only say, “I wasn’t thinking of anything”, are similarly characterized by the absence of Duality.  All these are identical with profound Deep Dreamless Sleep & the Interval between 2 thoughts. Any apparent difference pertains solely to the state of Mind which preceded or followed them.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

You fall asleep, & the body and the senses are not your concern. You still exist, but the body & senses are not your concern. Whoever was existing in Deep Dreamless Sleep is the same one who exists now. Why not become asleep while awake ?  In other words, identify with That which exists still in Deep Dreamless Sleep, unaffected by the pain ?  Your body still has the pain when you are asleep, only your Mind is not attached to it. Sleep is not necessarily an anesthetic, in the sense that it would dull the pain. It is just not in your Mind.

There is no memory of it. If you are deep asleep, memory disappears. You are not only liberated from the body & the senses, you are relieved of your memory, as well. Why not have that state even while awake ?  The one who is without memory, without time, without the body, without the senses, unafflicted by any of that, & quite peaceful in himself is the same one that dwells in you now. You need to know him.  For that purpose, there is Self-Inquiry. It dissolves the obsession with the body, the senses, the memory, & everything else that people imagine gives them so much trouble.  Inquire to know your Self, your real Existence, & you will not be obsessed with anything.  You will be at ease.

Direct experience means without an intermediary. It is not expe­rience that comes from outside.  Indeed, for one who is inquiring there comes the understanding that nothing comes from the outside.

Calculus for Yogis, part 15:

some Probability Calculus:

As in Quantum Mechanical Probabilities, we see Exponential with both Real & Imaginary arguments playing a role in ordinary probabilities such as found in the Gaussian Integral:

f (t)   =   1/f (xest ds   , taken from   ∞   to   +  

Furthermore the pattern of an integral of a product is seen in the Fourier transform of that Gaussian Integral:

F (s)   =   ∫ f (te–st dx   , taken from  –  ∞  to 

When   x appears in the argument of the exponential, there is a surprising appearance of other Transcendental numbers such as π,.  [Another Transcendental number often comes in, one to be soon introduced.]

√π   =   exp (x 2) dx   , taken from  –  ∞  to 

One integral of this type is the easiest of the so-called normal distribution functions, namely the Standard Normal Distribution function:

φ(x)  =  1/ √2π  exp (1/2 x 2)

More generally, the Normal [Bell Curve] Distribution function appears as:

f (x ; μ, σ 2)   =   1/ σ√2  exp [(x–μ/σ√2)2]     with mean [average]  μ

& “Standard Deviation” [square root of Variance]  σ.

This Standard Deviation  σ  is such that outside of 0/3%, virtually all of the probable outcomes in a normal probability distribution are within 3 standard deviations.  In fact 95% are within 2 standard deviations, and more than two thirds of within one standard deviation.  Among other things a standard deviation is the distance from the central peak to the point where there is an Inflection Point of the rapidly downward falling Bell curve, as it switches from Convex Upward to Concave Upward and begins a slower Exponential decline.

When Exponentials with imaginary arguments come in, various wondrous relationships occur for Exponentials, relationships that are staggeringly simple and yet profound, and not ordinarily predictable or explainable.

eiπ  =  – 1                    eiπ/2   =   i

Gaussian Integrals with Imaginary Exponentials also describe Probabilities, as in:

f (x)   =   1/f (xe–i t x dx   , taken from   – ∞   to    

The [variable changing] Fourier Transform of Normal density f ,  mean  μ  &  Std Dev  σ

F (t)    =    f (xe–i t x dx   , taken from   – ∞   to    

=    e–i μ t    exp (1/2(σt)xb)  

The Normal Curve Probability Density function comes back into Quantum Mechanics models where the wave packets, φ(p ) compose:   ψ(x)   as an Integral over possible modes –∞ ==> ∞ , in the manner of  a Fourier Transform:

ψ(x)  =  1/h   ∫ φ(p )eipx /h d

In Quantum Mechanics this “change of variables” from Distance Space to & from Momentum Space, making   p  conjugate variables as appearing in the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 76

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 76:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Those who have made the hardest sacrifice, that of the Ego, have nothing more to renounce.

Unlike the Ego which rises & sets, the true Self abides for ever the same. Turn your back on the false Ego, & so destroy it, & then shine as the one Self alone.

The true light of Awareness pure, subtle, egoless, non—objective, silent, which tires the mind & baffles it till it admits “I know not”, this is Being-Awareness, this the Self.

Here in this earthly life there is no greater good than gaining the grandeur of the Self supreme. To gain it & enjoy it, search within & first destroy the ego false & worthless.

What does one gain, you may well ask, by giving up the wealth immense of worldly pleasure & seeking only mere Awareness ? The benefit of true Awareness is the unbroken prevalence of Peace within the heart, the Bliss of one’s own natural Being.

True clearness, freedom from the mind’s ripples & shadows, this alone is ever-fresh Immortality. By this Awareness pure, by this alone & by no other means, can Death, mere Delusion, end.

Though in this false World one may live on, the ending of both “I”  & “mine” in the clarity of true Awareness void of every doubt, this only is Abidance in the Bliss of being That.

Worth pursuing is Self-Inquiry, worth enjoying is the Self’s Infinitude. Worth giving up is the Ego-sense.  To end all sorrow the final refuge is one’s Source, the Self of pure Awareness.

The deeds we do in Dream touch not our Waking life, but slip away when we awake.  Even so, our deeds done in this clouded Ego-life disappear & leave no trace when we wake up in the divine white Light of Self- awareness.

One whirls & turns, pines in sore pain in this false Dream world, till at last the sleeper in his soft bed wakes up, the bad Dream ends, one feels relieved, untouched, free as the pure white Screen. Such freedom is Self-Knowledge pure.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Unconditioned Being, Non-Dual Consciousness, & perfect Peace, the 3 characteristics of profound Deep Dreamless Sleep correspond to the 3 constituents of individual experience, namely, Life, Thought & Feeling.  But they [the 3 constituents] are no more than aspects of the real Self which must be Single [Non-Dual] & immutable.  They/ It are Single because It observes, & therefore transcends, the variety of objective experience, whenever the latter arises; & immutable because it remains unaffected by the appearance or the non-appearance of that variety of objective experience.

We could not, however, know anything about it if we departed from our Unconditioned State on “seeming” to enter the objective domain.  It follows that Non-Duality continues as the background of Duality.

An objection to our describing 1 aspect of Deep Dreamless Sleep as the state of Unconditioned Being is likely to be raised.  It is that the Mind, though in abeyance, cannot be wholly absent, for otherwise a sleeper could not be roused by Sensations.

The objection implies that what we view as Deep Dreamless Sleep, from the standpoint of Duality, is the experience of a “sleeper”, that the subject of the subject-object relationship [a necessarily Bootstrapping or Dependent Origination relationship] remains, in fact, even when there is no objectivity.  The objection  assumes, moreover, that the Waking-Body persists in Deep Dreamless Sleep.

But do others not see it ?  Now other bodies, like our own, are notions that belong to the particular state of mental activity at present being experienced [the Waking-State].  If others observe some response to a stimulus in what they see as a “sleeper’s” Body or Brain, they do so as a part of their Waking experience.  They tell us so as a part of our Waking experience.

But when we are having no objective experience, there are no bodies & therefore no “others”. The objection is therefore mot valid: what seemed to be a problem is merely a confusion of standpoints.  From the standpoint of Duality, experience must always seem to be personal & thus to be connected with someone’s Body; but from that of Non-Duality, there is no Personality & consequently no “sleeper” & no sleeping-Body. The objection is refuted.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

That which truly is never ceases to be; that which ceases never actually is.

That which truly exists never changes; that which  changes never truly exists.

That which is  changeless is without destruction; the  indestructible is only that which is without creation.

The Unborn is the  undying; the unchanging is alone Being which never changes its nature. The Self ever is just as it is.

There is no time when Being is altered. There is no time when you are not the Self.

Immutable Being is Peace itself.  Being alone knows itself, the “I”-less “I” realized as “I”, forever undefined, the only Existence, the only Knowledge, the only Knower.

Thus is Brahman, Absolute Reality, always present, unmarred  perfection, the unformed Void, attribute-less Being, ever itself just as it is. The only identity, only  Reality, Being alone knows itself.

[more “Calculus for Yogis” is forthcoming]

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 75

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 75:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Unless, by one means or another, Mind dies out & certitude from true Self-recognition comes, the knowledge which mere learning brings is like the horse’s horn unreal.

When Ego ends, then one becomes a devotee true; when Ego ends, one becomes a knower too; when Ego ends one becomes Being supreme. When Ego ends, Grace fills all Space.

Since every vice springs from the false pleasures of swerving from the Self, the plentitude of virtue is the perfect Peace of pure Awareness following the end of the Ego which is by such false pleasures fed.

When the Ego-life dissolves & dies in Silence, then one lives the Life Supreme of Pure Awareness. When the false Ego, dream-like, fades into its source, the true Self rises of its own accord.

Great Knowers recognize no other Bondage than the rising movements of the Mind & they find true release nowhere but in the total death, leaving no trace behind, of every movement of the Mind.

The false Dream ends when we wake up. Even so, the Ego dies when the Sun, the true I, rises. Ego’s destruction by strong Self-inquiry is what is known as Self-attainment.

Only for those free from all sense of Doership the bliss of tranquil peace shines pure within. For the Ego proud is the sole evil seed whence spring all known calamities.

Whether one is or one is not engaged in work, one gains the state of non-action only when the Ego with its proud delusion “I am the doer” has died & disappeared.

The bright Awareness, our true Being, is the sole Truth the Heart should cherish. The triads we perceive should be despised & driven away as dreams created by the treacherous mind.

Beside the Self nothing in truth exists. But then the deep Delusion that the Body is oneself makes one let go the solid, non-dual Bliss of Immortality & fall into Birth & Death.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

Deep Dreamless Sleep may best be defined as that state in which the seeming duality of subject & object has disappeared.  Its negative characteristic is the absence of mental activity, a term that includes thinking, feeling, & Sensory Perception.  From its own standpoint, however, Dreamless sleep must be positive, for we cannot experience mere negation: & then the absence of mental activity is not its true characteristic.  It follows that when we talk of Deep Dreamless Sleep, of the absence of mental activity, & say upon Waking that we slept soundly & knew nothing, we are viewing it solely from the standpoint of duality, by comparison with which sleep is a state of not-knowing.

It follows, moreover, that none of the positive terms that apply to our Waking & Dreaming experience can be applied literally to our experience of Deep Dreamless Sleep.  There are, nevertheless, three positive aspects of Deep Dreamless Sleep, the knowledge of which will enable us to recognize its true nature.

The first relevant aspect of Deep Dreamless Sleep appears plainly from the fact that we do not cease to exist when asleep, though all objective, individual experience has vanished.  It must be this:  profound Deep Dreamless Sleep, in itself, is the state of Unconditioned Being. In Dreamless sleep there remains a principle transcending qualities or accidents, these pertaining to objectivity.

The second relevant aspect of Deep Dreamless Sleep follows from the fact that on Waking  we are conscious of having slept soundly, though absence as such can never be experienced.  It must be this: profound Deep Dreamless Sleep, in itself, is the state of Non-Duality. The principle of Consciousness remains.  If I place a pen in the palm of my hand & ask someone to tell me what he sees, he will answer that he sees a pen.  Suppose now that I put the pen down & again ask him what he sees.  In 9 cases out of 10, he will answer, “Nothing”, when in fact he sees the palm of my hand. So is it with Deep Dreamless Sleep.

One seems to assume the duality of a conscious subject & its object. The third relevant aspect of Deep Dreamless Sleep is proven by the confidence with which we look forward to the enjoyment associated with sound Deep Dreamless Sleep; & also by the feeling of an actual deprivation when we suffer from insomnia. It must be this: profound Deep Dreamless Sleep, from its own standpoint, is the state of Self-contentment. When desire & the objects of desire have vanished with the cessation of mental activity, what remains is the positive import of desirelessness.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Immortality is complete Happiness, for the essence of both is the same, & only that which is unending is complete. The transitory is not complete, & that which is Suffering is not Eternal. The Realization of the Self is blissful Immortality. It is Abidance in & as That which has no beginning or end. The desire for Happiness & Immortality are the same. They come from the same intuition of Truth of the Self. Only Abidance as the Self, which is the Reality, fulfills both.

The Self is That which has no beginning or end & is That which is Real or truly existent. The Self is changeless. Whatever has a beginning or a change & an end is unreal. The “being unreal” may be understood as being utterly non-existent, or as the Existent entirely mis-perceived. To experience blissful Immortality, one must realize the Existence of the Self as it really is; one must abide as the beginningless & endless, as the changeless. The Knowledge of the Self is the Knowledge of the Eternal, the unchanging, & the completely blissful. It is the Knowledge of Reality. This is the only true Perception. To see anything else is to see the non-existent. That is Ignorance. Ignorance is composed of assumptions & superimpositions. It is the non-perception of Reality & the mis-perception of Reality. That displays itself as the non-seeing of Real, Non-Dual Being & the hallucination of Duality or Multiplicity. The knowing of anything, be it gross (physical) or subtle (mental, etc.), without the Knowledge of the Self, is simply diversified Ignorance, or diversified Illusion. In the Knowledge of Reality of the Self, there remains neither Multiplicity nor Duality, nor anything else.

One Formless Existence is with no differentiation whatsoever. One Formless Existence appears as if it were all this multiplicity. All the multiplicity is only the one Formless Existence imagined as such.

To realize the Truth, for the Truth to be Self-revealed, one should abandon Ignorance, multiplicity, the transitory, & the illusion of form, & abide as the Formless, which is Real, Non-Dual, & ever-existent. This Abidance is Knowledge. The destruction of Illusion means the destruction of Ignorance regarding the Self, or the destruction of mis-identification. Such is the destruction of Suffering & the end of Death. This is blissful Immortality. It is simply the vanquishing of Ignorance. By the Truth being revealed within, mis-identifications, or superimpositions are destroyed. By the destruction of mis-identifications, or superimpositions, Truth is revealed within.

[more “Calculus for Yogis” is forthcoming]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 74

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 74:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Pure Being, our Self-nature, That alone exists eternally. Apart from That, all objects we perceive are clusters of illusive appearances that come & go, while That, unmoving & unchanged, abides the same forever.

Ignorance will not be eradicated except in those who, through the power of Self-Inquiry conducted assiduously within the heart, have attained the victorious absolute vision in which the whole panoply of manifestation is transcended, being seen as a mere Cinema show.

The infinite variety of false & treacherous modes of existence are merely brightly colored images appearing as if in a Mirror.  We must realize that the false & treacherous identification of the “I” with the Body is the seed from which these appearances arise to ensnare us, & we must reject it with disdain.

That which is spoken of as the Life of life itself is the true Life; That other “life” is merely the Body. That illusory knowledge mediated by the Senses is nothing but Delusion. The pure Consciousness that underlies it alone is true consciousness.

So long as one retains a trace of Individuality, one is a seeker still, & not a true seer effort free, even though one’s penance & one’s powers may be wonderful indeed.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

We require no more time to think of any particular event in the Waking state than we do to Dream of it.  But if we can thus divide the Waking-state into thinking & the Perception of tangible objects, we must apply the same distinction to the Dream-state, for to the Dreaming subject, his experience is also one of Waking, divisible in the same manner, with 2 distinct standards of time. Thus, there is no necessary variance between thinking & Dreaming as regards our experience of Time.

These considerations have helped to establish the equivalence of thinking & Dreaming: both are states of mental activity.  If any difference in detail can be discovered, it is no more than the difference between one mode of thought & another.  We have seen that thinking, feeling & the Perception of tangible objects are activities common both to Waking & Dreaming experience, each being viewed from its own standpoint.

But on entering the Waking-state, a Dream is found to have been a mental product in every one of its aspects; & yet to the Dreamer the so-called Dream-state was one of Waking.  What reasons have we to suppose that the present Waking-state is anything but a mental product, just like a Dream ?

Tangible objects have no independent existence. They exist as notions in the perceiver’s Mind; & thus between Mind & Matter the distinction is unreal, as it is also between the thought & the Perception of a tangible object.  To be awake has no meaning & there is no Waking-state: it is all a Dream.  But a Dream, so called only from the standpoint of an inexistent Waking-state, is also a misnomer.

Look at Dreaming & Waking from the vantage point of the single, immutable, & conscious Self which pervades & illuminates all our objective experience.  There being no essential difference between one state of objective experience & another, one term serves equally to describe all states in which the Mind is active.

Waking & Dreaming are states of mental activity, whose characteristic is the presence of a knower & a known, or a thinker & a thought, the one being conscious of the other.  Mental activity is therefore to be defined as the state of Duality, the Duality of Subject & Object, Seer & Seen.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Observing Life & Death, those who desire to be free of Death should seek the immortality of the Self, using that same desire be free of Death to find Liberation. Find clarity regarding the desire to endure, & thus turn this innate desire into the desire for Self-Realization. This Realization alone can fulfill that innate desire. Those who perceive mortality, feel the urge to find something that does not die. They recognize that everything in the World is perishable. Therefore what they seek must be found within in a way that transcends what is physical. They see that it is futile to be attached to that which is only going to pass away sooner or later, so seek spirituality for immortality. This immortality is to be found in the Self. Abidance as the Self is Knowledge of the Self. An Inquiry into the knowledge of Immortality reveals that Bliss & Immortality are the same & that both are realizable by Knowledge.

As a result of comprehending the Non-Dual Teaching, one is liberated from the illusory connection to the Body & what is mortal. The fusion of the desire for Happiness & the desire to exist results in one being endowed with a singular focus upon Self-Realization. This enables one to practice the Inquiry to know the Self with the power of undistracted

Fullness & Perfection, the unceasing Bliss, reside in That which neither rises nor sets, which neither begins nor ceases. The experience of Happiness is connected with the desire for Eternity. No one desires a Happiness that will cease. Rather, the desire is for Happiness that will not cease & is forever. The desire for Immortality is as strong as the desire for Happiness. The 2 are inextricably woven together. Just as no one wishes to be unhappy, so no one wishes to cease to exist, though one may wish objective appearances, such as the Senses, the Body, & the Thoughts to cease. All with to continue forever. This is an intuition of the true nature of Existence.

The desire to exist cannot be fulfilled externally in bodily forms. The true state of Being, when it is unrealized & delusion is present, manifests as the desire for this or that to last. Realized, the Self itself is the un-born & the un-dying. The Self abides in the state of imperturbable Peace, completely detached & non-dependent on anything else. The Self is transcendent of the entire Universe for all Time. The desire to endure springs from the deepest & it is fulfilled solely by realizing the deepest, which is the eternal Existence of the Self.

[more “Calculus for Yogis” is forthcoming]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 73

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 73:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Know that these countless things are pictures in a Dream & none is real apart from the beholder. Shun this phantom World of names & forms & dwell in the pure, blissful being of Awareness.

One forgets the Self & thinks the Body is oneself & goes through innumerable Births & in the end remembers & remains the Self.  Know this is only like awaking from a Dream wherein one has wandered all over the World.

Destroying through Discrimination the basic error that I am the Body, an object, & rejecting it & the World as mere mirages false, the Awareness that surviving shines alone as Being, That am I.

When one now deeming oneself the Mind & wandering lost amid phenomena, wakes up from this Dream-spectacle & remerges in the Self & stands as That, this is the inwardness of Yoga true.

The Universe out there appears when scanned.  But when not scanned, it disappears. Turning away from this, search keenly for the Self within the heart, & think no more of birth.

Seen through the eye of our true Being which is Awareness pure, Supreme, what we call “Birth” is but the folly of thinking that one is the Body which forms a poor part of this entirely false phenomenal World.

Until the Snake-illusion goes, its ground, the real Rope, will not be recognized.  Until the World of false phenomena disappears, the Self, its ground, will not shine clear.

Based on the Teachings of a great Sage:

The Waking-state is commonly held to consist of thinking & feeling in the presence of tangible objects. Tangible objects are perceived through the 5 organs of Sensory Perception.  These organs we shall call collectively the bodily Senses.

The Dream-state, from the standpoint of the Waking, consists only of thinking & feeling.  But the Dreamer has no idea that he is dreaming, for according to his experience, tangible objects are also perceived. Thus the Dream-state is definable in exactly the same terms as the Waking.

When we compare the 2 states, each being viewed from its own standpoint, no difference can be found.  A difference appears, however, when we consider Dreams from the standpoint of Waking, according to which Waking alone is a real experience.  On Waking, we know that the Dream-world, together with the Dream-Body whose Senses perceived it, were products of the Mind. The question then arises whether the Waking-man’s thoughts & the Dreamer’s whole experience are not equivalent.

Thinking is supposed to differ from Dreaming on several scores, notwithstanding our knowledge that both are mental.  First, Dreams are said to derive, & not to be distinct, from Waking experience.  If so, this would apply equally to the thoughts that occur in the Waking-state.

Second, some Dreams are said to derive from a latent store of impressions which contemporary Psychology calls the Subconscious Mind. Granting the existence of a Subconscious Mind, so do some thoughts.

Third, the Dream-Body & the Dream-Mind are said to do or think things the Waking-Body & the Waking-Mind cannot. This is true in respect of bodies but not in respect of thoughts.  I can imagine, as I may Dream, that my Body is flying.  I can imagine that I meet & talk with the dead or with people unknown to me in my Waking experience; & that these are events in this or in other Worlds & in this or in other eras, just as I may Dream that they are.  Moreover, I can imagine, as I may Dream, that my Body is in another condition of health & age, or that my Mind is differently disposed in one way or another.

Fourth, while thinking in the Waking-state may appear at times to be deliberate & at others involuntary, Dreaming, from the waiter’s standpoint, must always appear to be involuntary. This is a confusion, for if the Dream-state is entered involuntarily, so is the Waking-state.  But in Dreaming as well as in Waking, we may seem to choose our thoughts.

Fifth, it is supposed that events occurring in Dreams would occupy less time than similar events if they occurred in Waking experience.  This is to equate the standard of Time in our Perception of tangible objects to that in our thinking about them when there.  From the standpoint of Consciousness, what is not now its Object does not now exist.  Subconscious Mind can only be regarded as a contradiction in terms.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

As long as there is the notion of “I”, there will be the conception of “this.”  Between “I” & “this,” all Illusion spreads out.  How do you determine “this”, whatever “this” is ?  You determine “this” by the position of “I”.  Know yourself as you are.  What you are is Invariable.  All of the time, there is the sense of Existence & the intuitive knowledge of it.  What, though, do you attribute to that Existence ? What is superimposed upon it ?  How is that Existence Mis-identified & keeps changing ?  In Ignorance, one does not notice that Existence & so one takes the changeful Form to be the unchanging Reality.  True Self-Inquiry clears that up.  Without bringing any new attainment, or producing something, which would then decay & perish, Self-Inquiry reveals what is Real.

What is Real ever is, & what is unreal never is.  The great, deep Silence of the Maharshi, & in ancient times, of Dakshinamurti, is a revelation of just that — “the Reality ever is.”  If we need to explain more: ‘The unreal never is.”  The Silence is indicative, in an overpowering way—overpowering because there is nothing other than it—that there is nothing than it & that there is just one solitary Kaivalyam [aloneness], just one Existence, just one Brahman, or the Real Self

Ideas that “take you out of Meditation” do not “come back”, but rather you conjure them up maintain them. You can also take them [the “Meditation-derailing” ideas] down. You lend them their reality. Otherwise, not only would they be of no effect, but they would cease to exist for you.  Binding, delusive thoughts would not only not matter, they would cease to exist, if the Mis-identification, which prompted such bewildered ways of thinking, would cease to exist.

If you Mis-identify, you become accustomed to a certain pattern of thinking, a certain tendency, or Vasana [karmic residual Tendency]. If you dis-identify, having cut off the root, where will the rest of the vasana-plant be ?  If there is no seed, there is no sprout.  If you take away its birthplace, it [Vasana karmic residual Tendency] will not grow.

What the Maharshi is talking about when he talks about the Pearl Diver who must Dive Deep, down to the root, in the Sea, is to go deep into your Self.  Find what you are Mis-identifying with, & Inquire to see if that is Who you really are.  When you are reading the scriptures, old texts, & sayings of the Maharshi—some source of deep Wisdom—your Mind is lifted out of all of that, is it not ?  Is it just a change of superficial thought or does something else occur ?

Something deeper than just a change of superficial thought occurs.  Look in & at the Self, looking as the Self.  So, you are looking to the Self, or as the Self or both. There is a depth regarding the nature of your Identity. Later, something [a Vasana karmic residual Tendency] intervenes.  It is not given to you.  You conjure it up. It is not by accident. See what it is that you conjure up. Trace it to its root.  Dissolve the root by Knowledge. It is not merely your Body becoming active or going about your daily affairs that causes Ignorance.  However, the idea that you have daily affairs [& a Body] might be worthwhile questioning, because the “I” that has daily affairs & the “I” you are finding when you are reading Ribhu Gita or reading the Maharshi or reading some other Text or Scripture are not the same “I” are they?  Yet, there is only One of you.  You are not a plurality. Determine What you are.

[more “Calculus for Yogis” is forthcoming]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 72

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 72:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

The World, like Snake in Rope, thief in a Stump, Mirage in air, has no real existence. Seeming to be, mere appearance, is its nature.

The World that hides the Self is but a Dream. When the phenomenal World is hidden by the Self’s bright light, Awareness pure, the Self, abides.

The nature of this Mind-created World, now seen in Dream-light dim, is truly known only in that bright Being-Awareness which transcends the Mind’s illusion.

Some assert, “This World before our eyes lacks permanence, ’tis true but it is real while it lasts.” We deny it saying, “Permanence is a criterion of Reality.”

Some argue, “Though divisible & split up into parts, the World we know so well, how could it be unreal ?” We refute it, saying, ”Wholeness too is a criterion of Reality.”

The Wise can no how deem as real a World divided & destroyed by Time’s wheel. Whole, eternal, perfect, ever-shining & transcending Time & Space, such is the nature of Reality.

Only mad folk perplexed because they deem the false World to be real find joy in this illusion. The truly Wise find joy in nothing but Awareness which is Being.

What is the Self’s self-transformation as the World ? A twist of straw appearing as a snake ? Look hard, you see no snake at all. There was no Transformation, no Creation, none, no World at all.

Did the Self lapse from its own wholeness as Being, you ask, “How else did this World come to be ?” It came from Ignorance false. The Self can never suffer any change at any time.

Vast, whole, immutable, the Self reflected in the Mind’s distorting mirror may appear to move. Know that it is the image moving, the true Self never moves or changes.

How can the dark, delusive sense of separateness affect the Self which is Non-Dual? It is the Mind’s divisive vision which sees difference. Awareness knows no separateness at all.

Those who forget the harm the false World there before us does, & cling to it as real & comfortable, mistake, alas, a floating bear for a boat only to be crushed & drowned in the Sea of Birth.

Fine-Tuned Universe 52:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

For:     [U]   =  a Universe

[E]   =  our Existence

[I]   =  our Intelligence

The single data-point of our Presence does not allow us to choose between the 2 Speculations. On the other hand, we might have effectively “zeroed-down” that “lo”to vanishingly small, which is to effectively to cast a Contra-Positive of the original generic Hypothesis:

n [I][U]   ==>  n[I][E]

But that Conclusion is contradicted by the simple fact of our being here so such a Contra-Positive could NOT hold True. Converting this back to the original again, which must be equivalent, suggests that:

[I][E]   ==>  [I][U]

is similarly False. But our statements concern Truths rather than Falsehoods, & loosely at that, & yet even this reasoning is suggestive of the disconnect between our single data-point & any Universal conclusion. [Contra-Positives can be less intuitive, like double-negatives, but they can clarify some vague issues. Our Presence suggesting Life elsewhere “sounds” reasonable. But if we check the Contra-Positive we see that no failure to find Life elsewhere will ever convince US that We do not exist. Therefore, we best be cautious about using our Presence to imply Life elsewhere any further than that it “could happen.” Further examination then must focus on whether necessary conditions in the Universe are hard to come by, & how hard,]

Bostrom further extends this issue by multiplying our single data-point by an (even larger) finite number of other earthlike planets in the Universe with intelligent life. To consider 1st a weakly informative scenario, he conceives of widespread telepathic ability (which some actually attribute to plants*[1] on a cosmic level). Putting out the “call” we hear back, just as SETI might by more conventional radio waves: “yes intelligent life has evolved here.” The quality of that new information would improve if we could count the Number of planets so responding, or ever able to respond. But once more we are only hearing from the “winners” and not from perfectly earthlike planets in vast numbers who may be without Intelligent Life.

On the other hand again, if all telepathic or radio respondents specifically affirm somehow that that their planets are actually earthlike, & none of a larger sample replied affirming other planet-types, then more again is learned. With increasing numbers involved in the latter versions, we could begin to Probabilistically rule out intelligent life evolving on non-earthlike planets.

LP Epistemically Illuminated Regions:

When the Philosopher examines Anthropic Principles he may specify some conceptual boundaries, or at least some terminology not always included in a Physicist’s discussion. For one thing, the Philosopher seeks to determine in each case an Epistemically illuminated region within the possible or conceivable range of some parameter value. For instance, to take a simple example, Temperature. How hot, or how cold must it be. to rule out the possibility of Life as we known it (which does admit some extremes) & in what narrower range Intelligent Life (being of necessarily greater complexity however it is configured)? In fact, an Intelligent LifePermitting range is usually the only one of immediate interest (evolution of simpler forms could hold promise for the Future, should conditions, like Temperature, also change over Time so as to enter the narrower Intelligent LifePermitting range). But since the former, more immediate & narrow case of Intelligent LifePermitting is a big enough conundrum to bite off & chew for now, Intelligent LifePermitting is actually the default sense in which LifePermitting or LP is generally meant.

Then, an Epistemically illuminated region in terms of LP further specifies the limits of our knowledge & imagination, especially if we admit Silicon-based, Boron-based, Nitrogen-based, & other conceivable but not necessarily feasible modes of Life, along with Carbon-based variations now familiar. Strong arguments tend to rule out all but Carbon-based or C-based Life reaching the complexity of LP as in Intelligent LifePermitting. But these are all issues in setting the confines of an Epistemically illuminated region within the range of a given Parameter. One practical detail concerns LP Physical Constants that we are already aware of. For familiar C-based Intelligent Life, just what do we observe as some finite local region around actual value of Constant that is observed? Do we see a finite region of possible variance, & finite regions of actual & tolerable variance already observed? For instance, if we see as LP the Celsius Temperatures between 50 to + 50 hypothetically, we might also imagine a wider  possible range of say 55 to + 60. All numbers being purely hypothetical values, those were chosen for simplicity. Robin Collins, (theistic) Philosopher, divides Anthropic Principles into 3 broad categories &and rules on their viability after considerable philosophical & scientific argument, these being:

(1)  Intelligent Design Argument, be it Theistic, some more abstract Deist principle of Nature, etc., or attributable to aliens, Future time-travelers, or VR and such Design (for short & to distinguish from less rigorous religious-political uses of the same term) That Argument is defensible on its own terms (one cannot simply unilaterally declare a Physicalist Universe & dismiss dissent although that is the norm rather than the exception throughout Philosophy & Science).

(2)  Ensemble Argument, of a kazillion universes (as isolated regions of 1 Infinite or virtually so) Universe, or as a Multi-Verse. Universes “bubbling off” an M-brane & other exotic bootstrapping appear in some models. Cosmogenesis deriving Quantum Fluctuations, Quantum Many-Worlds, or a serial sequence of alternating Big-Bangs & Crunches echoing across essentially beginningless & endless Time. Any such Ensemble Argument is defensible, however fantastic, because any Long Odds will come home to roost eventually if you bet endlessly. Our 13.7 Billion year Universe may be old enough to support Cosmic & Biological Evolution, or not. But the number of bets taken in any of these Ensemble Arguments render Cosmic & Biological Evolution trivial by comparison, to say the least. If a Cray Super-Computer should attempt to electronically “write”, in conventional decimal form, the number of Eons needed to count the KazillionUniverses in such an Ensemble, the poor machine could not even scratch out a beginning in a Universe-life-so-far of 13.7 Billion years for instance. The numbers of Universes discussed are so fantastic that it may well be hubris to take this projection in stride. And yet the same decry any admission of Deity, Consciousness, or even Mind as so far, far more fantastic as to be rejected out of hand. But so again is it throughout Philosophy & Science, with the typical “proof” being: just look at how dumb  &  inconsistent are the Fundamentalist Christians. Is that a complete Argument?

(3)  Brute Chance Argument, being the off-handed dismissal of both Design  & Ensemble Arguments as needless hypotheses. Something had to happen, & the way things came out is the way things came out, period, Long Odds be damned. These adherents just have to include some great customers for the convenience-store Lottery ticket sales. Robin Collins for one, goes at length to rule Brute Chance or Brute Fact as he calls it. He later argues at length against Ensembles, an arduous effort we will only touch base with here. If his narrowing the field of 3 categories to the 1 category of Design should hold water, then one last rhetorical questions remains. What’s more fantastic, aliens, Deist-Theist-Consciousness based Design alternatives, Time-travelers, or Future VR Sim  programmers?

Details to follow soon later on, but suffice it for the moment to say that Surprisingness in the Bostrom sense depends for one thing on Relative Fine-Tuning or Selection of LP parameter values when the allowed Range is divided by the entire plausible or possible range. Temperatures in the Universe, for instance, vary enough that it is fair to say that Earth is currently Fine-Tuned in LP Temperature as might numerous other Earth-like and possible LP planets. So here with Temperature we have Fine-Tuning but no great Surprisingness in itself. But Surprisingness further relies on compounded probabilities (like the cheating gambler who will 11 consecutive Lotteries). Temperature Fine-Tuning then may play a component role in an immense chain of compounded probabilities that is Surprising enough to “demand an Explanation (Design or Ensemble, since Brute Chance is just the denial of that “demand” for Explanation). Flipping a Heads, H on a Coin-Toss is not Surprising, being 50%, but the compounded probabilities of an Octillion H’s in a row could be found to have the Surprisingness on 1 Chance in a Kazillion (of course an artificial term for an unthinkably large number).

However, if some other Parameter, let us say allowable magnetic field for the sake of discussion, exhibited an LP Range that was ¼ th of its total possible Range [none of this hypothetical really makes sense] then Surprisingness drops put right there on the issue of Relative Range even if the actual or Absolute Range happened to seem very small (plus or minus a few micro-webers or whatever). This hypothetical Parameter could then be dropped from the Fine-Tuning discussion, even as a relatively significant component of compounded probabilities, & so it is for ever so many LP characteristics we might conjure up in our imagination. But then after all the weeding out of the irrelevant, compounded probabilities & Surprisingness of Fine-Tuning for LP Parameters remains remarkable, to say the least.

Bland & Restricted Principles of Indifference:

Bland Indifference can describe the “living in denial” categorized within Psychological Compartmentalization, which in the extreme is the Borderline Psychotic defense against Cognitive Dissidence or disturbing contradictions encountered in Life. As Nick Bostrum used the terms when discussing his Sim-Arg, the Principle of Bland Indifference has another statistical meaning related to the Conclusion of the Subject in Leslie’s Gender Scenario where the Female places her bet with the bigger numbers, regardless of other considerations. If a given century involved 5,000 Females (vs. only 3) in the Project, than Odds are, she lives in that century. This allegiance to the numbers, no matter what, is her Bland Indifference, so to speak.

Generally, by the Bland Indifference Principle we should reason such that if we don’t have any Information that indicates that our own particular experiences are any more or less likely than other human-type experiences, then these experiences should be dismissed from the Reference Class in determining our Credence about a given Probability [a neo-Copernican principle].  furthermore, that Credence generally equals the sheer Probability Numbers, if lacking special detailed information.

[That’s why it looked like the Credence version of the 3 Bearded Men scenarios looked that same as the earlier Probability-based. They were the same. It was a needed repeat but only with the Credence instead of the Probability. Added was the note that New Information could temper the Credence or Belief, thus distinguishing it from Probability. Credence held more promise for fixing the Adam & Eve paradoxes, which scenario compares to some Anthropic Principle  issues.]

One common retort would be the Napoleon Case for instance. No matter how many crazy people think they are Napoleon, Napoleon’s own grounds for thinking he is Napoleon are different, & the existence of those crazy people shouldn’t undercut his self-confidence. The Bland Indifference Principle suggests that if 1 Million crazy people have thought they are Napoleon, and if hypothetically Napoleon knows this statistic, then Napoleon himself should only believe he is Napoleon with a Credence of 1 in a Million. But to be less “bland” in one’s “indifference” for Napoleon is to recognize his uniquely special reasons for confidence in his self-identity (memories, peer agreement, etc.) & rely not just on Numbers.

The whole gamut of Credence “re-consideration” arguments included in Bostrom’s monographs can be readily turned around to support Solipsism, Design, & even “re-consideration” of one’s true Non-Dual Identity. Furthermore, within the Sim-Arg   & Anthropic Principles themselves, numerous thought-provoking surprises can tend to awaken the Mind from its diurnal sleep-walk called the WakingState

In any case, Robin Collins speaks similarly in terms of a Restricted Principle of Indifference which has the same egalitarian democracy of Numbers, all in an acceptable range being deemed equally probable. But if we have other Information (like Napoleon has) to prefer certain Numbers or ranges, we can modify our position. Whether it be arguments by Bostrom or Collins, the net result of this or these principle(s) is to display due diligence against Special Pleading, & instead to favor Objectivity & conservative limits. When still making the Argument within these bounds, the Conclusion is all the more convincing. Various other good points are made by Collins (& of course other authors as well), just one other for now, being his refutation of blanket Agnosticism applied to Anthropic Principle issues.

Collins reminds the reader that Agnosticism can be claimed when one has “no idea” regarding the Probabilities, & not just obvious ignorance of the precise, specific value of a given Probability [or because the claim is convenient]. Both Collins & Bostrom, & others speak in terms of Credence & less-than (<)  &  greater-than (>) inequalities where landslide quantities allow reliable estimation of over-whelming likelihood or unlikelihood. The general range of Probabilities has to be well known as quite vast in these cases. There remains no comfort-zone of Agnosticism here. One must pick a side: Design, Ensemble, or Brute Chance. [And to clarify the obvious for the unfamiliar reader: Ensembles of Kazillions of Universes are “necessary” for the logical [vs. illogical Brute Chance] Scientific Realist. One can only believe super-incredible Coincidence is “coincidence” with a whole lot of Tries available.]

[1]   Secret Life of Plants   from earlier studies, speculations, and claims over recent centuries by Jagdish Chandra Bose, George Washington Carver, and Corentin Louis Kervran, a skeptical retired detective, Grover Cleveland Backster (Cleve Baxter as it is sometimes misspelled) had turned amateur “botanist” when applying his Polygraph equipment to Plants in a small Lab he ran in the suspicious locale of Times Square (ala Nikolai Tesla, the “mad scientist” before him) and like Tesla (not associated with plants but only with Times Square), Jagdish Chandra Bose, George Washington Carver, and Corentin Louis Kervran, Baxter was “buried” in cynical criticism and laughter. Soviet Scientists did considerably more of this same research, and Japanese research institutes did much more. All of the foregoing named (except Tesla) claimed unassailable evidence that Plants, at some distance, telepathically responded to Human emotions and even thoughts, in their own electrical  “emotional” responses, as if responding to the tome (the “vibes”) of those Human emotions and thoughts without necessarily dissecting detailed meaning. Most recent “advances” in this area have Archeologists , ascribing to a few diverse ancient cultures the use of certain Plants to telepathically communicate with “other star systems” and perhaps “other galaxies.” All of this is left without comment for the reader’s perusal if interested, with the disclaimer of any other judgment or opinion here. We have bigger fish to fry here and try (sometimes unsuccessfully) out of controversial, incredible topics without direct relevance. Picking other battles and moving on we will try to side-step ESP. Parapsychology. UFO’s, Conspiracy theories, and politics in general. The taint of the Plant story likely deprived (along with the same racism that greeted Carver) Jagdish Chandra Bose from a Nobel Prize for his other eminent work. Let’s go one further and dare ourselves to just look at Soviet and US Parapsychology research supporting very unpopular hypotheses that Human thoughts and emotions can, at a distance, affect Petri-dish Cells, Ice crystals, and Minerals. (???)

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

In the book, Who am I ?, the Maharshi points out this fact regarding the Self. At the commencement of the text, alter describing the negation of every kind of mis-identification starting with the Body, including Prana or Life Energy, & proceeding to the Mind & all else he says, “The Awareness that remains is of the nature of Being-Consciousness-Bliss.”  That is, it is not individualized, it is not embodied, & it is not of Name & Form.  That Awareness is the Formless, attributeless, eternal Truth, & that is the real nature of the Self, which is who you are. It is this that you experience if you deeply Inquire within yourself, “Who am I ?”

The Upanishads. also speak of the Self as Sat-Chit­Ananda, Being-Consciousness-Bliss. The same Upanishads also refer to it as Truth-Knowledge-Infinity [Satyam Jnanam Anantam both comparable to Satyam Shiva Sundarum, the True, the Good, the Beautiful].

Truth-Knowledge-Infinity. Truth is what is, & Truth is something that always is. To find the Truth, look to that which is ever existent, which is something without Birth or Death, Creation or Destruction.  When you Inquire within yourself to know Truth, you are looking for that which actually isTruth, or Reality, is that which is & which is ever-existent & which must be changelessly so. I f it is not ever-existent, it would be true at one time & false at another.  And Truth cannot be false at any time.  What Truth is, always is.  If it would change in the least degree, it would be a “truth” that forms admixtures with what is false.  If though, what you find is True, it never mixes with anything else, because of its invariable nature & because there is nothing else for it to mix with, for the Real is, & the unreal is not. The Real will not mix with the unreal.  If you apply this Knowledge to yourself in searching for the actual experiential Realization of the Truth within you, you will understand what is meant by “1-w/o-a-2nd,” “Non   Duality,” & “there has never been anything else.”  You will understand why the ancients said, “Brahman alone is.” Brahman means vast Absolute Truth. You will understand why the ancients said “All this is only Brahman,” “There is nothing but Brahman” & so forth.

Truth-Knowledge-Infinity. The 1st term is Truth, & the 2nd is Knowledge.  It is a basic, spiritual fact, which can he discerned by anyone who is introspective, that Ignorance alone is the cause of Bondage & its consequent Suffering.

[more “Calculus for Yogis” is forthcoming]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 71

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 71:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

He, who by questing inward for the Knower, has destroyed the ego & transcended so-called knowledge abides as the Self. He alone is a true knower, not one who has not seen the Self & therefore has an Ego still.

From your true being as Awareness alienated & deluded do not pursue appearances, deeming them as real. They are false, since disappear they must. But your own being as Awareness is real & cannot cease to be.

The World appears distinctly only in Wakefulness & Dream with concepts filled.  In concept—free, all empty Deep Dreamless Sleep, one sees no World; so then conceptual is the World’s whole.

The Mind bewildered which mistakes the Body for oneself conceives the transient World of names & forms, makes it seem real & lovable, & promptly entraps one in the strong, illusive Bondage of Desire.

The empirical World of jostling names & forms is false & has no real existence in bright, full Awareness.  Like a ring of fire formed in the dark when one whirls fast a glowing joss-stick, ’tis an illusion, Mind-created.

 Seen in the light of Self-experience, all this phenomenal World is mere appearance, like the Sky’s deep blueness. What the deluded, body-bound Ego perceives “out there” is Mind-created, nothing more.

Fine-Tuned Universe 51:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Believers in a Creator would, of course, see this as the work of creation, although they might also want to emphasize that it was not as a Cosmic explanation that they came to belief in God in the first place.  So the 2 sides of this dialectic are not in strict contradiction with each other, although under certain circumstances they are still in competition.

If the phenomenon of Fine-Tuning can be assumed to be real, does the ability of the theistic position to handle it so neatly count as confirmatory evidence for that position ? Here religious believers should tread very warily.  The assumption above has been that belief in a Creator is for many a given, in need of no further confirmation.  For them, the Many-Universe extrapolation is simply redundant.  But if the 2 Anthropic alternatives were to be regarded as rivals, each in search of confirmation, the Epistemic (truth–establishing) situation would change. The independent plausibility of the many-universe response, however that may be assessed, could limit the confirmatory force of Fine-Tuning for belief in a Creator.  And, of course, one would have to keep in mind the other 2 possible responses to Fine-Tuning, both quite difficult to evaluate in practice.  The apparent Fine-Tuning might not be significant to begin with if either of these 2 were to be correct.  Yet it is quite striking that some notable Physicists take it seriously enough to warrant their calling into existence an Infinity of Universes co-existent with ours.

Still, the Epistemic (truth–establishing) situation is so difficult to assess that it is clearly premature to make Fine-Tuning the key to a new Natural Theology.  It seems best then, for the moment, at least, to fall back on the weaker notion of consonance.  Fine-Tuning is quite evidently consonant with belief in a Creator.  To some, this conclusion might appear too weak: if Theistic belief explains Fine-Tuning, they might argue, this should count Epistemically in its favor.  Strictly speaking this is true (assuming of course that Fine-Tuning is in fact the case.)  However, the Epistemic issues surrounding the Fine-Tuning argument are so intricate & so difficult to assess that making Fine-Tuning an independent motive for Theistic belief may invite more trouble for its proponents than it is worth.

The Fine-Tuning debate has directed the attention of Physicists to issues of an unfamiliar sort.  This of itself has been a major contribution.  How much weight, for example, should Cosmologists give to the Principle of Indifference ?  That is, how serious a problem would it be to leave a constraint on critical Cosmic conditions unexplained ?

Suppose that some future theory were to explain why the fundamental constants of Nature have the values they do, would this eliminate Fine-Tuning ?  On the assumption that the Universe had a beginning in Time, would the transition from nothing to an inconceivably energetic beginning be subject in principle to explanation in terms of physical theory ?  On the assumption that the Universe did not have a temporal beginning, is the demand for explanation of why it should exist in the first place still a legitimate one ?  If the choice were to be between the 2 Anthropic alternatives, there being no evidence for the Many-Universe one other than Fine-Tuning, on what basis would one presume to make the choice ?

Questions like these do not fall into any of the categories to which we are accustomed. Yet they are real questions, ones that insistently pose themselves as we explore the boundary-lands of contemporary cosmology.  They are quite surely not going to go away, so we had best give serious thought as to how they should be approached.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The Truth regarding the Self is that it is of the nature of Being-Consciousness-Bliss, & there is nothing other than the Self.  The Self is 1-w/o-a-2nd, without anything other.  In the Ribhu Gita, experience is described as composed of 5 parts: Being, Consciousness, Bliss, Name & Form. The same Gita says that the first 3 pertain to Reality, & the last 2 pertain to utter Illusion.  The Reality is Being-Consciousness ­ Bliss, while that which is Illusion is Name & Form.  Illusion signifies something actually nonexistent, something that is not.

What is meant by Name & Form ?  Form refers to everything perceived through the Senses. Name refers to all that is Formulated in ideas, anything of a mental character.

To those who are wisely meditating & thus recognizing that the World exists only in the Mind & nowhere else, we often say that the Truth is Formless.  This statement pertains to both Name & Form.  Everything perceivable & conceivable is not the Self & so such is not the actual Truth.

Being-Consciousness-Bliss is said to he Truth.  Being is non-objective.  It has no Form, is qualityless & attributeless, & That which ever is.  The Self, Being is Consciousness but not mere thought-Form & not mere sensation.  The Self is Bliss but not a mere mode of Mind or emotion, not something that depends on an outer cause or set of conditions, & not something that happens in Time. The Self is Bliss that is that is simultaneous & identical with Being, which the ever-present Consciousness.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 70

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 70:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Far from revealing Truth, words only darken & conceal It.  To let the Truth shine of itself instead of burying it in words; merge in the heart both word & thought.

 Never through argument, but only by abiding in the heart as pure awareness which lights up & shines within the Mind, can one enjoy the thrill, the throb, the Bliss Supreme of being the Self.

Even like a Dream this Waking World is but a Mind-conceived appearance in mind space.  Hence greatness lies in firmly ending indicative knowledge & the folly of fondness for outer objects.

Knowledge is manifold, say they who know objects, but not Freedom from the dire delusion of differences.  When the Senses 5, driven outward by desire are pulled back, then true, full Awareness comes, & there is no “other” to be known.

As in the Sky with thick clouds covered no eye can see the glorious Sun, one fails to see one’s own Self when the Mind Firmament is darkened by a dense cloud of thoughts.

 The Sage’s pure Mind which beholds as a mere Witness the whole World is like a mirror which reflects the foolish thoughts of those who come before him. And these thoughts are then mistaken to be his.

 The learned man who, letting go the Self, the real Being, sees & cherishes this Dream, this false, illusive World, may be a scholar.  Something different is he who has gained the clarity of Knowing the Self; he is a Knower.

 Holding in their hands the mirror, the Scripture which declares “The Self alone is to be known”, many alas, study with care the text & commentaries; only few seek the Self & gain true life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 50:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

One final objection that is often voiced may be less serious than it looks. Can the invocation of a Multiplicity of Universes permanently inaccessible to our instruments qualify as Physics? The answer is yes, in principle it can if certain conditions are met.

“Retro-duction”, Effect-to-cause Inference, is central to the Natural Sciences generally:  the Physicist who infers to the structure of the atom or molecule on the basis of an emission spectrum or the Geologist who infers to the inner structure of the Earth on the basis of Seismographic data is employing standard Retro-ductive reasoning.

This is the reasoning that underlies explanatory theories that account for inductively arrived at empirical regularities & that give cognitive access to causal structures that are, more often than not, not directly accessible to us.

Such theories are warranted by their ability to account for the data that originally called them forth, but even more by their performance over time, their ability to overcome anomaly, their successfully predicting novel results, their continued survival in the face of severe test, their ability to unify previously disparate domains. The list of the desirable Epistemic (truth–establishing) virtues is long.

A Many-Universe theory is retro-ductive in form; the existence of the Ensemble of universes that constitute its postulated causal structure will be warranted only to the extent that the theory itself behaves well over time. An adequate theory of Inflationary Origination over an Ensemble, with our own Universe as the (admittedly sole) observational warrant, would be enough, provided that the theory could be made sufficiently specific (there are doubts about the present candidates in that regard) & that it comes to be supported by something more than accounting for the original puzzling Fine-Tuning, a slender reed when considered on its own.

A caring Creator: The 4th alternative, the other Anthropic response, is of a much more familiar kind; it comes from a quarter remote from Scientific Cosmology. Its premise, a Creator who has a care for human concerns, is a standard feature of the Western religious tradition. This response is the only one of the 4 that can be said to “explain” the Fine-Tuning phenomenon in something like the familiar sense of “explain”: ascribing the Fine-tuning to the motive of an agent. But, of course, putting it that way tends to mask the unfamiliarity of the agency & the problematic character of ascribing the Fine-Tuning to a Creator’s motives. In its favor is that, unlike the Many-Universe alternative, it requires no new postulation, & it can appeal to a long philosophical tradition stretching back to St, Augustine & beyond, with highly developed metaphysics in its support. Against it is an equally familiar array of objections to the whole idea of a Creator & to the demand for an explanation of the Universe’s existence.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The Self is bodiless & is the same in all beings. Being the same in all beings, all bodies are one’s own, while one is actually bodiless. If one is bodiless, all is oneself, & all belongs to oneself, how can delusion, desire, anger, & such arise? All such modes of mind & corresponding conduct are the delusions born of the “I am the body” belief, with its associated idea of individuals inhabiting those bodies conceived as oneself & others. Believing the Self to be tainted by the defects of, & defined & bound by, the body, mind, & ego is ignorance. Without these misidentifications, one is like clear, vast space. Space-like Being-Consciousness is the Self & this Self is itself the very substance of its Knowledge.

The Self cannot be an object of Knowledge, just as it cannot be an object of senses. It has no form. The all-pervasive formless Brahman is the innermost, formless Self. If misidentification with the body, mind, & ego ceases, this becomes self-evident. All forms, all objects of knowledge, all that appear to come onto being are as unreal as what is seen in a dream – the illusion of ignorance. Duality has no real existence. If this is realized, the Knowledge this realized is objectless & eternal.

Calculus for Yogis, part 14:

Returning to FrictionDamping of HM Harmonic Motion, with Acceleration’s 2nd

Derivative & Friction’s Velocitydependent 1st Derivative (with a frictional Damping Coefficient b):

k x  = d x/ d t   d2 x/ d t2

we re-arrange into the Equation of Motion 2nd-order DE:

d2 x/ d t2    +    d x/ d t    k x   =   0

Instead of a simple Trigonometric wave solution, such must be Negative Exponentially Friction damped  as:

x (t)   =  A e–(b/2m)t cos (ω t    α)        for phase angle  α

For ωo, the un-damped “natural resonance” frequency, the slowing damped oscillation frequency starts lower acceding to:

ωo2 ω2   =  (b/2m)2

Among various amounts of Driving Force, F. that which largely “cancels” out the Friction is loosely considered a “resonance” but is more properly a “steady-state” Fo such that:

o2 ω2)2   +   (ωb/m)2    =   (Fo /A m)2

Actual “waves” have their Time & Space behavior related to wave velocity in terms of 2nd-order Derivatives (for simplicity, suppressing PDE notation):

 d2 y/ d t2    v2  d2 y/ d x2    where for example it can be that:   y  A sin ω (x/v    t)

The average energy  Eave of a “harmonic oscillator” in Classical Statistical Physics is given as  kT  for  k  being Boltzmann’s Constant.  But Max Planck’s “quantized harmonic oscillator” is that given by:

h ω/ (e–(bc / 2kT    1)    for  speed of light  c,  &  h  is Planck’s Constant divided by 2π

In Quantum Wave Mechanics, the Radius Vector  r  replaces Displacement, & the wave-function  y(t)  gives way to the complex-valued Wave Amplitude:  Ψ(r,t) ; & Energy values are generated by the Hamiltonian operator H for the Schrödinger Wave Equation:

i h d Ψ(r,t) / d t   =   H Ψ(r,t)

The difference between the Classical 2nd-order Derivatives & the Quantum Wave Mechanics 1st-order Derivatives is “somewhat” reflected in the complex-valued Probability Amplitude nature of  Ψ which must have its absolute value “squared” to yield physical Probability values.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 69

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 69:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Even the knowledge sense-perceived of the world without has for its ground the Self above. To search for knowledge somewhere else apart from That is but to grasp the shadow, not the substance.

Whatever notion may arise, never to let it live or grow, but to turn it that very instant, firm &stern, back to its source &merge it there, this is robust, intense detachment.

The knowledge that ignores the Self, the knower, &  holds as true the field perceived, is but illusive folly. No matter how much one has learned, true knowledge is the merging of all indicative knowledge in awareness of the Self.

The one true light there is, is pure Awareness. Other kinds of knowledge clinging to it &  claiming to be real are ego-born conceptual clouds. To trust them is sheer folly.

All other kinds of knowledge are base, trivial. The only true &  perfect knowledge is the stillness of pure awareness. The many differences perceived in the Self whose nature is awareness are wrong attributions & not real at all.

What sort of knowledge is this wretched bodily–mental knowledge of objects ? Would those who long for pure awareness hanker after this ?  To know pure awareness is true wisdom. All other knowledge is mere folly.

What if one knows the subtle secret of manifold inscrutable mysteries ?  Until one knows the awareness which reveals all other knowledge, does one know the Truth ?

Fine-Tuned Universe 49:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

The 2 Anthropic responses are, of course, the ones that have caught people’s attention.  Both involve ontological assertions that far transcend the observable Universe.  Both make essential reference to the human factor. Both draw implicitly or explicitly on the weak Anthropic Principle: human questioners like us are bound, of necessity, to find themselves in a universe that satisfies whatever cosmic conditions are required for life to be able to develop in at least one region within it. As these questioners regard their universe, they will inevitably discover it to be able to satisfy these conditions. This response of itself does not, of course, relieve the puzzlement occasioned by the discovery of fine-tuning. The original question still has to be faced: is the fact that our universe is fine-tuned in regard to a particular parameter, & thus life hospitable, significant or not ?  Is it no more than chance, a piece of good luck for us, a quirk in our current physical theories? At this point the 2 Anthropic responses diverge.

Many-Universe postulate: The 1st of these (the “scientific” one) in its strongest form postulates a vast ensemble of existent universes featuring a wide distribution of values of the relevant parameter. This response has a quite complex structure, a point that can easily be missed.  Some philosopher–critics have charged that although the Many-Universe hypothesis would give reason to believe that some universe would be life hospitable, it would of itself give no reason to suppose that that Universe would be ours, in all its particularity. Hence, the hypothesis does not explain why this Universe turns out to be fine-tuned, and the fact that our Universe is Fine-Tuned thus fails to support the hypothesis.

One need not enter into contested issues about individuation to see what is wrong with this argument. Nor does one need to call on Bayesian reasoning to be convinced that the many-universe hypothesis does not, of itself, explain why.

At the end of his analysis, White concludes: “Postulate as many other universes as you wish, they do not make it any more likely that ours should be life-permitting, or that we should be here. So our good fortune to exist in a life-permitting universe gives us no reason to suppose that there are many universes” [emphasis added]. For a critique, this universe in its particularity rather than another is fine-tuned for life. Rather, one has to call on a second, additional strand of argument along Anthropic lines to show how the Many-Universe response as a whole works. That we should live in a Life-hospitable Universe rather than elsewhere obviously requires no explanation: it is a necessary truth.  In the Many-Universe line of argument, what does require explanation is that there should be a Universe of this general kind available. And this the Many-Universe hypothesis secures.  Our existence ensures the existence of some Life-hospitable Universe & thus supports that hypothesis, which has such a Universe as its consequence. This attack on the logic of the many-universe response fails.

However, the Multi-Verse version of the postulate is still not much more than a fascinating, but highly speculative, Mathematical exercise at this point. It faces many testing challenges. Is the notion of an infinitely realized domain of existent Universes even coherent ?  This issue has been debated since Aristotle’s time & it is still not resolved. Doesn’t making the Multi-Verse eternal simply serve to evade the normal scientific question of how it was itself generated ?  How is one to ensure that the “bubble” Universes brought about by the unending series of Inflation events exhibit law-like behavior of any sort, let alone the probabilistic distribution of such behaviors that the Fine-Tuning argument requires ?  If the notion of a Multi-Verse is prompted primarily by the need to explain Cosmic Fine-Tuning, does it not itself pose numerous demands for explanation in its own right ?

A Many-Universe theory involving only a single Inflation event would seem more accessible to scientific test at least. But even there, many issues remain unresolved. Do scalar fields exist ?  How is one to set up and validate a distribution function over the Ensemble of Universes ?  A generating process would have to be specified, but how is this process itself to be explained ?  That is, why this process rather than some other one ? And might there not be some special conditions required to initiate the sort of inflation under consideration, leaving open the possibility that an element of Fine-Tuning might find its way back into the process that was supposed to banish it once & for all ?

Further, the invocation of a Many-Universe solution does not of itself necessarily lay Fine-Tuning to rest: every time Fine-Tuning makes its appearance, the argument seems to be carried a level higher in order to rescue the Principle of Indifference.

But this introduction of a higher-level Ensemble, if it can be made specific enough, seems in practice itself to involve a further round of Fine-Tuning, & so the dialectic continues, at each level becoming more ontologically extravagant.

Barrow & Tipler point out that if the notion of an infinitely realized Universe were to be allowed, the original grounds for postulating Inflation would no longer hold good.  Why not argue instead that in a chaotically random infinite Universe “there must exist a large, virtually homogeneous, & isotropic region, expanding sufficiently close to flatness . . . so that after 15 Billion years it looks like our Universe ?”

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

No allure, no desire from externals, rather unstoppable, constant inner urge for unlimited happiness. Happiness comprehended in wisdom is always of the Self, never to be superimposed as dependent on momentary externals.

Undefined, without delusion, unlimited subjective happiness grows as ego diminishes by seeing ego supporting ideas to be unreal. Free of misidentification with form is free of suffering & limitation. Unending, intense Bliss erases all memory of sorrow imagined from unreal events & superimposed sense forms. Happiness is not a sensation. Discriminate ever more finely between Knower & known (world, body, mind, ego).

The descriptions of the Self & the negation of attributes & limited definition of the Self, such as that it is bodiless, non-sensory, without prana, free from thought, etc., would be meaningless if they referred to some sort of other Self different from the aspirant’s own true Self. There are not two selves in the same one being. There is one Self, & when known as it is, it is infinite & eternal, not a being, but just Being.

To realize this, Knowledge of oneself as the Self free from the body & such, must become as certain & steady as the belief  of a human being  that he is a human being, which a human being does not doubt on any occasion. When that human determines by Self-Knowledge what, in Truth, that human being is, Absolute Being is known, & if this without doubt & without wavering one has thus known what needs to be known, has experienced what needs to be experienced, & has realized what needs to be experienced.

Calculus for Yogis, part 13:

When casting the image of a Point, the point of intersection of the Radius line & the Circumference of the unit Circle, the image of that Point revolving CCW counter-clock-wise from the right-most place that would be East on a compass, or Angle 0 on the positive X-axis, we mentioned that the shadows, sideways or vertically, would exhibit Simple Harmonic Motion, SHM.  We want to use the partial introduction of Cosines & Sines, Derivatives & Integrals, to look at this SHM, Simple Harmonic Motion.

Newton’s 2nd Law for Force. F, can be put in terms of Acceleration, a which the Time Derivative of Velocity, v:

F  =  m  a  d v/ d t

whereas Velocity, v is itself the Time Derivative of Distance, Displacement:

v  =  d v/ d=  d x/ d t

so that putting Force. F, in terms of Displacement, which is the “2nd order” Time Derivative of Displacement [Derivative of the Derivative]:

F  =  m  a  d v/ d =   d2 x/ d t2

The Spring, with Spring stiffness or Constant k, characteristically has a (negative) restoring Force. F given by:

k x   =   F  =  m  a  m  d2 x/ d t2

k / m  x  =   d2 x/ d t2

The Exponential Function had a 1st Derivative equal to itself, or proportional to itself if other constants were involved. But fir SHM, it is the 2nd Derivative of x that is proportional to  x .  This SHM characteristic is fulfilled then, not by the Exponential, but by a trigonometric function, Sine or Cosine.  So making this substitution for F we get:

x (t)   =  A cos (ω t  +  φ)  ,  for  A – amplitude, ω  –  angular frequency,  φ  – phase shift

[This could be put in terms of Sine, with appropriate  phase shift φ  since  Cos  &  Sin  have a phase shift of  π /=  90o]

To take the 1st Derivative we use the above mentioned Chain Rule for Cos of a function. that function being, d y/ d t   =   (d y/ d x) ( d x/ d t)   = [ A sin (ω t  +  φ)]  [d xt + φ) / d t ]since:   d cos / d t  =  sin   &   for constant ω  &  φ,   d xt + φ) / d t                                            =   ω

d cos (ω t  +  φ) / d t   =   A sin (ω t  +  φ)  d (ω t  +  φ) / d t  

=   A ω sin (ω t  +  φ)

Taking the 2nd Derivative, with:   d sin / d t  =  cos

d2 x/ d t2   =   d2 [A cos (ω t + φ)] / d t2   =   d [ A ω sin (ω t + φ)] / d t

                 =   A ω2 cos (ω t  +  φ)   =   ω2  x (t)

[Incidentally, comparing to the above:   – k / m  x  =  – ω2 x    &   m  ω2 ,  which describes ωo the “natural resonance” frequency of whatever be the “harmonic oscillator”, Driven by Force (a shove or tug of a spring instead of a stretch & just letting go) another transient frequency would settle back to ωo. The forgoing describes a frictionless system. With Friction, the system slows down & stops.]

For short swings of a weight on a nearly “massless” String, a Pendulum, the same SHM equations apply with the substitution for the above (k / m) being (g / l) for g the acceleration of Earth-surface Gravity & l the length of the String.  For a twisting Torsional Pendulum, the parallel is even closer with Spring Constant k becoming the Torsion Constant; & mass m becoming a Moment of Inertia I.  The exact same terms extend the description to a Pendulum whose String has mass, or object suspended from a point, floating, or otherwise “rocking” object. Hence the some of the Physics of “vibes”.

If we go back to:  – k / m  x  =   d2 x/ d t2      describing SHM Acceleration, the 2nd Derivative, for Friction which depends on Velocity, we add a 1st Derivative with a frictional Damping Coefficient b.

k x    d x/ d t   d2 x/ d t2

The  transient frequency would settle back to ωo. The forgoing describes a frictionless system. With Friction, the system slows down & stops.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 68

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 68:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

You are bodiless & Space-less in Deep Sleep, yet in the waking state 8. in Dream appear to be the opposite. Whatever the Dream, the only thing that has value & is worth doing with regard to Dream is to wake up. When you wake up, do you say that the experiences of the Dream were real, although within the Dream everyone there would have tried to convince you of it No. Similarly, when you wake up to the Self these experiences of the World will be unreal, like in a Dream, although others in that state Wl|| try to convince you that they are real. Every plane of Worldly existence has its own illusion, which can be destroyed only by another illusion on the same plane. For example, a man takes a full meal & goes to sleep. He dreams of being hungry in spite of the food he has in his stomach. To satisfy the Dream hunger, he has to take Dream food. A wound in Dream requires Dream treatment. A great king once dreamt that he was ill but was too poor to call a doctor. Although he had fabulous wealth in the Waking state, it was of no use to him in the Dream slate. Similarly, the illusion of ignorance can be destroyed only by the Illusion of the Masters Grace.

By constantly fixing his attention on his Source, the Heart,

the Ego of the wise gets dissolved like a “salt doll”

which has fallen into the Ocean.

Sri Ramana Maharshi

Fine-Tuned Universe 48:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

How to account for the “Fitness if the Environment”  ?   One possible alternative was Evolution as a Cosmic process, of which Darwinian Natural Selection governing living things would be one major manifestation. So a natural property must have been inherent in the original unorganized matter & energy bringing about an Evolutionary process that in turn shaped the differentiated properties of the elements, making 3 of these [C, H, O] optimally ready for the Origin & flourishing of Life.

In this “Teleology”, in some sense Life was described as a goal of the broader Cosmic process.  The process was purely Mechanistic with no part of the popular Vitalisms of the day.  Expanding the notion of a “Mechanism” allows it to accomplish purpose-like goals without involving conscious purpose.

If a mechanistic process accomplished goals or valued ends, as a thermostat does, it would prompt a new series of queries as to how this itself came about. As for the Fitness of the Chemical Environment, an explanation of some sort was needed.

Here was an early argument for Fine-Tuning.  But the Fine-Tuning metaphor does not reflect how well, on a Cosmic scale, certain properties of the Chemical Environment fitted the requirements of the Life process in general.  This degree of Fit is striking enough to warrant an explanation.  One alternative explanation was a mechanistic sort that shaped the Chemical properties of an initially unorganized Chaos (~ the Principle of Indifference) so as to make it possible for Life to come into being & flourish.

Fine-Tuning implies a precise standard toward which the Fine-Tuned activity is to be adjusted. A standard of this sort that would permit life to go forward.  The focus of the argument was on the multiplicity of ways in which the properties of the Cosmically favored elements [C, H, O] & their compounds conspire together, as it were, to provide a suitable Environment for Life. That Environment in the constitution of Nature is the occasion.

What is regarded as significant is the manifold Fitness for Life of the Cosmic chemical environment in general. One might perhaps describe this as “Fine-Tuning,” in an extended sense of that term.  The “Fitness” was the sort of consideration that, more generally, had already prompted arguments of the classical Design sort, although of course with a novel twist & a resolute refusal to follow through to the classical Design conclusion.

The 4 alternative responses to claims of Cosmic Fine-Tuning:

Chance:  One might simply dismiss as Chance the Cosmic constraints required for the Universe to be Life bearing.  The Parameter in question had to have “some value”, one might say, so why not this one ?  It need have no further significance.  The Universe, it might be said, is a contingent affair, & Fine-Tuning should be seen in that light. Such a response is impossible to refute, strictly speaking.  The challenge to it comes from 2 alternatives that present Fine-Tuning as potentially significant.  Scientists on the whole seem uneasy about setting aside the quest for explanation, as the recourse to Chance does.

One can detect a note of urgency, almost, in many of the discussions of the original Fine-Tuning claim in the late 1970s and early 1980s: leaving the initial tight Cosmic setting of the Energy Density simply as a given was obviously a troubling prospect.  Just as troubling, perhaps, to some was the leap to an Infinity of Universes.  And even more troubling to others was undoubtedly the rapidly growing interest of the broader community in the dramatic reappearance of indications of Design in Natural Science at the Cosmic level.  In their view, an alternative response had to be found.

A 5th alternative:  Intelligent Observers able to Fine-Tune Cosmic constants on their own account

Consequence of an advance in theory:  This reaction defined a 2nd way to deal with the Fine-Tuning challenge: work toward a theoretical advance that would eliminate, or at least significantly reduce, the need for Fine Tuning of the initial Energy Density. In the interim, simply assume that such an advance will someday be made.  At the level of Cosmic beginnings, Scientific theory is more than ordinarily fragile & quite evidently incomplete in the absence of a unifying successor to Relativity theory & Quantum Theory.

There is reason to think that a re-evaluation of Fine-Tuning claims in general may well lie somewhere down the road.  This is obviously less likely in the case of Consciousness Fine-Tuning than in the simpler case of the tuning of an apparently contingent parameter such as Energy Density.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Though the Body is not the Self, the Self is not the Performer of Action, & Action is unrelated to Self-Knowledge. Action can in no way bring about the Liberation that this Self-Knowledge alone yields. The holy Sage who knows this will always be manifesting the Good, the True, & the Beautiful. With love for all Beings, knowing all to be himself, endowed with equanimity & imperturbable Peace, with no self-interest, he is ever engaged in the highest good, whether he appears active or still.  His honesty derives from Truth itself, his love derives from the indivisible nature of Being, his Peace derives from the immovable Absolute, & his kindness & care derive from the perfect Fullness.

How would it be possible, for one who knows about Liberation & the Non-Dual Teaching of Identity with the Absolute Self, to engage in conduct that would be other than the good, the true, the beautiful, love, equanimity, peace, dis-interest, the highest good, honesty, kindness, & care.

Nonetheless, it is never possible to determine the state of a Realization Sage from the outer appearances of the Body with which he has no identity whatsoever.  The Sage has gone beyond the Illusions of Life & Death, never to return to that which never really was. The Sage is serene in & as the Absolute, & abides as the Eternal.

Whatever is done, he is not the Do-er of anything.  Whatever is said by the Sage, the Sage remains Silent.  Whatever is thought, he remains unmodified.  For he has known himself, & he himself is what he knows.

You are That. Realize the Truth of this by Self-Inquiry. Supreme Knowledge, Consciousness, is Brahman. Attain Liberation by Knowledge & realize that true Knowledge is the Eternal, Supreme Consciousness itself.  This Self is Brahman.  Inquire “Who am I ?”  & realize pure Being as the 1-without-a-2nd.  I am Brhaman.  Abide in the Natural State of the Real Self, in the state of Identity with no other “I”.

Abide as That, which, when known, leaves no other thing to be known. Abide as That, the Happiness of which leaves nothing to be desired. Abide as That, which, when realized, leaves no other Reality but itself.  Abide as That, which is the Self, which alone exists eternally, for it is That which alone is.

Calculus for Yogis, part 11:

Reprise of the Electrical RLC Circuit Analogy:

We can abuse some simple electrical circuit terminology to sketch again the Analogy for the Indian Samkhya Philosophy scheme Nature’s qualities or gunas. Most Dualities turn out to be similar (+ / , male / female, yang / yin, etc.). The same is true for Triads (thesis, synthesis, antithesis; etc.) such as the Samkhya gunas: tamas, sattva, rajas, simply translated for our purposes here as dull inertia, harmonious clarity, & restless rage. Practical applications of this terminology for spiritual practice are not profound but sometimes useful. To note just a couple of examples, we can first mention that Illusion or maya deviates from the clarity of sattva by splitting into dull tamasic “veiling” avarana & projecting rajasic superimposition vikshepa. First the Truth is hidden, then the False is projected & superimposed.

A second example that suffices for the moment would contrast the sattvic Clarity of Mind, ideal for spiritual practice with the opposite poles represented by the other 2 gunas. Dull inertia or tamas might even find a bit of an antidote in the restless energy of rajas, but transcending both is even better.

A simple RLC series circuit Analogy can model this interplay of the gunas.  The tamasic inertial quality can be modeled by capacitance C, such that the accumulation of substance, Charge is the “electrical pressure”, voltage, V multiplied by this tamasic inertial parameter C, capacitance, or:  q  =  C V. The same would hold for accumulated fluid as “capacity” times the “pressure” in a hydrodynamic or similar circuit. [Granted we are holding several parameters constant here to force the analogy & going against the grain of many electrical analogies where readily measurable Voltage is tallied instead of Charge or Current.

The sattvic analog quality would not be resistance, R, but rather its reciprocal, the conductance, G. such that the “flow” of Charge or Current, I,  is proportional to that same “electrical pressure”, voltage, V multiplied by the sattvic parameter G, conductance, or:  dq/dt  =  I  =  G V. Again, the same would hold for fluid flow as “conductance” times the “pressure” in a hydrodynamic or similar circuit. We choose conductance G over the historically prior inverse concept of resistance R because the latter “negatively” impairs the “flow'” while greater conductance enhances the flow.

In a electrical Phasor diagram (a specific application of a Real-axis / Imaginary axis Argand diagram) the tamasic C capacitance contribution is “imaginary” in the mathematical sense of being orthogonal to the “real  axis that charts the sattvic G conductance contribution.

In that same diagram, the rajasic influence is equally “imaginary” but is diametrically opposed to the tamasic contribution, so that the opposing effects tend to cancel each other out to some degree. Here, as with resistance R, we choose, instead of inductance L, it reciprocal, or rather the more “dynamic” reciprocal of ω L, the inductive reactance, which paired properly with the “imaginary” number i is the inductive admittance of reciprocal of inductive impedance. This can also be related to the “imaginary” part of the total admittance, namely the inductive part of the susceptance.

In any case, the rajasic analog quality would not be inductance, L, but something like the inductive admittance A, such that the “rate of change of flow” (~ acceleration of flow) dI/dt, is proportional to that same “electrical pressure”, voltage, V multiplied by the rajasic parameter A, admittance or:  d2q/dt2  =  dI/dt  ~  A V. Again, the something similar would hold for accelerated fluid flow if we introduced turbulence, likewise a rajasic concept.

Confusing terminology aside, our Electrical Analogy for the 3 gunas gives us:

1) Conductance allowing “real part” free flow related to sattva, harmonious clarity.

2) Tamas opposed by rajas, akin to “imaginary” influences of Capacitance & Susceptance.

3) Tamasic Capacitance representing inertia.

4) Rajasic Susceptance corresponding to “jittery” oscillating interference, wasted motion & energy such that “the faster you try, the slower you go.”

This Electrical Analogy for the gunas does little to model the “veiling” versus “projecting” aspects of maya & some other guna applications. But for discriminating Inquiry into self-defeating qualities of Mind, like Inertia & Restlessness, the Electrical Analogy has some merit.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 67

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 67:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Your own Realization is the best help possible help to others. But there really are no others to be helped. A Realized being sees only the Self, just like a goldsmith estimating the gold in various items of jewelry sees only gold. When you identify yourself with the Body then only the forms & shapes are there. But when you transcend your Body the others disappear along with your Body-consciousness. Do plants, trees, etc. exist at all apart from the Self ? Find it out. You think that you see them. Thought is projected out from the Self. Find out from where it rises. Thoughts will cease to rise & the Self alone will remain.

 It is like a Cinema-show. There is the light on the screen & the shadows flitting across it impress the audience as the enactment of some piece. If in the same play an audience also is shown on the screen as part of the performance. the seer & the seen will then both be on the screen. Apply it to yourself. You are the screen. The Self has created the Ego. The Ego has its accretions of thoughts which are displayed as the World, the trees & the plants of which you are asking. In Reality, all these are nothing but the Self. If you see the Self, the same will be found to be all, everywhere & always. Nothing but the Self exists.

Fine-Tuned Universe 47:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

 

So far the issue has been whether Fine-Tuning, in the relatively precise sense that that term has acquired in Cosmology, is likely to find fresh application in Biology.

The answer has been, on the whole, negative.  But suppose one were to address the issue more broadly.  Fine-Tuning is an instance of Design, real or apparent; but Design is itself a much broader category. The indications of design in the living World described in loving detail by 17th-century exponents of Natural Theology, such as Robert Boyle & John Ray, did not point to Fine-Tuning as the clue to the involvement of Intelligence.  Fine-Tuning is a highly specific sort of clue, as we have seen, leading to a specific set of alternative responses. Searching for evidence of design in the living world today, on the other hand, might perhaps have a higher likelihood of success, judging by the record, than trying to find analogs of Fine-Tuning there.

Might one infer, then, to something like design from claims of evolutionary inevitability or convergence? One could, of course, if one were to postulate a directive agency of some sort at work within the evolutionary process, itself impelling the process onward to higher and higher levels of complexity. Bergson’s “´elan vital” & Teilhard de Chardin’s “radial energy” would be of this sort. But it has to be said that suggestions of this kind have, on the whole, met with a frosty reception from evolutionary biologists. Such views challenge the overall adequacy of the neo-Darwinian explanatory framework, not a popular stand; critics respond that this framework is perfectly capable of handling whatever directions evolution can be shown to have taken.

It was the introduction of this framework that undermined the case for Design in the first place Design, that is, that would be associated with specific complex features of the living World. Its modern proponents often present the neo-Darwinian framework as having potentially universal applicability: wherever in the Universe a certain set of conditions, centered on descent with modification, is to be found, Evolution is bound to occur.

The only contingencies that arise in this scenario have to do with the satisfying of the required conditions & the presence in advance of reproducing organisms.  How well a Darwinian type of schema applies to the Origin of the first cells is still a matter of debate.

Holding that the contingencies are easily satisfied so that life must be commonplace throughout the vast Spaces & Times of the Universe, he “Pregnancy” thesis, as suggested to some that such a profusion would indicate the agency of Design in some form. Yet one wonders why frequency of occurrence, as against rarity, should of itself be significant in this context. If anything, extreme rarity would appear to be a more likely lead, if it could be established. But this is to barely scratch the surface of the burgeoning Life Sciences.

The prospects for finding indications in those Sciences for Fine-Tuning proper may not be bright.  But perhaps the notion of Design might still prove capacious enough to extend into current discussions of such themes as optimality & Fitness.

It would need to do so at the Cosmic level. At the local level of Terrestrial Biology, the Many-World alternative would be all too obvious so that even the appearance of design would hardly be countenanced. It may be worth recalling at this point, for the historical morals that might be drawn, an earlier appeal to Cosmic Fitness that elicited many of the same questions.

“Fitness of the Environment”

Henderson’s celebrated book, “The Fitness of the Environment is often cited as a harbinger of the fine-tuning theme in discussions of the place of Life in the Universe.  Having worked through the complexities of that theme, we are now in a better position to judge how close his contributions came to the contemporary notion of Fine-Tuning, and in what ways & for what reasons they fell short of it.

Henderson is not talking about the fitness of life for the environment in which it finds itself. He makes it clear that this can be explained along Darwinian lines: natural selection has shaped life to survive and, when possible, thrive in the particular environment it inhabits and to compensate for changes in that environment.

But this was not what Henderson meant by “fitness of the environment.” It was not where he believed a complement to the Darwinian account needed to be given.

What had struck him was the multiple “fitnesses” of the physical environment for the biochemistry of life in general. And by “environment,” he meant to include both the “external” and “internal,” with emphasis on the latter, following the practice initiated by Claude Bernard, who had had much to say about the milieu, as he termed it. Henderson was intrigued by the crucial roles that Water & Carbon dioxide & at a deeper level their 3 elemental constituents, Hydrogen, Oxygen, & most especially Carbon, played in all living processes. Those processes required complexity, as well as the capacity for self-regulation and metabolism. The properties of the 3 elements and the two compounds made from them seemed to him so ideally suited to these requirements, a conclusion worked out by him in impressive empirical detail that some sort of explanation of this was called for.

Henderson’s concern was not with particular environments, such as that of Earth, but with the cosmic environment (as he saw it) that is revealed by astronomy. He went to some lengths to argue the optimality of the advantages offered by the 2 key compounds and, thus, of their 3 component elements as well. He discussed the possibility that water and carbon might be of frequent occurrence on other planets, arguing for the superiority of water over any other known solvent in the biotic context, as well as for carbon over silicon. He did not go as far as to propose them as necessary conditions for life, a more difficult case to make. Nevertheless, some resonances with the account of Fine-Tuning sketched above were already apparent.

His main theme was the remarkable Fitness of the Chemical Environment for Life, and his problem was how to account for this. He ruled out chance: the coincidences between the properties of the favored elements and the needs of life are too remarkable for this to be a plausible response. Likewise, he dismissed design as an alternative explanation. The notion of design was outside the realm of science; besides, to an agnostic like himself, it held no attraction.

What is particularly striking is that he also excluded the Many-Universe alternative, the response favored by many recent cosmologists. He realized that talking about the superior merits in the Biotic context of the three favored elements might  suggest comparison with other possible chemistries that had a different repertoire of elements.

But this would introduce “other possible worlds in which matter may have different properties and energy different forms.”  And he will have nothing to do with such purely speculative “hypothetical worlds,” restricting himself quite explicitly to the chemistry of the cosmos that we know.

This was sufficient, in his estimate, to make his point about the remarkable biotic optimality of the three elements and their compounds.  Nowhere in his discussion did Henderson suggest the specifically Anthropic factor of a Selection Effect caused by our necessarily finding ourselves in the only one of a large Ensemble of universes in which we could find ourselves. It clearly would not have occurred to him, any more than to anyone else of his time, to take seriously the possibility of an ensemble of other actually existing universes governed by different physical laws as a means of solving his problem.

He had already made his negative attitude clear in regard to hypothetical alternative chemistries. But more to the point, as far as the comparison with Fine-Tuning is concerned, his argument was not specifically Anthropic in the first place.  He talked about the conditions for life in general, about what makes life flourish.  Human Life was not central to the point he was making, as it is in the Fine-Tuning argument.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Regarding the great aphorism (proclamation, mahavakya): “Thou art That”, wise Sages declare that the primary meaning of That is the Absolute Brahman. Likewise, the primary meaning of Thou is the Knower, or “I”.

The essential meaning of That is the True Self. Likewise, the essential meaning of Thou is only pure Being, pure Consciousness.  The meaning of both That & Thou is thus the same, & this identity is what art expresses.  “Art” is an expression of complete Identity.

That complete Identity is realized by relinquishing other ideas regarding That, & most importantly, by Self-Inquiry into Thou.  The deeper the Self-Inquiry into Thou, the more That is known as it is, for Thou art That.

No repetition of the idea: “I am That“, “I am the Self”, or “I am Brahman” is intended. For such implies the difference between the instructed & the instruction; between the meditator, the meditation, & the meditated upon; between the one desiring Liberation & the Liberation itself.  Repetition further implies difference between the self who would know & the Self to be known; between the realizer & that realized.

The Non-Dual Teaching of Identity with the Absolute Self, Brahman, is to be practiced by Self-Inquiry, full of clear discrimination, that frees one of the false notion of Do-er-ship, of being a sensing entity, of being an experiencer, of being a thinker, & such.  Thus one discerns that the one Self is not the Body, Mind, or Ego, or anything connected with these. Then one knows one’s own true Self to be truly Brahman.

The Knowledge of the Self becomes possible only when the Ego vanishes.  What remains is Self-evident, the Self-knowable, the eternally existing, the forever liberated that has never been bound.  The Freedom & Happiness of this Realization have no cause or reason.  This Freedom & Happiness are self-existing, as Being itself is.  Only un-Happiness & Bondage seem to have reasons. By inquiry, these apparent reasons are found to be merely Ignorance.

When the Knowledge that one is the Self, Brahman, is not veiled by certain false notions, the Self-Knowledge becomes firm. Those are the false notions that Reality is something other than the formless, motionless, immutable Self, & that Happiness is other than the blissful Self.  Then, the mis-identification of the Self with the Body or any other form becomes impossible.

The direct path of Knowledge is that in which one discriminates as described here, renounces the actions of the Body & the Mind. The direct path of Knowledge frees one from the ideas of being a Performer, Experiencer, Thinker, etc., abides free of outer sensing & inner conceiving activities, & thus know the Self to be That.

The practice of the Teaching of Thou art That is the Self-Inquiry: “Who am I ?”  Self-Knowledge is firm when the Knowledge of the Self, which is the Absolute, is not contradicted by the false notions that one lacks Bliss & has desires.  Self-Knowledge is firm when the Self-Knowledge is not contradicted by the false notions that one is not Consciousness & a Do-er. Self-Knowledge is firm when the Self-Knowledge is not contradicted by the false notions that one is not Being, but instead a bound entity.

Calculus for Yogis, part 10:

To partially explain how the previously mentioned “complex” Exponential is related to Sine & Cosine, we can do that by peeking at what are called “imaginary” numbers.  Quadratic [x2] & more complicated functions yield solutions with apparent radicals [square roots] with negative arguments, an impossibility for Real Numbers.

To give an expression to such “imaginary” numbers [apparent radicals with negative arguments]. Unity is replaced by the square root of  1, designated as i . So  5 has  5x  the magnitude.  When added to a Real Number, any Imaginary Number constitutes part of a Complex Number.  When plotted on an Argand Diagram, with an Imaginary axis taking the place of  a Y axis, we can see the Imaginary Number system, not as fanciful, but as “orthogonal” or at a Right Angle to the Real Number system, another “dimension” of sorts.

In any case, the “complex” Exponential,  eix  =  cos x   +  i sin x .  Besides connecting the Exponential to the Sine & Cosine functions, a connection already seen in the similarity of their Infinite Series expressions, complex numbers allows us a few straightforward Analogies.  In saying that the Imaginary Axis is in some ways at “right angles” to the Real Number Axis is seen again in Electronics phasor diagrams in which an Imaginary Axis is set at Right angles to the Horizontal X-axis.  That Imaginary Axis represents a Capacitance Inductance axis at right angles to a Real Axis which is parallel to Voltage & Current in a Resistor [for a Series RLC relationship].

In other words, Inductance & Capacitance are in some ways opposed to each other.  And their combined difference when combined with Resistance is plotted as a Vector between the Axes on a Phasor Diagram.  This Vector than is a Complex Number composed of an Imaginary Number, for difference between Inductance & Capacitance, & a Real Number for Resistance, or more correctly, the Resistive Impedance.

So then composite Complex Numbers, with the term Imaginary, is not in that sense just a factor of Imagination.  And the ordinary numbers, called Real Numbers, are not so much more Real.  It’s more like the Imaginary Number system is another number system “orthogonal” to or, as it were, at some kind of Right angles to do ordinary number system.

So instead of an Inductance Capacitance difference, we really meant a difference in the Impedance that this Capacitive, & the Impedance that is Inductive.  Electronics aside, this provides us with an analogy for an Indian principle of 3 guna’s or “qualities” of the Mind.

These 3 characteristics of Mind & Nature, Inert Tamas, Restless Rajas, & Elevating Sattva are seen in ancient Indian Sankhya Philosophy.

The moral is that to model opposing the Inert Capacitive guna Tamas with the Restless Inductive guna Rajas, we might use a final difference between the 2 “impedances”.  This joint Impedance then, when combined with the Resistive Impedance which represents a more Real guna Sattva as a description for a mode of Mind.  That mode of Mind can be optimized for Meditation.

Now Resistance happens to be the reciprocal of the term we most likely compare to the elevating guna Sattva, namely the Conductance. So we let Conductance [or its Reactance] be compared to Sattva.  We seek to put the Mind in a more of a pure Conductance mode prior to transcending all 3 guna’s.  To do this, we can either attempt to attenuate both Rajas & Tamas to 0, or as a second-best have their posing strengths cancel each other out, just as Inductive Impedance can cancel out Capacitive Impedance.

Applicable diagrams for a simple RLC series circuit & some of the relevant equations are seen above.  In plain English (& Sanskrit), we would like to eliminate the Rajas mode & the Thomas mode, Restlessness & Inertia.  Or else we can 1st have them cancel each other out, & then emphasize the Sattva elevating mode.  Then we transcend all 3 guna’s.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 66

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 66:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Even the thought “l do not realize” is a hindrance. In fact, the Self alone is.

 Our real nature is mukti. But we are imagining we are bound & are making various, strenuous attempts to become free, while we are all the while free. This will be understood only when we reach that stage.

We will be surprised that we were frantically trying to attain something which we have always been &   are.

 A man goes to sleep in this hall. He dreams he has gone on a world tour, is roaming over hill &  dale, forest & country, desert & sea, across various continents & alter many years of weary & strenuous travel, returns to this country, reaches & walks in. Just at that moment he wakes up & finds he has not moved an inch but was sleeping where he lay down. He has not returned after great effort to this hall, but is & always has been in the hall. It is exactly like that. If he is asked. “Why being free, do we imagine that we are bound ?”  “Why being in the hall did you imagine you were on a World adventure, crossing hill & dale, desert & sea ?”  It is all Mind or Maya [Illusion].  

 See if the unreal has come to be. There is no such thing as the unreal, from another standpoint.

 The Self alone exists. When you try to trace the Ego, which is the basis of the perception of the World & everything else, you find the Ego does not exist at all & neither does all this creation that you see.

 The ajnani sees only the Mind which is a mere reflection. If the light of pure Consciousness because his Mind is extroverted & has never sought its source.

 Just as a small pot of water Reflects the enormous Sun within the narrow limits of the pot, even so the vasanas or latent tendencies of the Mind of the individual, acting as The reflecting medium, catch the all-pervading, infinite light of Consciousness. The form of this Reflection is the phenomenon called the Mind. Seeing only this Reflection, the ajnani is deluded into the belief that he is a finite being, the jiva, the individual self.

Fine-Tuned Universe 46:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

This 2nd element in every fine-tuning discussion draws on Biology only in the most general and speculative way. This is not the sort of Biology that one finds in a textbook, but the kind science-fiction writers without number have used in imagining living forms that escape almost any restriction that analogies with the Terrestrial Life we know would be likely to impose. So the search for conditions necessary for any form of life throughout the universe has to proceed very warily indeed. Still, the conditions that have so far played a part in the Fine-Tuning discussions (the need for elements more complex than Hydrogen & Helium to form the material basis of living process, the need for several generations of Stars to generate the heavier elements, etc.) seem reasonably secure.

But the problem is that we do not have a Cosmic Biology in the sense in which we do have a Cosmic Physics & Chemistry. The Life forms of Earth, & consequently the Biology built on them, have been shaped by the innumerable particularities of the Terrestrial environment over Billions of years.  Countless independent causal lines have crossed and recrossed to form the unique biota of the Earth of today & yesterday.  The limited Teleonomic order imposed by Natural Selection on individual Evolutionary lineages is nowhere near enough to yield anything that could plausibly count as a Cosmic Biology. The evidence of convergence in the Evolutionary record, so persuasively presented in recent work, does carry some weight in suggesting Universals of various kind.  But this still falls far short of providing an abstract framework within which all living processes would have to fit.

The prospect of terrestrial Biology’s suggesting a direct Fine-Tuning relationship on its own account might therefore be regarded as problematic.  It would seem that some feature of the complex Living Processes described in our Biology would have to demand Fine-Tuning on the part of some underlying physical parameter.

The immediate problem here is that Living Processes, as these are understood in Terrestrial Biology, do not necessarily have Cosmic scope.  Other worlds could well be found in our Universe where Biological processes of a substantially different sort flourish, calling into question the significance of an Earth-related “Fine-Tuning.”

The 2nd problem, of course, would be to establish a link to a physical parameter requiring Fine-Tuning for the Biological Process to go forward.

Still, it is worth carrying the matter a stage further. Take the issue of inevitability in Evolutionary Biology, for instance.  A good case can be made for holding that Evolution tends to converge over the course of time on certain favored forms.  Some would go even further, starting with the Origin of Life in a suitable Environment & moving easily to the eventual appearance of a Technologically competent civilization capable of communicating with us.

Others, however, would emphatically reject any suggestion of overall directionality in the Evolutionary Process, pointing to the many sources of contingency along the way – notably the occurrence of a major catastrophe on a global scale.

In a different, although related, context, the Origin of Life is taken by some to be of common, even inevitable, occurrence across the Cosmos, whereas others would see complex Life, at least, as a rare event, dependent on a host of contingent factors.

Does this issue bear on considerations of Fine-Tuning ?  Strictly speaking, this hardly seems to be the case.  Fine-Tuning connotes a certain precariousness, a condition barely met.  Features such as inevitability or convergence in the story of Evolution convey just the opposite. Evolutionary sequences are sometimes said to converge on forms possessing specific functions with no hint of the Environmental constraints required for this to happen.

Claims of Inevitability or Convergence could be either broadly empirical, based on scrutiny of the historical record of Terrestrial Evolution, or broadly theoretical, based on how Darwinian evolution is supposed to work in general terms.  But in neither case does anything like Fine-Tuning appear to be involved quite the reverse, it might seem. Nor is the broader claim any better: that the cosmos is pregnant with Life & the Origin of Life faces no particular barrier in the widest variety of cosmic circumstances.

One might argue that a Universe of this bio-philic sort is antecedently unlikely & that some specific sort of Fine-Tuning at the physical level is responsible for our Universe’s being bio-philic rather than more sparing in offering Life support.  This would seem to reduce to the Fine-Tuning argument in Physics that we have already seen, although this could depend on what connotation, exactly, one attaches to “bio-philic”.

Adapted from some  verses from a great Sage:

TIME & SENSES:

Past description, Present description, & Future description, which are known by thought-forms, can only be illusory.  This leaves timeless Consciousness as the ever present underlying condition.  We can consider the manner in which one seems to know of the World of sense objects in Thought.  The sense of touch, for instance, provides a variety of intermittent signals, describing textures & shapes, but all in a vague hardly localizable collection.

When one Perception is in Consciousness, no other can be there in Consciousness.  Nor can any other Perception in fact exist elsewhere because there is nowhere else.  If storage of other Perceptions could occur in some other place, realm, or domain, outside of Consciousness, how would it be known ?  If not present in Consciousness at a give moment, then where can that Perception be stored or hidden ?  And so with only one partial sensory Perception present & existing at any one time, the Sensation of the World is always an incomplete, vague, & sketchy impression at best.  We can compare this Mind-colored and filled-in illusion to the sketchy shadows of a dimly lit Rope, being mistaken for an entire Snake.  Once the light of clarity is cast upon the “Snake”, it is seen & known to have been a Rope all along.  Once the sketchy structure of the Sense-World is recognized for what it is, pure Consciousness remains apparent as the sole Reality.

Each Sense takes no account of any other Sense.  We must take Sights & Sounds & artificially link them with Sensations of Touch in order to construct a World at all.  Just like intermittent Sounds, so likewise do flickering momentary Visual pictures get blended with each other, & then with Sound track to create the “movie” of the World.

The old Hollywood movie “Brainstorm” reiterated the often played Science Fiction theme of total Sound-Sight-Feel-Taste-Smell-Think-Feel recording & playback on advanced multi-sensory & multi-cerebral recording media.  Whether it be electronic media, or hallucinatory drugs, psychotic distortion, hypnosis, dream, or physical illusions like mirage & rainbow, the question remains, how do we know for sure that the World we seem to experience right now is any more Real than any of these ?   Why could we not be like some sci-fi, Science Fiction character, an intergalactic espionage agent captured & plugged into a Vat or some other fabricated Life experience ?

While not a serious question, the point still merits fanciful contemplation.  Looking through the gaps that separate the Senses & the Time intervals between momentary Perceptions themselves, we see into a formless continuum upon which the ghost-like multi-sense-media image of the World is cast.  In looking back from that formless continuum, we are actually looking back from pure Consciousness.  The Perennial Philosophy of Vedanta declares the Sense images to be insubstantial shadows in that one Reality of Consciousness.

And then again, every Perception, be it well combined together with other perceptions or not, is itself only a particular type of thought-form.  And if Thoughts cannot contact one another, how are they to be combined ?  For all these thought-forms, Consciousness is the combiner, the holder, the viewer, the substratum.  At the very least, even if the World were taken as valid, then the option still remains to identify with Consciousness rather than with these objects.  In terms of the Quantum Mechanical Measurement problem, the question could be taken up from the viewpoint of being Consciousness rather than from the ordinary viewpoint of being a Body-object in a World of other objects.  The Senses present disjointed data interpreted as a World.

Calculus for Yogis, part 9:

The Laplace transform, like the Fourier transform (& there are many other transforms) display that pattern seen in integration by parts where the integral of a product of functions allows us to transform our description from one Variable to another Variable.

In Quantum Mechanical Hilbert Space, the Fourier transforms between Distance space & Momentum space.  In crystallography, it does so between Reciprocal space that determines Diffraction & Distance space, describing position of atoms in the crystal.

Both the Laplace & Fourier transforms, especially the Laplace transform, have some of there usefulness in the ability to exchange more intricate processes for addition processes.  We saw this in a similar way in use of Logarithms to substitute addition for multiplication.  In the case of Fourier transform, especially the Sine & Cosine are key elements.

With that in mind, we further our exploration of Sine & Cosine by considering a Unit Radius Circle & the Intersection of that Radius with the Circumference. If that Point of Intersection was the Point of reference, then its Horizontal position is the  x  Coordinate.  This would be the Cosine of the Angle between the Radius Line & the Horizontal X axis.  The Point’s Vertical position, the  y  Coordinate would be the Sine.

If we allowed that Point to revolve at a uniform speed CCW around the Circle, we could to shine a light from left to right & cast a shadow of that Point, bobbing up & down, in simple Harmonic motion, like a spring.  Part of that range could also be cast by the shadow of a Pendulum.

If we were to cast a shadow from a light below onto screen above, we would see the point moving to & fro in simple Harmonic motion, again representing the rise and fall of the Cosine [image rotated 90o].  If we were to allow those Points to have a pen attached in some way & have a uniform-speed of chart paper rolling underneath that pen. we would trace out a wavelike curve.  These in fact would be the graphs of the Cosine & Sine functions.

These Waves describe many physical phenomena, including Alternating Current. And so, we find that the Fourier transform is very useful in Electronics simply it exactly because of its component Cosine & Sine functions.  Again in Complex Space, the Exponential Function serves the role of combining these 2.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 65

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 65:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

In Non-duality, Meditation may be regarded as by the Self, for there is no other Knower, & upon the Self, since there is no Object of the Meditation. In Meditation upon Self-Knowledge one cannot stand apart from the Self to contemplate upon Self-Knowledge. 

Knowing the Self is being the Self, & Being means Existence, one’s own Existence.

No one denies one’s Existence any more than one denies one’s eyes, although one cannot see them.

The trouble lies with your desire to objectify the Self, in the same way as you objectify your eyes when you place a mirror before them.

You have been so accustomed to objectivity that you have lost the knowledge of yourself, simply because the Self cannot be objectified.

Who is to know the Self ?   Can the insentient Body know it ?

All the time you speak & think of your “I”, yet when questioned you deny knowledge of it.

You are the Self, yet you ask how to know the Self.

 The many objective differences are not real but are mere superimpositions on Self, which is of nature of True Knowledge.

If the idea “l am the Body” is accepted, selves are multiple.

The state in which this “I am the Body” idea vanishes is the Self since in that state there are no other objects.

Since the Body itself does not exist in the natural outlook of the real Self, but only in the extroverted outlook of the Mind which is deluded by the power of Illusion, to call Self, the Space of Consciousness, dehi [the possessor of the Body, lit: cremation fuel] is wrong.

The World does not exist without the Body, the Body never exists without the Mind, the Mind never exists without Consciousness, & Consciousness never exists without Reality.

For the wise one who has known Self by diving within himself, there is nothing other than Self to be known.

Since the Ego which identifies the Body as “I” has perished, the wise one is the formless Existence-Consciousness.

The jnani knows he is the Self & that nothing, neither his Body nor anything else, exists but the Self.

What difference could presence or absence of a Body make ?

Fine-Tuned Universe 45:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Haldane asked: Must we assume that the Universe is composed at the outset of Matter – eternal, unchangeable, & independent ?  Henderson had said: Biology deals, not merely with the “efficient” causes of ordinary Physics & Chemistry, but also with what Aristotle called “final” causes.”

It is in the Biological facts that “Teleology is revealed as immanent in Nature as of its essence & no mere accident appearing in the Physical Environment & not only in organisms.

Haldane believed: Biological concepts must be extended to the Inorganic world.  While knowledge of how this would work is not now present, it requires only a further extension of knowledge. Haldane’s hope for the future was that: Physics & Chemistry would be penetrated by conceptions akin to those of Biology.  If this occurs, “Teleological reasoning will take a natural place in the Physical Sciences”

This is not where Henderson was going; & in a later criticism Haldane stressed how his & Henderson’s divergent views & also the extent to which Henderson’s commitment to the understanding that living things are Physico-Chemical systems further separated them.

Henderson later reported that he stepped back even farther from Teleological guides. He also stated that he

became significantly more skeptical of Metaphysics – to the extent that he regretted some of his earlier writings, seeing the discussion of “Teleology, Vitalism, & so forth, more or less irrelevant & immature.

He noted that he had been less skeptical than he should have been & claimed that much of what he wrote in attempting to explain “Fitness” in Metaphysical & Teleological terms was meaningless.  But he did not reject “Fitness” as a concept & continued to see it as a valuable, & perhaps even the most interesting, part of his Scientific work.

Henderson restated the claims he originally for the critical role of Carbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen, which “make up a unique ensemble of properties . . . which are of the highest importance in the Evolutionary process,” making Diversity possible.

These elements, he emphasized, provide the “fittest ensemble of characteristics for durable mechanism.”  He still claimed: “For these facts I have no explanation to offer. All that I can say is that they exist, that they are antecedent to Organic adaptations, that they resemble them, & that they can hardly be due to chance.”.

“Fitness” did not challenge & provoke his contemporaries to take up the concept & use it as a guide to further scientific work. His later work on Physiological systems much more clearly evoked the laboratory labors of his contemporaries. Its detailed analysis of what he referred to as “an immensely complex system in equilibrium” served as a vigorous stimulant to further experiment & explanation.

“Fitness” remains to this day a symbol of attempts to provide broader explanation of the complexity of the Worlds of the living & the non-living. Henderson’s pre-World War I book was written at a time when the atom was gaining its redefinition at the hands of Rutherford, Rydberg, Mosley, & Bohr. This was before important new forms of chemical bonding had been established, & Biochemistry was still in its infancy.

One of  Henderson’s conjectures was that: “A possible abode of Life not unlike the earth apparently

must be a frequent occurrence in Space” & that perhaps even “‘thousands” of such planets exist. He further noted the current expectation of there being “many thousand million millions” of such possible abodes for Life.”

It is in this sense that Henderson’s “Fitness” takes on an expansive meaning. It has fueled renewed

interest in the Origin of Life & the obvious extension: the synthesis of Life in the laboratory.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The supposedly knowing Mind & the Universe known are both imagined.  Existence-Knowledge, which is Being-Consciousness, that alone is real.  The Reality exists without anything else.  That Self is alone the Knower & the Known, but any forms given to Knower & Known are only imagined.   Difference, which manifests only in the Mind within the Waking & Dream States, such difference is unreal.  Non-Dual Consciousness alone exists.

The ancient Sages gave their instruction in Silence & with Teaching that reveals how “That you are, (tat tvam asi).”  Inquiry into this instruction removes all ideas, of what is not the Self, from the Self.  This is like the proverbial negation the Analogy’s snake from the rope. Negation of the not-Self is never negation of a reality, but rather a negation of false assumptions or superimposition.  If real things would have to be negated, Liberation would be transitory, or not occur at all.  For how would it be possible for anything truly existent to go out of existence, or for something to actually change its nature.

Self-Inquiry & negation eliminate only Ignorance & Illusion.  All that is objective, & also the Ego, are negated by Self-Inquiry & negation summed up as neti, netinot this, not this”.  Such reveal Being, which is Consciousness, the one Self.

The Ego is ignorantly assumed to be the Self &, thus the Knower.  The conception of the Mind determine whether one is endowed with wrong knowledge, doubtful knowledge, or true knowledge.  With mis-identification, there is wrong knowledge. Then, what is regarded as knowledge is actually Ignorance.  Thereby arises self-caused Delusion regarding Happiness, Identity, & Reality.

With spiritual practice, wrong knowledge gives way to yet-doubtful knowledge. This means there is some actual knowledge regarding Happiness, Identity, & Reality. But this knowledge is not yet steady for it is either a conviction, without direct experience, or a conviction fused with some experience. But still, it is not steady because there remains the need to destroy remaining tendencies to mis-identify.

True Knowledge, however, is that state in which Knowledge is invariable. Also, here knowing & Being are one & the same. At all times, the same Consciousness is the only Knower, even when it appears as an Ego, a dissolving Ego, or as purely Ego-less.  This is just like a clear crystal appearing as if endowed with different colors or as transparent, according to the proximity of various colors, or the absence of them. In Truth, all such states & their content are known by the Self, have their apparent existence by the Self, which is free from them & depends on no thought whatsoever to know itself.  Even so, all such states & their content do not exist apart from the Self, though the Self itself can never be other than the Knowledge, Being itself.

Calculus for Yogis, part 8

First off, we attend to one of the various topics used in introducing Derivatives, topics that we have omitted, or in this case put off so far, for the sake of simplicity.

In previous examples we had talked about   y  being a function of   x   so that  y  is graphed on the Vertical scale &  x   is graphed on a Horizontal scale.  We also said that another Independent Variable like Time,  t   could be the horizontal scale.

Well graphs aside for the moment, both  y  &  x   can be functions of   t , while   y   remains a function of   x .  In that case,  with   x   being of the function of     &   y  begins as a function of   x ,  then what is called  y   as a function of    t   is a “composition” of the functions  y   &  x   in terms of   x‘s   variable   t .

(y  x)(t) = y(x(t))

Please know that the Rule for taking the Derivative of that Composition is called the Chain Rule.  In terms of just the differentials  d y,  d x,  d , it looks like they could be canceled & the expression below could be proven by simple canceling of terms.  That is a useful way of remembering how it works, but it doesn’t quite work that simply. That aside the Chain Rule is:

y/ d t  =   (d y/ d x)  x  ( d x/ d t)        the Chain Rule

The foregoing, that is: taking the Derivative of the function of a function, called the Derivative of a composition of functions, for purposes was a necessary prelude to an easy introduction to the next basic pattern that we had put off.  And that would be the general pattern or formula for taking the Derivative of one function times another, the Product of 2 functions.  Both are functions of the same Variable.  For instance, we can take Time as our Independent Variable & we have x & y to both be Dependent Variables, functions of Time,  t .

Then if we take the Time Derivative of the product  xy  it turns out as :

d(xy)/dt  =   y dx/dt   +   x dy/dt ,   which bears some resemblance to the Chain Rule, which it should when we consider (xy) to be a fuction of  x  &  y namely “multiplication” of the two.

d(xy)/dt  =  [d(xy)/dx]  x  [dx/dt]  + [d(xy)/dy]  x  [dy/dt]

=   y (dx/dt)  +  x (dy/dt)

thus the same Product Rule as above.  In other words, the Product Rule shows one function times the Derivative of the other, plus that other function times the Derivative of the 1st function, as it were, taking turns having the Derivative taken while simply multiplying by the other function.  We can also affirm the simpler expression in terms of just “differentials”

d(xy)  =   x dy   +   y dx

When we take the trimmed–down inverse of the Derivative or just the “differentials”, that inverse sometimes called the Anti–Derivative, the trimmed–down Indefinite Integral, of each of those last 3 terms:

∫ d(xy)  =  xy    =  ∫  x dy   +   ∫  y dx    , or rearranged to:

∫  x dy    =    xy       ∫  y dx

Corresponding to the Integral expression is on in terms of sums & differences:

n                                                                          n

Σ  fk     gk   =   [fn+1  gn+1     fm gm]  –   Σ gk+1    fk

= m                                                                    k = m

Again to put the Integral expression in other words, if taking the Integral of 1 Variable, such as  x  in terms of  y, is difficult, then we can instead take the Integral of that other Variable, such as  y  in terms of  x.  Taking the  xy  part as one kind of  “fix”  among various corrective factors, we here see for the 1st time, a relating of:

∫  x dy     to:    ∫  y dx

The Integral pattern of is more clearly a “change of Variable” from:   x  to   .

 x y   =   ∫ dy    +   ∫y dx

d/dt[ x y]   =    dy/dt    +   y dx/dt

d/[ x y]   =    dy    +   y dx

F (z)   =   ∫ (x)  e–2πxz dx   , taken from  –  ∞  to  

f (x)   =   ∫ (x)  e2πxz dz   , taken from  –  ∞  to  

Corresponding to Integral expression is the Fourier Series in terms of Sums:

.                                          N

sin (x)  =   1/2 Ao  +  Σ    [ An cos 2 n/P    +   An sin 2 n/P  ]

.                                        k = m

The Laplace transform, like the Fourier transform transforms a expression in ordinary Variables to one in a Frequency or “imaginaryFrequencytype Variable.

F (s)   =   ∫ (t)  e–st dx   , taken from  –  ∞  to  

f (t)   =   1/ 2πi  ∫ (x)  est ds   , taken from   γ – ∞   to   γ + 

To the Integral expression there is no corresponding is the “Laplace Series” in terms of Sums.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 64

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 64:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

All that you need do is to find out the origin of the “I-thought” & abide there.  Your efforts can extend only thus far. Then the Beyond will take care of itself.

The Ego-Self appears & disappears & is transitory, whereas the real Self is permanent.

You wrongly seem to identify the real Self with the Ego-Self.  See if that mistake has come about. The Ego-Self does not exist at all.

To whom is the trouble ?  The trouble also is imagined. Trouble & pleasure are only for the Ego.

Take care of yourself.  Let the World take care of itself.  See your Self.  If you are the Body there is the gross World also.  If you are spirit all is Spirit alone.

Do it yourself 1st  then see if the question of others arises afterwards. 

There is no goal to be reached, nothing to be attained.  You are the Self.  You exist always.  No more can be predicated of the Self than that it exists.

Seeing God or the Self is only being the Self or yourself.

Seeing is being. You, being the Self, want to know how to attain the Self. 

It is something like a man being somewhere & asking how many ways there are to reach the place & which is the best way for him. All that is required of you is to give up the thought that you are this Body & to give up all thoughts of the external things or the not-Self.     

People say they aren’t able to know the all pervading Self.

Even the smallest child says, “l exist. I do. This is mine.”

Everyone understands that the thing “I” is always existent.  Only when the “l” is there, is there feeling you are the Body.

Knowing one that is always “visible” is one’s own Self, is it necessary to search with a light ?

To say that we do not know the atma swarupa [the real nature of the Self] which is not different but which is in one‘s own Self is like saying, “l do not know myself.”

The nature of bondage is merely the rising, ruinous thought “I am different from the Reality.”  Since one surely cannot remain separate from the Reality, reject that thought whenever it rises.

 You speak of memory & oblivion of the fullness of the Self.  Oblivion & memory are only thought-forms. They will alternate so long as there are thoughts. But Reality lies beyond these. Memory or oblivion must be dependent on something. That something must be foreign to the Self as well, otherwise there would not be oblivion. That upon which memory & oblivion depend is the idea of the individual self.

 When one looks for it, this individual “I” is not found because it is not real.  Hence this “I” is synonymous with Illusion or Ignorance [maya_, , or ajnana].

To know that there never was Ignorance is the goal of all the spiritual teachings. Ignorance must be of one who is aware. Awareness is jnana.  Jnana is eternal & natural, ajnana is unnatural & unreal.

 In Deep Sleep man is devoid of possessions, including his own Body.

Instead of being unhappy he is quite happy. Everyone desires to sleep soundly.

The conclusion is that Happiness is inherent in man & is not due to external causes.

One must realize the Self in order to open the store of unalloyed Happiness.

 lf a man thinks that his Happiness is due to external causes & his possessions, it is reasonable to conclude that his Happiness must increase with the increase of possessions & diminish in proportion to their diminution. Therefore if he is devoid of possessions, his Happiness should be nil.  What is the real experience of man ?  Does it conform to this  view ?

Fine-Tuned Universe 43:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

There is still much that we do not understand about nature. Ultimately the path is based on principles of Chemistry & Physics & Geology – that could plausibly have led from disorganized mixtures of inanimate chemicals to the astonishingly ordered, self-replicating networks of  reactions that provide the basis for life. The fact that we cannot yet understand how an inconceivably large number of tries at an extraordinarily improbable event might lead to “Life” is more a reflection of our limited ability to understand than evidence of a requirement for some new principle. But, having said all of that, we do not know whether Physical Science ultimately explains the origin of Life or whether the explanation will require principles entirely new. Science makes every effort to develop the explanation.

Science may ultimately be successful in rationalizing the origin of Life in terms of physical principles, it should be cautious & claim credit only for the puzzles it has already solved, not those whose solutions still lie in the future.  The central conundrum about the origin of Life – that, as an accidental event, it seems so very improbable is not one that Science has yet resolved. Claiming credit prematurely claiming, in effect, that current Science holds all the answers may stunt the growth of the new ideas that a resolution may require.

We do not understand how Life originated. Order from disorder !  How could it have happened ?   Difficult problems may take time – lots of time – to solve.

The Fitness of the Cosmos, “bio-centric” & “fitted” for Life, “fitness” & “fine-tuning”, raises the question: why can & does Life exist in our Universe ?

Zero-point Energy & the Casimir Effect

Vacuum Zero-point Energy  is vast, seemingly large. Naively, it is infinite, limited only by absence of Planck length short wavelengths.  One phenomenon that is considered as evidence for the Vacuum Zero-point Energy is the Casimir Effect, the quantized Electro-Magnetic Field between a pair of grounded, neutral metal plates. The Vacuum Energy contains contributions from all wavelengths, except those excluded by the spacing between the plates. As the plates draw together, more wavelengths are excluded & the vacuum energy decreases.  The decrease in energy means there must be a Force doing work on the plates as they move. This Force has been measured and found to be in good agreement with the theory.  A spectral “Lamb shift” has also been thought to be partially due to a Zero-point Energy effect.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

If one is immersed in Samsara, the repetitive Cycle of Illusion, Birth, & Deaths, filled with Suffering, the way to liberate oneself is by Self-Knowledge. Liberation, which is the goal of spiritual practice, is one’s own if, inquiring to know the Self, he discards all notions of  “me” & “mine” attains complete certitude as to the Space-like nature of Reality, & “abides” devoid of physical & mental forms, & the assumption of an Ego-entity.

If the Self would change states, such as states of Ignorance & Knowledge, of Bondage & Liberation, that Self would be destructible, & Liberation itself would be artificial or unreal. Liberation is not a change of state from one state into another state.  It is not reasonable to imagine a separation & later union in relation to the Self, for then both would be transitory. Transience cannot be attributed to the Real, just as the unreal cannot be attributed to the Real, or the dual to the Non-Dual.  Since there truly can be neither later union nor prior separation, Liberation cannot consist of an Individual entering into Brahman or Brahman coming to the Individual.  The True Nature of the Self is never destroyed, is changeless, is uncaused, & cannot be obtained or lost.  Any new appearance, or coming into being of any state would be the Effect of a precedent Cause. Such would be changeful, transitory, & not self-existent. Such cannot be permanent Liberation.  Self-Knowledge alone is Liberation.  Knowing the Self to be oneself is the greatest attainment.  To wrongly assume the non-Self to be the Self is Ignorance.

The removal of the superimposed mis-conceptions of what the Self alone is constitutes the path to Liberation.  No other view is reasonable, since such always involves some Dualism, some belief in an existent individual experiencer & a self-existent objective thing. There is also then the conception that Reality becomes other than what it is, & that the unreal actually comes to be.  Liberation cannot be a change of condition, because such involves mutability & thus destructibility, parts or divisions, & a change in its nature.

Any belief that superimposition occurs on some substrate of non-existence, or that belief that Illusion can actually create itself, or that there is no Absolute Self, all such beliefs should be abandoned. This is because of the existence of Being itself is irrefutable. Furthermore, it is not reasonable that something could come out of “nothing”. Superimposition (in Illusion) occurs on some real thing, & this for “someone” who knows the Ignorance.  What is it Ignorance of ?  And who knows is the Ignorance for ?  If one so inquires, one find that Being alone exists, Consciousness alone exists.

Calculus for Yogis, part 7

Now in a certain version of   e  in what’s called “complex space”  describes a Circle even though we don’t see that in ordinary  x   &   y   coordinates, where we see a gradually rising  &  then rapidly rising curve.  The special “complex space” version is graphed as a Circle, often with Radius 1.  If we look, for instance, at a Radius heading to the upper right direction, & at the point where it intersects the Circumference, we can drop a Vertical line & create a Right Triangle that includes as a Base, the  x  axis.

The angle that the Radius line made with that x-axis Base can be called Angle  A .  To some extent  Angle  A   is characterized by the ratio of that Vertical line length to the length of X axis Base.  This “Opposite” side over “Adjacent” side ratio, called the Tangent of  A  is one of the ways to calculate the Slope, in fact the Derivative of the slanting line of the Radius.  This tangent of a, abbreviated as  “tan A”  & can in turn be considered the ratio of 2 other functions of  A.

The vertical line for this unit Radius Circle equals has a length equal to  Sine  A, abbreviated as  “sin A”.  The portion of the x-axis making up the Base has a length equal to  “Cosine A”.  [If the radius were more or less than 1, that proportion would be multiplying these functions, sin A & cos A, but have no effect on tan A.]

So whereas  tan A  is definable as “Opposite over Adjacent”,  sin A  can be defined as “Opposite side over the Radius”, the hypotenuse.  That  =  1   in this case.  The  cos A  can be just found as the  “Adjacent side length over the radius”, again just equal to that length because the Radius  =  1.

More meaningful than defining Sine & Cosine in terms of right triangles is to consider them as the Coordinates of that point of intersection of the Radius & the unit Circle formed by a complex space version of   e x .

In that sense some of this complicated version of   e  is composed of the  Sine of  x  & Cosine x.  We see this showing up in the (Power Series) Polynomial Infinite Series for sin  x  &  cos x .

Recall that:

e x   =  Σ   x n / n !       =    1   +  x    +   x 2 / 2 !    +   x 3 / 3 !     +    ….

n  = 0

& now we compare that to:

sin x  = Σ (1)n  x 2n+1 / (2n+1) /=   x  –   x 3 / 3 !  +   x 5 / 5 !  x 7 / 7 !  .

n  = 0

cos x  =  Σ  (1)n  x 2n / 2n !  =  1   –   x 2 / 2 !   +   x 4 / 4 !   –   x 6 / 6 !  ….

n  = 0

Again, the alternating Minus signs arise out of the “complex space” relationship.

Thus we reduce more complicated Exponential & Trigonometric functions to more ordinary Polynomial terms & compare the Polynomial series for  e x  with the Polynomial series for  sin x  &  cos x  because we know how to take the Derivative of those terms.

We previously took the Derivative of that expression for  e x ,  term by term, to show that the Derivative the of each of terms numerically goes back to, is equal to our initial  e  .

Doing the same for  sin x  &  cos x,  we find that the Derivative each of terms goes back to terms of the other Series,  sin x  to  cos x,  &  vice versa. except that the Minus signs are reversed in the 2nd case.  That is, the exercise shows that: the Derivative of   sin x  is =   cos x,  &  the Derivative of  cos x  is  =   –   sin x .

We saw that we can look at the inverse of the Derivative, in a matter speaking, which is called the Integral, with the so-called “indefinite” Integral. We truly have that inverse to within a added constant, leaving that added constant out, or making it be a 0,  Then we can treat the Indefinite Integral as if it was the inverse of the Derivative.

So looking at a couple of Polynomials like  7 x2  +  4 x  + 3,  we saw that the Derivative is 14 x  +  4 , & for Integral we go the other way to:  7/3 x3  +  4/2 x  + 3x  +  a constant.

Up until now we delayed introducing any version of the symbol for the integral because it’s unduly strange looking, scary, and off putting to the uninitiated.  But will simplify it by saying that the symbol is based on a big “S”.  In fact since it’s a Roman alphabet “S”, in a way. it’s less exotic than the Greek capital “S”, Sigma that we saw for a generic term representation of an Infinite Series.  In any case, that statement just above can be rewritten symbolically as:

d/d x [7 x2  +  4 x  + 3]   =   14 x  +  4                                        (Derivative)    &

∫ [7 x2  +  4 x  + 3] d   =   7/3 x3  +  4/2 x  + 3x  +  a constant     (Integral)

The Analogy we drew was that the Derivative is the projected Perspective toward Happiness, viewing toward the estimated Future, based on the immediate past average; & the Integral is an accumulated memory or record by which we define Reality & Identity , instead of the Happiness.  Looking at these rather complex looking structures created on paper, we van so peak at the Mind, much as elsewhere we compare the Mind to Mathematical Coordinate Spaces.  Math mirrors Mind.

Now there are special reasons for seemingly idle curiosity about sin x   &   cos x .  For one thing, these 2 functions are the building blocks of the many “wave” phenomena that we see in the Sciences.  Back in the area of Mathematics, but Mathematics very applicable to Science, the sin x  &  cos x  are also building blocks for the Fourier transforms.  Fourier transforms & Laplace transforms, Quantum Mechanical Correlation, & similar topics will also be introduced by taking a closer look at the Integral in general.

Derivatives & Integrals can often be determined by systematic rules, like the Power Rule such as is the case for Polynomials.  But in other cases when we take the Integral, solving is more of an art form,  Detective intuition, trial & error, & so forth yield some basic processes, one being Integration by Parts.  We pause in our discussion to look at Integration by parts because it will serve as a foundation for the idea of a Transform.

What we will see is actually closer in form to Conjugate Variables in Quantum Mechanics, which are the basis for the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. Quantum Mechanics also uses the Fourier transform to move from ordinary Distance Space to a Transform of that, called Momentum Space. And so with these motivations we will look at Integration by Parts.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 63

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 63:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Of 3 classes of spiritual aspirants, the most advanced realize the Self as soon as they are told about its Real Nature.

Those in the 2nd class need to reflect on it for some time before Self-awareness becomes firmly established.

Those in the 3rd category usually need many years of intensive spiritual practice to achieve the goal of Self-realization.

As a metaphor, Combustion describes the 3 levels: Gunpowder ignites with a single spark, Charcoal needs application of heat for a short time, & wet Coal needs to dry out & heat up over a long period of time before it will begin to burn.

For the benefit of those in the top 2 categories it is taught that the Self alone exists & that it can be directly & consciously experienced merely by ceasing to pay attention to the wrong ideas we have about ourselves, These wrong ideas are collectively called the “not-Self‘ since they are an imaginary accretion of wrong notions & misperceptions which effectively veil the true experience of the real Self.

The principal misperception is the idea that the Self is limited to the Body & the Mind. As soon as one ceases to imagine that one is an individual person, inhabiting a particular Body, the of wrong ideas collapse & are replaced by a conscious & permanent awareness of the real Self.

There is no question of effort or practice All that is required is an understanding that the Self is not a goal to be attained, it is merely the awareness that prevails when all the limiting ideas about the not-Self have been discarded.

Perfect Bliss is Brahman.

Perfect Peace is of the Self.

That alone exists & is Consciousness.

Happiness is only the Nature of Self.

Self is not other than perfect Happiness.

Happiness alone exists.

Knowing that & abiding in the state of Self, enjoy Bliss eternally.

Obstacles which hinder Realization the Self are habits of Mind [vasanas].

Overcome the mental habits [vasanas] by realizing the Self.

It is the Ego which raises such difficulties, creating obstacles & then suffering from perplexity of apparent paradoxes.

Find out who makes the Inquiries & Self will be found.

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 43:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Henderson‘s Biological “Fitness”:.

“Fitness” and “Order” have taken on other meanings more expansive than Henderson intended.  Henderson to limit what he saw as some of the metaphysical turns given. In some ways, these views were unavoidable given Henderson’s own often imprecise ideas and his choice to use a term like “Teleology” & attempt to give it his own meaning.

From early on in the years after “Fitness”, Henderson kept making clear his lack of sympathy with ideas of Vitalism; & although he resisted announcing himself a committed Mechanist [~ Scientist, Physicalist, Atheist, Materialist], he clearly indicated his receptiveness to its explanatory outlook. In his paper “Mechanism, from the standpoint of physical science” he once again revisited the debate begun as early as 1915 & rejected the Vitalism proposed by Haldane.  Haldane’s conviction that it is impossible to conceive organization in physical & chemical terms, this seems by no means impossible to most physiologists. .

When Henderson turned to the organismic views of Alfred North Whitehead he was cautious.  Yet in his review of Whitehead’s “Science and the Modern World”, while clearly appreciative of the development of the concept of organization, the “. . . doctrine Whitehead calls the theory of organic mechanism,” Henderson is not fully enthusiastic.  He notes a “lack of unity in the exposition,” with the author “still engaged in working out his theories.” Although he can “dimly . . . perceive” the possibility of overcoming the difficulties “. . . that have produced the conflicts between Mechanism & Vitalism, & between Freedom & Determinism . . . hope has been so long deferred…it is natural to be a skeptic”.

other perspectives on Biological “Fitness”

Terminology in this context is still somewhat fluid. The term “Multi-Verse” is also often used where a single originating event brings about an Ensemble of Domains that do share a causal relation with one another at the moment of Origin, although not later. We restrict the term “Multi-Verse” to the Infinite Domain with its infinite series of Inflation events.

But this is likely to be the exception. At any rate, in the case of Carbon, recent calculations seem to indicate that the Fine-Tuning first apparent in the Chemistry of the various nuclei involved carries over to the level of basic Physics: were the Strong Force to be greater by as little as 5 %, or the Electro-Magnetic Force to be greater by perhaps 4 %, the production of Carbon & Oxygen in the infant Universe could have shut down.

Chemistry plays a double role here, 1st in revealing the Fine-Tuning required in order that Carbon should form, & 2nd in implying the plausibly necessary role that Carbon plays in the economy of Life generally. These are 2 separate arguments.

But the decisive element in establishing the Fine-Tuning itself still lies at the level of fundamental Physics: must the relevant Physical Constants be constrained within a tight percentage range so that the Chemistry of the Universe should be open to the development of Life ?  Do any other plausible instances of Fine-Tuning exist in the basic Chemistry of the raw materials required for living processes ? .

Fine-Tuning in Biology

What are the prospects for discovering instances of Fine-Tuning in realms other than Physics & Chemistry – in Biology, say ?  It is helpful to draw some inferences 1st from the structure of the Fine-Tuning argument in its native home, Cosmology.

Biological considerations play an indispensable role in all discussions of Cosmic Fine-Tuning. But in this role they are not part of the Fine-Tuning claim itself.  Typically, proponents of Fine-Tuning allege that an unexpected degree of constraint on some Physical parameter or basic constant is necessary if some other Physical condition is to be realizable in the Universe.  Then, in a separate argument, this latter condition is held to be necessary for the Universe’s being open to the development of complex Life.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

If one is immersed in Samsara, the repetitive Cycle of Illusion, Birth, & Deaths, filled with Suffering, the way to liberate oneself is by Self-Knowledge. Liberation, which is the goal of spiritual practice, is one’s own if, inquiring to know the Self, he discards all notions of  “me” & “mine” attains complete certitude as to the Space-like nature of Reality, & “abides” devoid of physical & mental forms, & the assumption of an Ego-entity.

If the Self would change states, such as states of Ignorance & Knowledge, of Bondage & Liberation, that Self would be destructible, & Liberation itself would be artificial or unreal. Liberation is not a change of state from one state into another state.  It is not reasonable to imagine a separation & later union in relation to the Self, for then both would be transitory. Transience cannot be attributed to the Real, just as the unreal cannot be attributed to the Real, or the dual to the Non-Dual.  Since there truly can be neither later union nor prior separation, Liberation cannot consist of an Individual entering into Brahman or Brahman coming to the Individual.  The True Nature of the Self is never destroyed, is changeless, is uncaused, & cannot be obtained or lost.  Any new appearance, or coming into being of any state would be the Effect of a precedent Cause. Such would be changeful, transitory, & not self-existent. Such cannot be permanent Liberation.  Self-Knowledge alone is Liberation.  Knowing the Self to be oneself is the greatest attainment.  To wrongly assume the non-Self to be the Self is Ignorance.

The removal of the superimposed mis-conceptions of what the Self alone is constitutes the path to Liberation.  No other view is reasonable, since such always involves some Dualism, some belief in an existent individual experiencer & a self-existent objective thing. There is also then the conception that Reality becomes other than what it is, & that the unreal actually comes to be.  Liberation cannot be a change of condition, because such involves mutability & thus destructibility, parts or divisions, & a change in its nature.

Any belief that superimposition occurs on some substrate of non-existence, or that belief that Illusion can actually create itself, or that there is no Absolute Self, all such beliefs should be abandoned. This is because of the existence of Being itself is irrefutable. Furthermore, it is not reasonable that something could come out of “nothing”. Superimposition (in Illusion) occurs on some real thing, & this for “someone” who knows the Ignorance.  What is it Ignorance of ?  And who knows is the Ignorance for ?  If one so inquires, one find that Being alone exists, Consciousness alone exists.

Calculus for Yogis, part 6

Now just as we call the Integral the inverse of Derivative, will then Derivative is the inverse of Integral.  This reciprocal kind of relationship also applies to functions themselves.  So the inverse of Multiplication is Division as we saw in going from Polymer Derivative to Integral; & the inverse of Addition is Subtraction.

Well the inverse of something more complicated like the Exponential function acquired the name Logarithm.  This was part of its role in making calculation feasible before they were calculating machines.  The qualities of Exponents are such that Multiplication of Terms raised to a Power involves Addition of the Exponents.  And so the Logarithm creates a relationship between Multiplication & Addition. So devices like a slide rule could use Addition distances to effect Multiplication & tables of Logarithms allowed Addition to serve the purpose of Multiplication,

Logarithms, the inverse of the Exponential function happens to be called the Natural Logarithm designated “ln x” whereas “Log x”  with no special base mentioned is assumed to be aligned with the Decimal number system, meaning the inverse of 10x , that is the Log to the base 10, can often just be called “Log” as the default.

But with computers using Even numbers of what are called “buses” or wires to build on the duality of 0 or 1, of a voltage On /  voltage Off, the Binary number system introduced the usefulness of raising 2 to various powers, or taking the Logarithm to the base 2.

Other Powers of 2 are also useful in computer science, specifically 2 to the 4th which is 16.  This “Hexadecimal” alternative to the Decimal number system uses 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F instead of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17.

In any case, the Logarithm serves another good purpose, besides being the Inverse of Exponential.  It gets us around the difficulty of dividing by 0 when we take the Integral of 1/ x .  There it looks like raising the  –1 power to 1 higher would take us to Zero power, thereby “losing” the Variable since x 0  =  1.  Mysteriously, that Integral turns out to be “ln x“;  &  d x/ x  =  d ln x.  On occasion we will glance at “Mysterious” coincidences presented to us by Mathematics.  The relationship between   ln x   &  1/x   is only a minor example, only slightly mysterious.  Uncountable others show up in the annals of Mathematics a few small examples here follows:

    92  =  81                   8 + 1  =  9

  452  =  2025           20 + 25  =  45

  552  =  3025           30 + 25  =  55

  992  =  9807           98 + 01  =  99

2972  =  88209        88 + 209  =  297

7032  =  494209    494 + 209  =  703

9992  =  998001    998 + 001  =  999

1/ 27  =  .0370370370 …      &    1/ 37  =  .0270270270

There are no tricks explaining these coincidences, even multiple coincidences in one expression, like there are tricks in some elementary grade school math puzzles.  These truly amazing coincidences, when by accident noticed by mathematicians & scientists, are sometimes referred to in ways like “God winking at you.”

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 62

 

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates have been available on:

jstiga.wordpress.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 61

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 61:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

All that you need do is to find out the origin of the “I-thought” & abide there. Your efforts can extend only thus far. Then the Beyond will take care of itself.

The Ego-Self appears & disappears & is transitory, whereas the real Self is permanent.

You wrongly seem to identify the real Self with the Ego-Self.  See if that mistake has come about. The Ego-Self does not exist at all.

To whom is the trouble ?  The trouble also is imagined. Trouble & pleasure are only for the Ego.

Take care of yourself.  Let the World take care of itself.  See your Self.  If you are the Body there is the gross World also.  If you are spirit all is Spirit alone.

Do it yourself 1st  then see if the question of others arises afterwards. 

There is no goal to be reached, nothing to be attained.  You are the Self.  You exist always.  No more can be predicated of the Self than that it exists.

Seeing God or the Self is only being the Self or yourself.

Seeing is being. You, being the Self, want to know how to attain the Self. 

It is something like a man being somewhere & asking how many ways there are to reach the place & which is the best way for him. All that is required of you is to give up the thought that you are this Body & to give up all thoughts of the external things or the not-Self.     

People say they aren’t able to know the all pervading Self.

Even the smallest child says, “l exist. I do. This is mine.”

Everyone understands that the thing “I” is always existent.  Only when the “l” is there, is there feeling you are the Body.

Knowing one that is always “visible” is one’s own Self, is it necessary to search with a light ?

To say that we do not know the atma swarupa [the real nature of the Self] which is not different but which is in one‘s own Self is like saying, “l do not know myself.”

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

To Jupiter, and beyond the Infinite.               “2001” movie

To Infinity, and Beyond !        Buzz Lightyear, Pixar character & toy “of the decade”

Fine-Tuned Universe 41:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Reasoning “forward” is much more problematic. Although we can imagine many possible mangers for the Birth of Life deep “smokers” [~ volcanoes] in the abyssal depths, tidal pools, hot springs, & many others and although each could plausibly produce primitive precursors to many of the reactions that now constitute cellular metabolism, we have no idea how these simple reactions might have blundered together to make the first proto-cell. Monkeys sitting at typewriters pecking out Shakespeare seems child’s play by comparison. For example, we still do not know:

What were the first catalysts ?  Were they protein-analogs or RNA-analogs or minerals or some other species of which there is now no trace ?

How did the first networks form, & why did they persist ?  One can imagine countless catalytic reactions that might have occurred, but how some of these reactions became self-sustaining networks is entirely obscure.

How could the process that stores the information that specifies the catalysts the RNA or precursor of the primitive cells have evolved ?  The connection between RNA (or its younger, more evolved cousin, DNA) and the proteins that are catalysts, the enzymes, is not at all obvious; how the 2 co-evolved is even less clear.

How did the energetic cycles that power every cell emerge ?  Why is there Potassium ion on the inside of the cell & Sodium ion on the outside? What was the origin of Chemiosmosis the extraordinary complexity of the ATPases the complicated aggregates of proteins that generate ATP using the free energy that derives from differences in the concentration of ions across membranes how could they have evolved ? We simply do not know.

Nothing in the cell violates the Fundamental Laws of Physical Science. The 2nd law of Thermodynamics, the law that describes everything that occurs in the range of sizes relevant to Life, can sleep untroubled.

The flux of Energy now (although not necessarily originally) produced in nuclear reactions in our Sun, transferred to the surface of Earth as sunlight, absorbed by plants in Photosynthesis, captured as Glucose & other compounds, used in the cell to generate the intermediates that make metabolism possible, & ultimately dissipated to Space by radiation as Heat can evidently support Life.  But how Life originated is simply not apparent.  It seems so improbable !  The complexity of the simplest cell eludes our understanding how could it be that any cell, even one simpler than the simplest that we know, emerged from the tangle of accidental reactions occurring in the molecular sludge that covered the prebiotic Earth ?

We do not understand. It is not impossible, but it seems very, very improbable.

This Improbability is the crux of the matter. The scientific method can be paralyzed by problems that require understanding the very improbable occurrences that result from very, very large numbers of throws of the dice.  Sometimes we can understand the statistics of the problem; sometimes we cannot.  How likely is it that a comet will hit the Earth ?  We now have good geological records.  How likely is it that a Star will explode into a Nova ?  There are many, many observable Stars, & we now understand the statistics of Nova formation quite well.

But how likely is it that a newly formed Planet, with surface conditions that support liquid Water, will give rise to Life ?  We have no clue, & no convincing way of estimating.  From what we do now know, the answer falls somewhere between “impossibly unlikely” & “absolutely inevitable.”  We cannot calculate the odds of the spontaneous emergence of cellular Life on a plausible prebiotic Earth in any satisfying and convincing way.

Calculus for Yogis, part 4

There are many ways to approach  e  but one easy way is to look at how simple increase occurs, how, as afore mentioned above, the Derivative, the rate of growth   d y / d x  for  ex  happens to numerically equal the value of   y  =  ex   itself.  This describes that common situation of “the more you got, the more you get.”  Wealth grows faster & faster the larger the amount or principal grows as  et   also.

A savings account, compounded continuously, grows that  et   way which Einstein called “the most amazing thing in the Universe”, which was kind of a joke because he was privy to many amazing things about the Universe.  Some say that we “cannot get our heads around” the Exponential function because a Brain–Mind neuro-circuit “functions” in Exponential functions & like an eyeball, cannot see itself, but only a reflection or photo of an eyeball.

Weatherby way out on the high steep artwork early on in the flat part and reset the scale we get the same appearance so it’s always rising the same way but it always looks like from your present point that the pass was very flat and slow in the future getting incredibly steep this is the rise in CO2 in the atmosphere the rising temperature of the planet in average temperature of the planet in climate change the rising population the rising various pollutants and so on as mentioned increasing bank accounts rise that way and decreasing bank accounts descend according to E to the X into the minor sex which is also the dissent of radioactivity over time in a sample of radioactive material or if that is a pure element or pure isotope

So if we know that  d y / d x  happens to be numerically equal  y  when   y  ex  we must wonder about this curious number   e   which, as it happens can be determined in various mysterious ways, such as the following:

e =   lim  (1 +  1/ x)x

x => ∞

Both a “limit”, like the preceding, & infinite series to be soon mentioned, “converge”, rather than “blow up”, for x  smaller than 1.  When we evaluate e  itself by setting x  = 1  in   ex ,  we get:  e ~   2.72,   e =  2.718281828 …  and then no other repetition occurs right away.  But that early repetition of  18281828  allows us to actually remember to great accuracy because it’s got that 18281828  pattern.

The succeeding numbers vary and are not generally repeating in such a Transcendental number where the number the different numerals goes on forever.  And yet we can say the number in itself has a distinct value, as in saying that   is the value of parenthesis one plus one over  x , all to the  x   in the Limit that  x  goes to Infinity.  Now that’s all more abstract than “the more you got, the more you get.”  & that the rate of increase  numerically equals the value of the function itself.

Then optional notation to augment the Infinite series Polynomial approach that here follows will be veritably “opaque” to the uninitiated but it deserves mention because of its elegance.  The “factorial” for 5, for instance, is  5! = 5×4×3×2×1  =  120.  That same kind of  “count dawn”  works generally, with the quirky Zero case here being:

0!  =  1!  =  1

Much as for the Zeroth Power, the initiated might appreciate that for m  =  n :

=  m ! (m – n) !   =    n ! (n – n) !      n ! (0) !  =   n ! /  1    =   n !

This behavior or definition for  0 !  is necessary for calculating Probability with factorials.

The “factorial” is about the most rapidly growing function of an Integer, & it simplifies even the first few terms of an Infinite series, & more so a generic term.

That’s the easy part, because the other useful optional notation to augment the Infinite series Polynomial approach for use with the generic term is a “Summation” indicated by “Sigma”, the Greek capital letter “S”, namely Σ :

4

Σ n   =   4  + 1  =  10.    [like it or not, take it or not – optional]

n=0

Both a “limit” above & the Infinite series to be soon mentioned, “converge”, rather than “blow up”, for x  smaller than 1.  In the case of infinite series, an approximate value results after a limited number if terms.

For example & for practice, one Series of simple terms suggests modification of the shortcut approach to estimating “uncertainties” in Arithmetic.

1/(1 x)   =    1  +    +    x 2   +  x 3   +   x 4   ….    for small  x]

The same pattern holds for decimals. but is perhaps most easily seen for fractions of .99  & 1.01.  The approximate rule for “uncertainties” states that we keep the same number of “significant figures” as in  1.0/.99  ~  1.0   whereas  1.0/.99  ~  1.01  is more meaningful, even though a ratio of  2  figures  goes to an approximation with 3 figures.  But this treatment follows:

1/ .99   =   1/(1 .01)    ~   1  +  .01  +  .0001    ~    1  +  .01     =   1.01

Likewise, for a fraction of 1.01:

Correspondingly, the “same number of significant figures” yields as in  1.00/1.01  ~  .990   whereas  1.0/1.01  ~  .99  is more meaningful, even though a ratio of  3  figures  goes to an approximation with 2 figures.  But again, this treatment follows:

1/(1 + x)   =    1   –    +    x 2    –  x 3   +   x 4   ….    for small  x

1/1.01  =  1/(1 + .01)    ~    1   –  .01  +  .0001    ~    1   –  .01     =   .99

Aside from the series treatment, the consistency in both cases follows a  1%  “uncertainty”  &   %uncertainty is the truer rule.

In a similar vein, we can familiarize ourselves with Polynomial series with 2 similar approximations:

1/(1 x)2   =     1  +   2  +  3 x 2   + 4 x 3   +  5 x 4   ….    for small  x

&

1/(.99)2    =  1/(1 .01)2     ~    1  +  .02    =   1.02

1/(.99)3    =  1/(1 x)3   =     1  +  3  +  6 x 2   + 10 x 3   +  15 x 4   for small  x

&

1/(1 .01)3      ~    1  +  .03    =   1

To indicate these 2 Polynomial series in the above-mentioned  “Summation”  “Sigma” notation:

1/(1 x)  =       Σ  x n / n   =   1  +    +    x 2   +  x 3   +   x 4   ….    for small  x

n  = 0

1/(1 + x)  =  –  Σ  x n / n   =  –    –  x 2 / –  x 3 / 3  –  x 4 / 4    ….   small  x

n  = 0

1/(1 x)2   =  Σ  n x n –1    1  +   2  +  3 x 2  + 4 x 3  + 5 x 4     …. small  x                             n  = 1

1/(1 x)3  =  1/2   Σ  (n–1) n x n –2   =   1  +  3 +  6 x 2  + 10 x 3  + 15 x 4 

n  = 1

=   0  +  1/2  x  1  x  2  x  x0   +   1/2  x  2  x  3  x  x1   +   1/2  x  3  x  4  x  x 2   +   1/2  x  4  x  5  x   x 3   +   1/2  x  5  x  6  x   x 4

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The basic premise of Non-Duality is that the Absolute exists & that the Absolute is identical with oneself.  Therefore, Self-Knowledge is equated with the Realization of the Absolute.  The basic premise of spiritual practice is that one knows that the Absolute exists & that realizing the Absolute is of utmost importance. This realization is Self-Realization. What is need for this Self-Knowledge, or Realization, is the relinquishment of the assumptions or concepts, that yield the Illusion of Bondage & Suffering.  Knowledge of one’s Being, as it is, yields enduring Freedom & Peace.  The true Self transcends the limitations of any kind of Individuality, Time, Birth, & Death. The Self is impersonal & is not confined to any Body or Individual.

One’s approach to one’s spirituality, meditation, & this Non-Dual Knowledge is of paramount importance, for the approach very much determines the experience. How one views anything determines how it appears to him.  Clarification of one’s understanding of oneself causes one to arrive at Self-Knowledge. To know this as being so, is itself the dawning of that Self-Knowledge.  Deep meditation dissolves the Ego, Ignorance, & Bondage of one who ardently meditates. Self-Inquiry within oneself to know oneself reveals the true Self to be limitless Consciousness, Absolute Being, & unconditioned Bliss.

This one’s very Existence.  One should continue meditating on the Teaching of Self-Knowledge by the practice of Self-Inquiry until one conclusively realizes the Self & abides without the least trace of Ignorance or Bondage. Listening (sravana), reflection (manana), & deep meditation (nididhyasana) are said to constitute ways of practicing Self-Knowledge.  Self-Inquiry: “Who am I ?”, knowing oneself free of mis-identification, & steady Abidance as the Self always, these are the inner experiences of listening (sravana), reflection (manana), & deep meditation (nididhyasana).

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates have been available on:

jstiga.wordpress.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 60

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 60:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Your duty is to be, & not to be this or that.

All that is required to realize the Self is to be still.

The Self is not now understood to be Truth, the one Reality.

 The Truth of your Self alone is worthy to be scrutinized & known.  Taking it as the target of your attention, you should keenly seek to know it in your spiritual heart. This Knowledge of yourself will be revealed only to the Consciousness which is silent, clear, & free from the activity of the agitated & suffering Mind.

 Whenever you are disturbed by thoughts you need merely withdraw within to the Self This is not concentration or destruction of the Mind but withdrawal into the Self.

The Mind, turned outwards, results in thoughts & objects. Turned inwards, it becomes itself the Self. To ask the Mind to kill the mind is like making the thief the policeman. He will go with you & pretend to catch the thief, but nothing will be gained.

So you must turn inward & see from where the Mind rises & then it will cease to exist.

The Mind is only a bundle of thoughts. How can you extinguish it by the thought of doing so, or by a desire ?  Your thoughts & desires are part & parcel of the Mind. The Mind is simply enhanced by new thoughts rising up. Therefore it is foolish to attempt to kill the Mind by means of the Mind. The only way of doing it is to find its source & hold on to it. The Mind will then fade away of its own accord.

 It is with the inward-going Mind that you eliminate the outward-going Mind.

You do not set about saying there is a Mind & I’m going to kill it, but you seek the Source of the Mind. Then you will find that the Mind does not exist at all.

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Fine-Tuned Universe 40:

The mechanism, Vitalism, & Teleology debates in the opening decades of the twentieth century had already been rehearsed in the responses to Henderson’s own attempts to reconcile the mechanical & the vital in a single system.

If the concept of “organism” had been the first major stumbling block for mechanism, psychology, or mind, raised the bar for mechanism even higher.

The structure of Henderson’s arguments was cast very much in the mode of  Claude Bernard’s earlier use of levels of explanation. Henderson vigorously rejected Haldane’s claim that “all attempts to trace the ultimate mechanism of Life must be given up as meaningless.” Instead, he countered with his own stand:

“And for my own part I am obliged to say regarding Haldane’s statement, ‘The phenomena of Life are of such a nature that no physical or chemical explanation of them is remotely conceivable,’ that is true only in a sense quite different from its apparent meaning.” In having to confront the anti-mechanism of Haldane, Henderson further identified his own location as he attempted to reconcile the worlds of life and matter.

In 1917, Haldane noted that with the wide adoption of natural selection the nineteenth-century conception

of Teleology had largely dropped from scientific discourse. He further noted that Henderson accepted Natural Selection, yet wanted to maintain a version of Teleology based on the physical properties of matter in the Universe & the organisms existing in a functional relationship – the Teleological arrangement: avoids all.

The tools of modern molecular biology have given us an astonishing capability to examine, modify, deconstruct, & reconstruct the molecular components of cells to see how they respond to our tinkering. The simplest cells (such as those of the primitive intracellular parasite Mycoplasma genitalium appear to have

fewer than a thousand proteins. That number of catalysts is still very complicated, & we have as yet no conceptual tools for understanding a network of reactions of  such complexity. But this level of complexity does not, in principle, seem unreachably beyond our understanding. A cellular network of a thousand proteins – catalysts & molecules that sense, signal, and control passage across membranes; act as the

structural skeleton; & perform many other functions) talking to one another in groups through the compounds they produce seems to be something that we will be able to disentangle. Certainly, those who call themselves “systems biologists” believe we will. Still, the path that scientists are now following in trying to understand the molecular basis of Life will test their creativity & strain their endurance: first, understanding the pieces of the networks as thoroughly as possible; then, perhaps, devising a computer model of a cell; and ultimately, in some distant future, validating the correctness of the principles suggested by this model by designing a set of reactions entirely different from those in the cells we now know. It is one thing to analyze a Bach fugue; it is quite a different thing to play one, or to write one, or to create the kind of communication between humans that we call “music.” We shall, I confidently believe, eventually analyze the fugue of Life – the interplay of metabolic processes in the cell – as a network of compartmentalized, adaptive chemical reactions that can, astonishingly, replicate repeatedly into identical, distinct, separate networks. This is a very difficult job, but one that we humans can accomplish. But where did the cell come from ?  How did this wonderfully, astonishingly complex system come into existence ?

We do not know. If it is very difficult to understand the operation of cellular life as we observe it today, it is even more difficult to understand how it might have originated in the Past. Thoughtful, deeply creative people from a wide range of backgrounds have been captivated by the question of the Origin of Life. There is no shortage of ideas about pieces of this puzzle. We know how the surfaces of minerals might have

provided elementary, non-biological catalysts to start the process & how heat or sunlight might have contributed other reactions. We can guess why certain types of molecules & reactions tend to occur in metabolism. We understand how any number of plausible natural events occurring in a conceivable pre-biotic Earth – events that formed complex mixtures of chemicals in geothermal vents, in lightning, on impacts, & under intense solar irradiation – might have contributed relevant bits of chemistry.

But we do not understand how something as subtle & complicated as the network of reactions that we recognize the cell to be – a network both responsive & robust – might have emerged from these rudimentary processes. How could a chemical sludge spontaneously become a rose, even with billions of years to try ?

We can take two approaches in our research directed toward the Origin of Life: reasoning backward & reasoning forward. “Backward” starts with Life as we know & characterize it now – cells, DNA, RNA, enzymes, membranes, metabolites, membrane receptors, channels, & import/export proteins – & extrapolates back to simpler & simpler systems to try to infer an Origin. This approach has been spectacularly successful in “reverse engineering” Evolution, at least part of the way; but it has always been guided by examples provided by the types of cells that are now alive. Still, there seems little doubt that Evolution could proceed once there was a primitive cell, with RNA or an RNA-like molecule, & reactions that used RNA as a catalyst & also translated RNA into protein or protein-like catalysts that were part of the network of reactions.

Several hundreds of millions of tidal pools, together with enormous volumes of lakes & oceans, over several hundreds of millions of years provided many opportunities to produce cellular & organismic complexity. This part of the development of the complexity of Life no longer seems to be a serious issue, at least conceptually. And the anatomical & physiological structures that now so enthrall us – the eye, the ear, the kidney, tentacles, muscles – these all seem to me trans-fixingly interesting products of Evolution, but not ones whose origins are incomprehensibly improbable.

If we & the squid have the same camera eye, why not ?  With enough tries, “best” solutions are bound to emerge many times. If some creatures walk on 2 legs, some on 4, some on 6 or 8 – again, why not ?  Many solutions may work well enough to survive the rigors of Evolutionary selection.

Calculus for Yogis, part 3

Previously we noted that the Derivative of a Variable raised to a higher order  n  where the Coefficient was say 5 would get a Coefficient of 5 n  & have the Variable brought down to n–1, as in 6 down to 5, & so on.

Thus the Derivative of   5 x6 ,   =  6  x 5  x6–1  =  30 x5

This Power Rule, makes taking the Derivative of a Polynomial simple.

When several terms with Variables of various Powers are added together [possibly to include minus signs], we can take Derivative of the resulting “polynomial”, term by term, separately. We can just add the Derivatives of the individual terms so that the Derivative,

d y / d  of   y  =   5 x6    6  x3   +  10 x    +  4   becomes:

d y / d x   =   30 x5    18 x2   +  10    

This additive simplicity, & that of the “Power-Rule” sketched out above, encourage us to stick with Polynomials in this elementary discussion.  Some other kinds of functions can be represented as “series”, which resemble Polynomials with an infinite number of terms.  By taking the Derivative, or “differentiating” each term, we can explore the elementary Calculus of some other functions as well, such as the Exponential function & some Trigonometric functions.

Many of us know that  π  is a very special number. It’s called a Transcendental number because it has a specific value, but the decimal representation goes on forever, with no final repetition of patterns in the numerals. So we can never really represent the entire decimal of  π.  But we know that it is “there somehow”, a definite  π that is the ratio of the Circumference of a circle to its Diameter. Now the Diameters is twice the Radius & the Radius is more useful in many discussions.  So it’s often said that instead of the Circumference being  π times of Diameter, we say it’s 2 π times the Radius.

Like  π  then, there are other special Transcendental numbers, a couple of which we will be mentioning.  The 1st of these other numbers is named for a mathematician named Euler whose name began with  e  & so it is called  e.  And  e  is also conveniently the 1st letter of the word “Exponent”, so when we raise  e  to an Exponent, we actually call it the Exponential function  as  in   ex  which is also designated Exp (x).  Convenient for our Analogies, “e” can also remind us of “Ego”.

As we indicate below, the Exponential function  Exp (x)  =   ex ,  stands, as it were, “outside” of Time in that both the Future projection (Derivative) & the Past memory (Integral), in the simplest case, come back as ex  itself, identical without change.  This compares with taking close-ups of graph of  ex.

First, we do well to consider the “diagonal” line:   y  =  x ,  set to one square page such that the line spans the diagonal, from the lower left corner to the upper right corner.  If we were to take a close-up of the line graph at any portion, & the blow that portion to fill another square page, the result will look the same, be the same as the original square page.  Much the same be demonstrated for any other straight line, but such is not the same for almost all curves.  But it is strikingly the case for ex.

We can again set  ex  or even  et  [t  for time] similarly to one square page so that the “Past” tail arises from the lower left corner & approaches the upper right corner at the “Future” rising wall.  For consistency of observation, if we “stand” in mid curve & look back on e or even  et  , toward the “Past”, it always looks rather flat, like not much increase has occurred so far.  If we look forward toward the “Future” rising wall it appears sheer & steep.  “Past”, it always looks rather flat, like not much increase has occurred so far.

If we were to take a close-up of  ex  at any portion, & the blow that portion to fill another square page, the result will look the same, just like the straight line. This supports the earlier intuition & observation that the Exponential function stands “outside” of Time in that both the Future Derivative & the Past Integral come back as ex  itself.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The negation of attributes & limited definitions of Brahman, as given in such spiritual instructions, must be understood to be the negation of attributes & limited definitions of the Self.  If the instructions are to be applied to oneself, those instructions involve the negation of superimpositions, of what is not the Self, upon the Self.

The descriptions of the Self & the negation of attributes & limited definitions of the Self would be meaningless if they referred to some sort of other “Self” different from the aspirant’s own self.  Such negations would further clarify that the Self is bodiless, non-sensory, without prana (“life force or energy”), free from thought, etc.

There are not 2 selves in the same one being (apparent person or human being).  There is 1 Self, & when known as it is, the Self is known to be Infinite & Eternal, not a limited individual being, but just Non-Dual Being.

To realize this, the Knowledge of oneself as the Self, free from the Body & such, this Knowledge must become as certain & steady as the belief of a human being that he is a human being. No human being doubts this on any occasion.

When that human being determines by Self-Knowledge what, in Truth, that Existence is, that Being exists, then Absolute Being is known. And if that Knowledge is without doubt & without wavering, one has thus known what needs to be known, has experienced what needs to be experienced, & has realized what needs to be realized.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates have been available on:

jstiga.wordpress.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 59

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 59:

Some   Ramana Maharshi quotes:

Man is always the Self & yet he does not know it.  Instead he confounds it with the non-Self, Body. etc.  Confusion is due to Ignorance.  If Ignorance is wiped out, the confusion will cease to exist & the true Knowledge will be unfolded.

 The thought “I have not realized”, the expectation to become realized, & desire of getting anything. are all the of the workings of the Ego.

 Be what you are.  All that is necessary is to lose the Ego. That which is, is always there. 

 Even now you are that.  You are not apart from it.

 The degree of the absence of concepts is the measure of your progress towards Self- realization. But Self-Realization itself does not admit of progress, it is ever the same. The Self remains always in Realization.

 The obstacles are concepts. Progress is measured by removal of obstacles to understanding that Self is always realized.  So thoughts must be checked by seeking to whom they arise.  Go to their source & they will not arise.

 When one daily practices more & more abiding in the heart, the Mind will become extremely pure due to the removal of its defects, & the practice will become so easy that the purified Mind will plunge into the heart as soon as the Inquiry is commenced.

 When you enter the inner stillness of Being,  the heart-going Mind is called the resting Mind.

 When unity is replaced by a variety of perceived phenomena, it’s called outgoing Mind.

 Know that the Consciousness always shines as the formless Self, the true “I”.

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Fine-Tuned Universe 39:

One of the earliest, but also the fullest, reviews of Henderson’s “Fitness of the Environment” appeared in Science (1913).

“This book is essentially a discussion of the nature & implications of organic adaptation, that is, of the relation between the living organism & the Environment, but is written from an unusual point of view, with the  full identification of Carbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen &their unique characteristics which make possible the production of living protoplasm.”

They demonstrate “the  greatest possible fitness for Life”.   Included was the transfer of the conception of Fitness from the Organic to the Inorganic Environment, which thereby achieves the reciprocal nature  of biological adaptation. However, Henderson had not dealt with adaptation is, as a general condition or process nut not in detail with the organism itself & the interrelation between organisms & the  Environment.

Of course, the Universe is a fit environment for Life because it continues to exist in it. Granted, systems  having the properties of living beings could not have arisen had the properties of Carbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen, & of their combinations, been other than they are.  Most biologists would see the central thesis Henderson advanced  as either self-evident or inherently unprovable.

Henderson said this World is the best possible Environment for the organisms that came to live in it, but what of other  organisms in a different cosmos ?  Biologists saw the book as an essay on the elements & compounds that form protoplasm, thus calling attention to often  overlooked “facts & principles”.

Questions remained regarding  the final significance of biological adaptations, Henderson showed surprise that the Environment & the organism possess similar characteristics. The surviving  organic forms are those that have been able to maintain equilibrium with their  Environment.  If conditions change & organisms can’t compensate, they will fail.  That, after all, is what Natural Selection is all about. The task of biological science is thus left where we found it: to account for the characteristics of organisms on the basis of the physico-chemical characteristics of their component elements & compounds  & to demonstrate how these living characteristics are formed  by the Environment. That means that Life was somehow potential or implicit in matter, in the Universe.

Such a statement can have little meaning, since it is remote from the possibility of  verification.   J. D. Bernal, the materialist, in his book The Origin of Life (1967) summed it up succinctly: all of Henderson’s evidence shows that “Life had to make do with what it had, for if it failed to do so it would not have been there at all.”

Is there a way out by postulating a Universe bio-centric from its inception ? Complexity, peculiarities, & stability of organisms would be unintelligible except for something of this sort.  How then  is it possible to reconcile Teleology & the existence of will & purpose in Nature with the existence of a physico-chemical determinism which appears the more rigid, the further scientific analysis proceeds ? This question would require biological knowledge for a solution if one is ever achieved.  Henderson’s book points biologists to the “importance & urgency of these questions.

Raymond Pearl, the population biologist, opened his 1913 review with reference to a metaphysical diversion “of my academic & intellectually irresponsible youth,” in which orthodox Darwinism was turned on its head. “Is there  not quite as much justification, so far as the objective facts of Nature are concerned, for one to say that the Environment is adapted to the organism as there is for him  to make the converse propositions ?”

Could natural selection, “or any other mechanistic hypothesis,” stand up to the task ? Before Henderson’s “Fitness”, no systematic efforts had been made to examine the fitness of the elements of the Environment for sustaining Life.  Henderson’s own examination was in many ways a remarkable one. He showed “conclusively” that the known Environment of the Earth is better adapted to the needs of organisms than any other that could be constructed.

Henderson showed that “existing science” was unable to give any “satisfactory mechanical explanation” to the reciprocal Fitness of organism & Environment while not ruling out its possibility. Here was a Teleology in the form of a purposive tendency working steadily through the whole process of Evolution.

This tendency is not something which can be weighed or measured but is rather an original property of matter “assumedly not by chance, which organized the Universe in Space & Time.” In other words, it falls beyond  the bounds of science. Pearl called “Fitness” a “logical sequel to the Origin of Species.”

Calculus for Yogis, part 2

Mentioned in last section regarding the traditional difference between Variables  “ x” & “ y” we considered “Dependent” & “Independent” Variables; “Intensive” & “Extensive” Variables.  Taking the pair 1st: intensive & extensive, we can note that extensive Variables compare to gross amounts, while intensive Variables can represent more abstract principles, less measurable like Qualia.  In that sense these latter tend to be more “Non-Dual”, less gross & densely material.  Where such an Analogy breaks down is along the dependent independent  axis thought to often run parallel to the  “ y x”  or intensive extensive polarity.

In general, the Derivative is a projection from the recent Past pointing to the immediate Future.  This is the way we navigate in life, taking the very recent Past, & projecting the expected Future.  So the Derivative, as well as being a slope, is a prediction, a projection, a best guess as to the immediate Future behavior of   y  , given the immediate Past behavior.

What happened to  y  over the recent change in  x  becomes our best guess for what will happen to   y   in the next-most change.  So the Derivative is all about our anticipation of the Future, our hopes & our fears, our guesses, with successful guessing balanced by reasonable projections.  Since seeking Happiness, dictates all our choices, a projection in the immediate Present, pointing towards an estimated Future, like the Derivative is like an arrow aiming at, seeking, pointing to desired Happiness, at least in our Analogy.

The other shoe coming down under the foundation of Calculus, the twin counterpart to the Derivative, is the inverse of the Derivative. This  inverse is called the Integral. The Integral, which we will also attempt to simplify, establishes a longer record of the previous Past, accumulating results, averaging to some extent, & establishing a base of Reality & Identity, again least in our Analogy.

One could almost say that the Derivative was a continuous reevaluation. our changing of our course.  But actually the course is an issue of the curve itself, the Function.  That’s the course over Time, or over Space, are over Angle etc. Applied to the Derivative, this is an ongoing perspective, how I look ahead, a viewpoint.

In that sense  the Derivative does compare with the actual motivation for every changing course, every maintaining the course, every choice & decision.  That motivation is the seeking of Happiness, & so that is one of the Analogies for which we can use the Derivative.  The Integral on the other hand is more like the accumulation of Memory, of things learned, of opinions solidified, by accumulation over Time, or Space, or Angle or whatever.

An interesting feature in Math is a small raised number or Variable put immediately to the right of a number or variable such as 3 or  x.  This raised, small number is called the Exponent & it tells you how many times to multiply the number or Variable by itself.

So  x  to the 1,  x1   means multiply    by itself just one time (1x)  & so it just  =   x .

An Exponent of  2, as  in   x2   or   x   “squared”  means we multiply   x   times   x  ,

If    happened to be 4,   that latter would mean, multiply 4 x 4  = 16.

Continuing our elementary introduction to Calculus, we can look at the Derivative of any simple Term, which means a Variable to a given Power or Exponent, with a leading numerical Coefficient.

So a term like 7 x “cubed”  or 7 x3 “to the 3”  has a Derivative of  d y / d x  when  y  equals 7 x  to the 3 that is simply found by taking the Exponent to multiply the Coefficient & then dropping the Variable to a Power or Exponent that is 1 less.

So the Derivative of the 7 x3  is  3 times  7  x2   =  21  x2    & this applies to every Power.

Now in our story of elementary patterns in Calculus, it is interesting to look at various Exponents or Powers of the number, or Powers of a Variable, including taking  x  to the 0  (Zeroth) Power & multiplying it by any Coefficient.

To multiply something by itself is 0 times does not leave you with 0.  It curiously leaves you with  1.

For those a little more familiar with Algebra, this can be easily seen (without the distraction of fuller explanation for now) on the following:

=  xa / xa  =   xa–a   x0

So no matter what be the number or Variable that is raised to the 0 power, the result equals 1.  In that sense. when we put a number in front of  x0, this is just that number times 1.  So,  7 x0   simply  =  7  x  1  =  7.

So we end up just with the Coefficient, the number, because  x0   =  1.  Inversely,  7  =  7  x  1   =  7 x0  so we can see that the Derivative of a constant number has us multiplying the Coefficient by Zero.

So when we take the Derivative of a simple number, we can first think of that as that number multiplied by 1, or that number multiplied by some Variable x  to the  0  Power  because the latter is simply 1.

So using the “Power Rule” exemplified above, the Derivative of  7  =  7 x0  will be 0 times the 7  & so  =  0.

So a Constant number or a function like  y  =   5  has Zero or “no” Derivative.  Seeing that its graph is a horizontal flat line, it makes sense that it has no slope.

Along with the Zeroth Power case, the First Power is another kind of “special” & simple case.   First we note that the Power, 1, multiplies the Coefficient, leaving it unchanged. Then, dropping the Variable to a Power or Exponent that is 1 less, this reduces the First Power to the Zeroth Power, or the number 1.  The Derivative then is just the Coefficient, the number when the Variable to the Zeroth Power equals 1.

So for the Derivative of a Term with the next higher power,  7 x  =  7  x1 ,  we take the 1 & multiply the 7 by the 1 & drop the power of  x   to  0  which equals 1 so did Derivative of 7  x1   = 7×1 = 7.   So the Derivative of a number times a simple  x   is just a number itself.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

Consciousness is self-luminous. By the light of Consciousness, all appears.  When Consciousness disappears, Consciousness is still the same.  The known has no light of its own. Inquiring, one should trace the Light inward to realize that which is perpetually illuminating.  That ever-shining colorless Light illumines the Senses & the Mind, but can never be seen by the Senses, or envisioned by the Mind.  Knowledge, or direct experience of this Light consists of the Identity with that Light.  Changeless, blemishless, ever-free, immovable, eternal, bodiless & imperishable, without Ignorance or Knowledge, the Self is of the nature of Consciousness alone.

Existence, the Self, is the sole, ever-enduring, Non-Dual Reality.  The aspirant can know Absolute Being or Brahman, only if the aspirant is identical with Brahman. The aspirant cannot know That if That (Brahman) is different from the aspirant. The Self, being Non-Dual Consciousness, cannot know anything or anyone other than Consciousness.  The Self, being the sole-existent Consciousness, cannot be known by another.  The Self alone can know itself.

There would be no use for the countless descriptions of the Absolute by the Scriptures & the holy Sages if That, the Self, were other than one’s own Self. There would also be no use for the negation of all limited definitions if That, the Self, were other than one’s own Self.  For what purpose would be served by speaking of something that was never experienced by those Sages, those authors of the Scriptures, something could never be experienced by all ?

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates have been available on:

jstiga.wordpress.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 58

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 58:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Fine-Tuned Universe 38:

In his Fitness of the Environment,Henderson was struggling not to be misunderstood, and he concluded his preface with a plea:

” I beg the reader to bear this in mind & constantly to remember one simple question: What  are the physical & chemical origins of diversity among inorganic & organic things, & how shall the adaptability of matter & energy be described ?  He may then see his way  through all the difficulties which philosophical & biological thought have accumulated  around a problem that in the final analysis belongs only to Physical Science, & at the end  he will find a provisional answer to the question.”

But misunderstood he was. At least he thought he was. His correspondence was filled with letters attempting to clarify & define “Teleology” [the end purpose of things].

“The Idea  of Teleology:  If you will look at a living organism, or at a watch, you will  find that it possesses, like many other things in the World, a pattern. There is a certain  peculiarity, however, about the pattern of the watch which resembles the peculiarity of the pattern of the living organism, & differs from the peculiarity of the pattern of certain other things possessing other well-marked patterns, such as, for instance, the orbit of a planet, or  a geometrical figure. This seems to me to be an objective characteristic of the watch which we know to have been an excellent proof of the fact that the watch was designed.

It seems to me also to be an objective characteristic of the organism, & in the case of the organism, the current interpretation of explanations of it is that it is Natural Selection.   What I maintain is that there is a pattern in the ultimate properties of the chemical elements & in the ultimate physico-chemical properties of all phenomena considered in relation to each other. I do not mean to say that this pattern is exactly of the same nature as the pattern of the watch or an organism. Still less do I mean to say or to imply anything about Design or Mind. The only Minds that I know are the Minds of the individual organisms that I encounter upon the Earth. But I feel perfectly justified, in spite of a certain unavoidable vagueness & ambiguity, in using the word “Teleology” for the pattern in which I am interested.

The important thing to my Mind is, nevertheless, not any doubtful talking about the proper name to discuss such a thing, but the fact itself. That is to say, the objective fact that the properties of the elements bear a certain very curious relationship to the process of  Evolution.”

In” The Order of Nature”, Henderson’s philosophical explorations came farther forward  as he recounted the ideas of natural organization & Teleology in a wide array of earlier authors from Aristotle through Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Goethe, Bernard, Dreisch, J. S. Haldane, & Bosanquet.  But the problem of reconciling mechanism in nature with indications of purpose, was that: there was indeed “a teleological appearance of  the World…It is something that is real…”

The solar system, meteorological  cycle, & organic cycle seem to imply “a harmony which corresponds to an order in Nature.”  “What is the mechanistic origin of the present order of Nature?”  The answer may be approximately solved by discovering, step by step, how the general laws of physical science work together upon the properties of matter & energy so as to produce that order.

Henderson he had achieved limits set on Teleology: “Science has  finally put the old [Medieval Scholastic] Teleology to death. Its disembodied spirit, freed from Vitalism & all material ties, immortal, alone lives on, & from such a ghost Science has nothing to fear. The man of Science is not even obliged to have an opinion concerning its reality, for it dwells  in another “world” where he as a scientist can never enter.

But Henderson had struggled to reach this point in his argument. As he summed  up his thinking, he again asked the question “What then becomes of Fitness ?”  He had  already banished all metaphysical Teleology from Science & was left to explore 2 possibilities: “An unknown mechanistic explanation” of both cosmic & organic Evolution exists – or it does not.”

While Henderson found it hard to credit such an “unknown” explanation, he added, with the historian’s eye, that before Darwin’s enunciation of Natural Selection, it was hard to imagine a mechanical explanation of Biological Fitness. Therefore, at the end of Fitness he warned: “We shall do well not to decide against such a possibility.”

When Henderson was composing “Fitness”, he had rejected the then current theories  of Vitalism & that of a Designer for nature; but he had insisted on maintaining the term “teleology,” albeit adjusted as he saw “fit.”

Calculus for Yogis, part 1

[In a manner somewhat similar to Coordinate Space analogies used here, “graphs” play heavily here, if only because some of the Mind works this way.]

The idea behind this “Calculus for Yogis” segment is to use a simplest introduction to Calculus as a ongoing Analogy for certain spiritual principles.  In dealing with Math at this very Intermediate level, it serves to warm up if we consider the idea of a “Variable”, typically designated as “ x“.

To the uninitiated, this is sometimes called in popular speech, the unknown quantity. [I remember nuns in grade school complaining about then–commercial use of “X” in X–mas for Christ–mas, seemingly an “insult” to the Savior.  Actually, the “X” stood in for the Greek Chi, χ.  An even more obscure confusion took the capital of Eta, η, which as Н looked like the Roman alphabet “H”.  Seeing this apparent “H” in the middle of the abbreviation “JES” for “Jesus” (ancient Greek script had only capitals), the less literate Medievals said “Jesus H. Christ”.]

In any case, “ x” sometimes is “unknown”.  But more to the point, “ x” is a “Variable”, meaning that “ x”  can be any Real Number.  “Variables” are symbols that can take on a range of numerical values.  Depending on the situation, it can later be “known”, but the “Variable” nature, the symbolic, generic nature of “ x” is the key point.

If we need another Variable, we often use  “ y” why. And if another is needed, it may well be “ z“.  We often see this usage, not as fixed rules, but just as traditions.  By the same token, tradition has us using “n” when the variable is one of Integers, whole numbers. And if we need another Integer Variable, one, we might use “m“.

Now in further exploring the traditional difference between “ x” & “ y“, again not strict rule, we can consider “Dependent” & “Independent” Variables; “Intensive” & “Extensive” Variables.  The terms independent & extensive, & also dependent & intensive are used below in the following specific ways for  “ x”  &  “ y”  respectively.

independent  –  a measure of Time, Space. Angle. etc. that “roll on”, often “linearly”, unaffected by other influences.

extensive       –  a measure again, often as other than Time, Space. Angle. etc.  The extensive Variable doubles & so on when other influences 2x, & so on.  Twice as much Time may result in twice as much Mass appearing. for instance.

dependent     –  a measure of some result, changing with Time, Space. Angle. & that is affected by these & other influences.

intensive       –   a measure that does not double & so on when other influences 2x & so on.  Temperature of hot water will not double, & so on, with a 2x increase on the quantity of the same Temperature water.

Δ x  B A   is typically the change in an independent, often extensive quantity.  The evolution, the transformation, of that aspect of the path or journey often gives direction, in terms of to & fro on a 2-D graph.           .          .                 .       .

A                B

Δ y  D C    is typically the change in a dependent, often intensive quantity. Often, over a Duration or Time interval, or a traversing a Distance or Displacement, the change in a dependent, often intensive quantity (or some similar linear measure of ongoing change in perspective, such as angle, and so on).  This appears as ups & downs on a 2-D graph.                              D    .

                                                                 |

                                                                 |

                                                           C   .

Δ y / Δ x   is the “slope“, the “steepness” or “slant” of a rising (or descending) “curve” of y  vs.  x, even if it should happen to be a straight line.                                                                                            /

/

/

By looking at that ratio called “Delta y over Delta x“, the “rise over the run“, we weigh the recent history or progress of  y  over the span of  x  considered.  Again, that span will be of Time or Distance or in most cases some other extensive quantity, be it Angle, and so on.

Putting the same ratio in terms of A, B, C, D, this slope becomes  (B  – A) / (D  – C). Here we can see a “minus” as giving the change in going from A to B, or the evolution or progress of  y as it went from A to B.

[For Analogy purposes: (B  – A) can be the “imagined” span in unreal Time or Space over which an unreal objective change is envisioned.  Then, (D  – C) represents that unreal objective change.]

The ratio, putting the change in   y  over the change in the extensive variable  x,  from C to D or D  – C, puts a scale, a calibration, to our measure of the change in  y.

When the differences in   become infinitesimally small, the capital Greek “D” or Delta, Δ  (for average Slope) is replaced by the simple lowercase Roman alphabet “dee” or “d” & the “ratio” of  d y / d x  is also called the “Derivative“.

Like many terms in Calculus, including the term “calculus” itself, the “Derivative” comes to sound scary, perhaps inherently so.  But this is also due to the twinge of fear, in part due to the word, when used by early grade school teachers who 1st come to mention it.  Some of these teachers are afraid of what they take to be a topic daunting to themselves.  Imparting that fear, along with the strangeness of the word, complexity becomes associated with terms like “calculus”.  The original word just means counting the little “stones”, as in an abacus, or the beads upon the wire in a pool hall, or the rosary for a pious Catholic.  “Calculus” is just counting.

So it is with “Derivative“, the technical limit of this slope of  Δ y / Δ x .  This is the limit where the tiny interval of the considered changes become infinitesimal, designated  d y / d x  with the lowercase “dee” or  “d”.  This then is the 1st foundation of Calculus, the Slope, the Derivative.  How are we to look at it, or what Analogy can we make ?

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

For Realization of the immortal Bliss of eternal Being, one should know oneself as the Knower alone, which is unalloyed, boundless Consciousness. In knowing the Self truly, one knows that Consciousness is never non-existent & never alters its nature.  Consciousness is never an experiencer, never a thinker, never a sensory perceiver, never a performer of action, or an individualized knower since Consciousness is without an Ego.

Thus, one who knows himself truly, knows, “I am without a Body, & I am not engaged in bodily action. I am without Senses, & I am not engaged in any sensing. I do not have speech; & I do not speak. I do not have prana; & I neither live nor die. I do not have a Mind; & I never think. I am not an “I”, or an individual being & there is nothing I become.”

Such a Sage need not think that this is so.  It is so, & expression have merely been given to these truths to indicate that which actually ineffable & of the nature of silent Knowledge. Since the eternal Self is always of the nature of Consciousness, it is ever without Ignorance.  Similarly, the Self is without knowledge conceived as a state or mode of Mind.  The Self has no states or phases, & therefore, is beyond both Ignorance & Knowledge. The only true Knowledge is the Self, itself.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates have been available on:

jstiga.wordpress.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 57

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 57:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe , the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 37:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

In structuring his turn of the 20th Century argument in Fitness of the Environment, Henderson pointed to the Darwinian  view of fitness as involving a mutual relationship between the organism & the  environment & stressed the essential role of the environment as being of equal  importance to the evolution of the organism. He opened his argument with the  following paragraph:

“Darwinian fitness is compounded of a mutual relationship between the organism & the  environment. Of this, Fitness of the Environment is quite as essential a component as the  fitness which arises in the process of organic evolution; & in fundamental characteristics  the actual environment is the fittest possible abode of life. Such is the thesis which the  present volume seeks to establish. This is not a novel hypothesis. In rudimentary form it  has already a long history behind it, & it was a familiar doctrine in the early nineteenth  century. It presents itself anew as a result of the recent growth of the science of physical  chemistry.”

His strong claim was that the actual environment is the fittest one possible for living  organisms. Even as a sophomore at Harvard, Henderson confided in his “Memories” that he  had “a vague feeling that there are not only many undiscovered simple uniformities  behind the complexities of things, but also undiscovered unifying principles &  explanations”.

But there was more. Alongside this explanation, he  recounted that he came upon William Prout’s hypothesis concerning the  periodic classification of chemical elements (all are multiples of the atomic mass of  hydrogen) & felt the order involved must have an explanation. Was he retrospectively  claiming that he had himself become “fit” to search for an understanding of  the “fitness principle”? He was certainly willing to stray beyond the boundaries of  the laboratory & the conceptual borders of the sciences.

Henderson began attending the philosophy & logic seminars of Josiah Royce  in Harvard’s Department of Philosophy. Through this channel, he came to know  the works of Alfred North Whitehead, Bertrand Russell, & other contemporary  philosophers. He continued to sit in on philosophy seminars in subsequent years.  In the preface to Fitness of the Environment, he generously acknowledged Royce:

“His learning &  generosity have in the past aided me to reach an understanding of the philosophical  problems of science, & in the preparation of this book have repeatedly guided me  aright”. Royce himself had expressed belief in a form of universal teleology in. The World & the Individual, & he enthusiastically called Henderson’s  work to the attention of other philosophers. In a long footnote at the conclusion  of Fitness, Henderson cited Royce’s teleological vision.

The two joined with other  Harvard faculty to discuss issues in the history & philosophy of science.    In his work, Henderson’s ideas of fitness developed along with a growing interest  in regulation of the physiological processes of the organism. Although he only later  referred to this work, it was very much in accord with the concept of maintaining  the milieu developed in the later decades of the nineteenth century by Claude Bernard & other contemporaries.

But in his paper on the excretion of acids, Henderson  zeroed in on the seeming fitness of certain substances for physiological processes,  pointing to the excretion of phosphoric acid as an indicator of renal action needed to  maintain an acid–base balance: “There seems to be nothing in evolutionary theory  to explain it & for the present it must be considered a happy chance . . .”

In “Memories,” Henderson looked back & noted that he had questioned whether  the role of carbon dioxide & phosphates was somehow linked in retrospect to  special properties that made them more appropriate for physiological processes.

“I saw that fitness must be a reciprocal relation, that adaptations in the Darwinian sense  must be adaptations to something, & that complexity, stability, & intensity & diversity  of metabolism in organisms could not have resulted through adaptation unless there were  some sort of pattern in the properties of the environment that, as I now partly knew, is both  intricate & singular.   His research focus became water, carbon dioxide, & other carbon compounds . At the level of theory, he looked  for a single order that linked biological & cosmic evolution. Was  the explanation he sought mechanical or teleological? But teleology, as he used the  term, was limited. There were no final causes, no entelechy. The  “teleological principle” in his understanding was inherent in matter & energy.  These natural phenomena have original principles “essentially not by chance.” But  Henderson was consciously agnostic & refused to seek or find religious links for  teleology. For Henderson, teleology stood in parallel to mechanism, not as a replacement for it. As he put it in the preface to The Order of Nature: “Beneath all the organic structures & functions are the  molecules & their activities… they . . . have been molded by the process of  evolution…and have also formed the environment.”

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple Master Nome:

The Self alone knows.  The which is objective, inclusive of the Ego, can have no knowing power.  For all that is objective is not Consciousness itself & is therefore unreal.  The objective & unreal cannot know themselves, cannot know each other, & cannot know the Knower.  The only Knower is the Self which the unknown Know of all that is known.  Though it cannot be known objectively, the Self is nonetheless known in Self-Knowledge devoid of the triads of knowing-knower-known, by the Self itself, which is the Self of the Sages who truly know.

The Self is the true Knower of Knowledge that is referred to in the Upanishad aphorism, tat tvam asi “Thou art That” & not anything else.  Anything else would be a mere superimposition on the real Self & would have no such Knowledge.  There is no other Knower. This is the all-comprehensive Knower, which is Absolute Consciousness itself, ever-free, homogenous, Non-Dual, & space-like.

This Knower is is realized when the illusory objective aspect has been negated. The Knower can never be the known.  All that is known is subject to destruction, but the essence of the Knower can never not be.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.”   the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome Ajata Vada

for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/