Category Archives: Science

Happiness & the Body

A) Advaita (Non-Duality) – Absolute (Brahman, Shiva, Dharmakaya, Buddha-Mind, Tao)


Philosophers struggle to define Happiness in terms of “well-being”, “positive feeling tone”, achievement of one’s “well informed’ (relatively wise) desires, & so on.

The Oracle in The Matrix did a better job if we could borrow her hint about “being the One.” She said it’s like falling in Love. No one has to tell you (no one could tell you, no deny your claim). You just know it (directly) “through & through”.

In the context of Non-Duality, the Sages tell us that Happiness is our Real Nature, as one sense of Ananda in Sat – Chit – Ananda, Existence-Consciousness-Bliss. For the same reason that we seek Self-Knowledge, seek to know our own Identity, we likewise seek Happiness, which is our Identity. Cessation of Existence is inconceivable, so that those who identify with a Body will fear Death. Enlightened or Ignorant, either way, such cessation of Existence is unacceptable because we intuit that this would bring an end to Happiness.

Self-Knowledge & thus true & lasting Happiness are gained b y the removal of Ignorance as to our own Identity. So to inquire: Who am I ? & to subjectively find the “Inquirer” to be the answer, to be that pure Existence & Happiness this alone is the final & lasting solution to our unending search for Happiness.

When I breathe, turn left or right, think this thought or another, all is done to increase Happiness or to decrease the loss of Happiness, for this is the only motive for anything. Complete Self-Knowledge includes the recognition that as Happiness itself, we can never find it outside, & once realized, we can never lose it.

In the meantime, the very mean, mean, “meantime”, we chase external objects of desire in a Dream World. When partial Happiness is apparently attained for the moment, that anxiety of the Mind relaxes, & a glimmer of true Happiness is experienced.  But as the Buddha advised, in telling us that the nature of Worldly Life is suffering:

1) to not get what you want is suffering

2) to get what you don’t want is suffering

3) to get what you want also includes suffering because we sense that what appears in Time, with a beginning, will certainly have an end & be lost.

4) whatever the happiness enjoyed when you get what you want, you still sense that you could have more or better, may have once had more or better, & that “others” already have more or better.

Real Happiness never ends & has never left us, even if only dimly appearing as the “reference background” by which we “measure” lesser happiness. We always know just how happy we are, or are not. We often know the same about others. Ever we “measure” against that “reference background” of perfect  Happiness which is our own True Nature, the unwavering Reality of Happiness which is our very Existence.

[to be continued]

B) Big-Bang Brainstuff (our Science interludes)

Body Perception  (prior to later segment on Perception of the World in general)

The Self is space-like but not in Space. The Self has no location. Being space-like, the Self is not anything like a Body. Quadrillions of cells could no possibly render a seamless, never contradictory or intermittent sense of selfexistence. The mystery of Consciousness has never & will never be understood in terms of neurons.

Take one of those cells.  In every cubic millimeter of cytoplasm, hundreds of complex chemical reactions proceed simultaneously, in the same place without interference & without hardly any waste heat or matter.  A marvel, but mechanism, dead robotic machinery, never Conscious Life.

Take one Atom in a molecule in that cytoplasm.  If that Atom were a large sports stadium, 99.9%  would lie in a Nucleus that was a Pencil Dot on the middle of the field.   Electron gnats would buzz almost masslessly in the stands of the Empty stadium.

If, in turn, that Pencil Dot Nucleus would itself be a large sports stadium, then 3 Quarks would make up 100% of the Mass, each a bacterium within the Stadium.

If, again in turn, each bacterium Quarks would be like our Solar System, then each Superstring would be like a bacterium within that Solar System.  All Empty.  Where’s the complex “mechanism” of Consciousness ?   A Body could not have Consciousness, a Body-corpse could not be part of the Self.

Western Idealists, from Parmenides to Berkeley to Bradley, rightly tell us that Perception is thought & can never in itself prove or “contact” a physical World or Body.  What we “see” is just the Seeing itself, which is just the thinking of the Perceptual thought, which is just a momentary appearanceillusion “illumined” by Consciousness no physical matter provable, knowable, or really existing at all.

So the promised “systematic instructions” for the elimination of Ignorance, the Release that portents Liberation, those “systematic instructions” begin with thoroughly knowing that the Self, that you, are not a Body.

[to be continued]

C) “Conceptual” – Caesar –Tsar – Emperor – Benevolent Dictator – Philosopher King

Wrongly believing that Happiness comes from “getting our way”, we (especially males) perpetrate horrific, cruel actions.  But none such escape the “hell” of bad karma in repeating lifetimes (only the Liberated are not born again).  Their poor victims get to balance out their own karma, the hard way.

So not even so much for them (who are not bodies anyway), but if only for yourselves, forsake Evil which never brings Happiness in either short or long term!

[to be continued]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]


A) Advaita (Non-Duality) – Absolute (Brahman, Shiva, Dharmakaya, Buddha-Mind, Tao)


The Self is inward, Most Inward, totally non-objective.  The Self is the Consciousness “looking out” & nothing can look at that Consciousness.  Trying to turn Consciousness in to look at itself is Self-Inquiry or Self-Attention or Abidance.  Who am I ?  may start as examination of the Individual one imagines oneself to be.  Under scrutiny [to be detailed in later Blogs], the EgoI vanishes, like dust against the brilliance of the Self, Pure Consciousness. Along with the vanishing, one gains direct “vision” of the Self, but not as an Object.   The Non-Objective is Formless, Limitless, not separate from all that is Real. [to be continued]

B) Big-Bang Brainstuff (our Science interludes)

SPECIAL VERSION (supporting part C)

Hypothetical multiplechoice questions:

(1) What could reduce huge buildings to white-ash so that not even a doorknob survived ?

a) kerosene (as used in lanterns) , AKA “jet-fuel” oou jeepers !

b) weaponized nano-thermate (like a super version of railroad-welding thermite, with sulfur), made in Lawrence Livermore Lab, “advertised”” in the movie The Rock

(2) How could a missile look like a plane ?

a) “impossible”

b) “secret” missiles, long after “advertised”” in the movie Battleship

C) “Conceptual” – Caesar –Tsar – Emperor – Benevolent Dictator – Philosopher King (Perception in Mind is completed by Conception, including the human world of socio-political issues, like Social Justice.) By artifice, the author takes up the mantle of Philosopher King, with resulting Proclamations, in each Blog.

Some say 911 was an “inside” job.  We note the those who reject the claim, out of hand, do no generally check the evidence & instead settle for abrupt de-bunking details, a half dozen of so, put together by conspiracydeniers.  The “inside” job evidence will not be evaluated at this time.  Rather the real driving motive behind the rejecting deniers will be looked at.

They’ll say: that’s insane, why would anyone have wanted that ?

They’ll also say: the government would never do something so evil.

They’ll finally say: who could pull that off ?  Conspiracies always leak & stumble.

Well yes, that one has more that 2,000 booboo’s recorded to date.

Looking at the 2nd reaction, let it be said that there is no “government” but only individuals, some of whom are capable of great evil. All other nations in the World would agree to that, regarding the so-called US “government”.  When “body-count” lead the News in the 1970’s, innocent men, women, & children, by the hundreds of thousands, were slaughtered in Vietnam. My Lai  was a show-trail, not the massacre exception, but the rule.  Those were the Rules of Engagement that maintained a continuous body count.  We return to Evil in Conclusion.

Looking at the 1st reaction countless reasons, starting with the “need” for a greater Footprint / Foothold in the Near East to enforce a say-so about the current & final last drops of Petroleum.  The WTC building were losing $35Million/year & the doubleimpact Insurance pay-off was in Billions.  Hundreds of Insider Trading case documents were lost in the vanishing of Bldg 7 that was never hit. Some of the Gold Bullion beneath was snuck back to the owners, much was kept as loot. Arms & Contractor profits in Iraq & stolen funds were many Billions.  A $2Trillion Dept. of Defense “disappearance” that was Rumsfeld-announced Friday afternoon was forgotten on 911 Monday morning.  The coveted Patriot Act wounding of the Constitution was another huge goal. Many reasons.

Back to the Evil the Ego is a slippery slope: torture, abuse, & neglect prove that so. Please eliminate the Ego ASAP.

[to be continued]

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]


A)  Absolute  –  Consciousness

We discover it by being earnest, by searching, Inquiring, questioning daily & hourly, by giving one’s life to this discovery.

Nisargadatta Maharaj “I Am That“”

Let’s go back to the one questioned a couple of Blogs ago, the one asked:  Do you exist ?

As a hypothetical, let him have been in Deep Dreamless Sleep when awoken & questioned.  Perhaps some further “ring” of truth remains in this speculative conversation.

The former sleeper responds right away or later recalls the following immediate response in his Mind:

Yes, certainly I exist ! I just know that’s true, spontaneously & undoubtedly.

The questioner counters with an observation & a 2nd confirming question:

Oh I see, you directly “know” you exist.

So can I agree that you “exist” & that you also “know” at least that much.

Nodding his head in assent, the freshly awakened asks once for clarification & then listens for a while.

Granted what you noted, what is the significance ?

Asking the awakened one to suspend judgment for bit, much as the reader is now asked, let us embark on our own “What if ?” scenario.  With minimal detailed explanation or proof, getting no further argument or interrupting question from the questioned one, we speculate as follows:

“That “inner place” in which you felt that certainty of your Existence, & also that certainty of your knowing so, your Consciousness, is actually the same “place”. Moreover that “place” is not a place, having size or shape, & has no location in Space, or in Time for that matter. The very same “place” where you are certain of your Consciousness, that “place” is actually your Consciousness itself. As also the very same “place” where you are certain of your Existence, it truly is your Existence, it is what you are, your Self.

And not only your Self, but the same is my Self, & the Self of everyone & all that exist, have ever existed, or will ever exist. That singular Existence or Being is the literal Truth proclaimed by Parmenides & Shankara, by Huang Po, Meister Eckhart, Ib’n al Arabi, Brahmagna Ma, & Ananda Ma. The point being that no culture, gender, creed, or period of history has unique claim to this recognition, this Knowledge known as the Perennial Philosophy.

Further observations include the fact that very same not-a-place “place” or Brahman or the Self is also experienced routinely as the Source of Happiness, Love, Bliss, Joy, Peace, Satisfaction, Freedom & the like. These are all one with Consciousness & Being. Though Happinessinfull is more often the complete “reference value” we all intuit, perfect Happiness, the goal, whether we currently believe it to be attained or not. That Source of Happiness is the same “place” where true Happiness (not mere pleasure or triumph) is actually felt, routinely. Even the sense of its lack could be said to be felt there along with all negative emotions that seem “negative” so by coloration with conceptual self-delusion.”

Nodding in awe more than yet assent, the freshly awakened asks once again in the same words:

Granted what you say, what is the significance ?

“Much can & has been said & written about restoring true Self-Identity through the meditation of inward Self-Inquiry. Any sincere seeker can find all that, especially now with the Internet to get started with. Even with a few false turns, the one who truly desires Freedom (Liberation from ignorance) will have it.

You & I & all are that same Self, though we may seem to be “caught” in a Waking Dream world of Time & Space (at night, other dream worlds supervene, while in Deep Sleep, none at all). While seeming so “caught”, we best pursue Self-Inquiry, with authentic texts that support that & qualified live guidance when possible. Otherwise we progressively shine in our World (even if obscurely) fulfill responsibilities, relationships, work, etc. in Peace. Any help offered to what can appear as a stricken World & inevitable death in that World, comes from the inner basis, & less-so, the practical basis just described hinted at in Section C. The quest of Enlightenment, Liberation, is the most satisfying & significant venture possible.

By constantly fixing his attention on his Source, the Heart, the Ego of the wise gets dissolved like a “salt doll” which has fallen into the Ocean. 

Sri Ramana Maharshi

  1. B) Big-Bang Brain VR

A couple of very smart characters, among many, suggest we consider the lesson of VR Virtual Reality.  Cognitive Science Philosopher David Chalmers chimed in early on the past bandwagon of pointing to The Matrix movie as a profound parable, one far more popular than the earlier Brain in a Vat versions that the cinema had emulated, emulations of Descartes malin genie the evil genie (or genius).  Harder to label is the other genie, I mean genius, Nick Bostrom, nominally a philosopher, who offers Bayesian “proof” for the following proposition.

If we do not destroy our technological civilization by prompting further Climate disaster, or by war or political collapse, over-population, & so on; & if no Armageddonlike meteoric disaster, etc. does the deed, if none of these occur. then Ray Kurzweil’s elitist techno-utopia will surely come to pass. However many starve & rot with disease & violence, if some insular elite defend islands of exponentially advancing Computer technology, while escaping their own Nano-technology, Bio-technology, etc. then they will eventually program innumerable The Matrix level VR’s Virtual Realities. Among those will likely be some “period pieces” as depicted in the movie, capturing a past version of Earth’s civilization, such as the one we now find ourselves in. The most advanced VR’s could pass for our own world & no one could tell the difference. So much for the likelike comparison between our World & all these many particular VR’s among a far greater number of other kinds of VR. Nick Bostrom calls those particular ones “ancestor” VR’s because they emulate the experience of the relatively few people (~ half dozen Billions) in our world. We are those relatively “few” “ancestors”. Here comes the kicker.

Those inexpensive (by futuristic technology standards) Virtual Reality programs will be so very numerous that for each of us now, that there might be, who knows, a Trillion more VR individuals who will take the place of each of us, distributed over the man VR programs. Here Bayesian “logic” kicks in & flatly declares, that by those “odds” (lets say a Trillion to 1) we most certainly live in one of those Future VR’s right now, each of us as most likely being VR characters, or computergameavatars.

Now given Bostrom’s claim that we probably live in & as VR right now, unless we soon destroy our civilization or experience other disastrous collapse that will have prevented that technology (we rarely get to use the future perfect tense “will have”), we turn back to David Chalmers.  Putting aside the destruction scenarios, Chalmers, like many other Cognitive Science Philosophers assure us that we could never tell the difference in VR.

Our point here is that we are as good as being VR anyway, because how could we ever know ?  In fact our individual Waking State lives (Dream State ones are otherwise) actually are as good as VR in absolute Consciousness, no more real than that. Awakening to Identity with pure Consciousness, we are Liberated from the succession of Waking State dream-lives (& Dream State lives as well). Sounds like fun? Maybe not, not right now. But actually all the real fun, Happiness & Love are already firmly planted in that Consciousness Reality, as is our Being & Identity already.

  1. C) Conceptual Caesar: “Should compassion or even empathetic sorrow be abandoned ?

Benevolent Dictator Philosopher King proclamation:  Yes. & No.

Never let it distract you too much.  Never be depressed by sorrow & horror & cruelty in the World, get on with you Self-Realization, doing what you can to help on an everyday life level if opportunities arise or you make them arise.

I asked a Sage about evil & sorrow, etc.  He said: Hurry & get Enlightened, you’re keeping them all waiting.  World is in Mind, it’s your World & your victims.  When you get Liberated, they all do.

Back from the original Day the Earth Stood Still, Hollywood has even looked to space-aliens to come & protect us from ourselves.  A rarely-seen extended version the old Sea Adventure, The Abyss, has more pro-active Sea-aliens who threaten us with tidal waves & then relent. We hear: “It bothers them to see us hurting each other getting out of hand.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]

Formless (in the new format of “A, B, C’s”)

A) Advaita (Non-Duality) Absolute (Hegel’s term favored by F. H. Bradley but long known in the East as Brahman, Shiva, Dharmakaya, Buddha-Mind, Tao)

Since Non-Dual Reality is Formless, there are no limits or separations, for all such boundaries are “form”.

Prajnanam Brahma  Consciousness is Brahman.  Aitareya U. 3.3, Rig V

Ayam Atma Brahma  This Self is Brahman.  Mandukya U. 1.2, Ath. V.

Tat Twam As   That Thou Art  Brihadaranyaka U. 1.4.10, Yajur V.

Aham Brahmasmi  I am Brahman.   Chhandogya U. 6.7.8, Sama V.

B) “Big Bang” Brain-stuff (our Science interludes)

In the seeming Waking State (while not in Dream or Deep Sleep) Science can be said to be a “high” view, an insightful perspective on the Illusion (the Universe) from within that Illusion. If there is no World for Science to actually speak to, Science does in relative (non-absolute) terms speak to the Mind itself. Science models much of the Mind in a fairly clear manner. Depths of Mathematical Physics can be relatively awesome. Life Science insights like the Physiology of Perception can themselves be suggestive.

(Outline of the stages in Visual Perception, for example, are torturously detailed in the eBook referenced below.) For now, we can jump our present example of Visual Perception into the (manas) Mind locations, starting right back to the Calcarine Fissure, in the the V1 Visual Cortex of the Occiptial Lobe. Processed neuron firings are relayed doubly, up to the Parietal Lobe (depending on Right or Left) & the lower Temporal Lobe (the “thumb” of the raised “fist” when the Brain is visualized that way). Parietal kinda handles “location” of the perceived object, while Temporal kinda handles “identity” of the perceived object.

Originally in the Occiput, newly perceived or imagined images seem to be projected upon a “visual buffering” background screen in the Brain-Mind, like a “green screen” used in CGI cinematic effects.  At a distance, an apple may not yet be distinguished from a tomato.  Higher analysis of distinguishing detail is called the “what” system of that Temporal Lobe area, while determining Location occurs in that Parietal Lobe site “where” system mentioned previously.

“Display” then returns back in the Occipital Lobe.  Associative Memory is thought to contribute from the rear Parieto-Temporal boundary. Frontal Cortex Decision Making  completes composition of what we call “conjuring up an image in their minds eye.”  Such proceeds similarly for Memory, Imagination, or Perception. NLP may be relatively correct in link eye-shift to the upper-Right with Imagination & eye-shift to the upper-Left with Memory (somewhat of a lie-detector between lie & honesty). Thereby we mentally “look” at it & add details, one at a time.  Striking is the fact that, perhaps only in vividness, can imagined images be distinguished from Retinal perceived images. Even the latter is heavily customized by the former anyway.

Ultimately, Mind images are all we have of a “world” with no proof of a RWOT real-world-out-there.

Absolute Non-duality denies that there is a RWOT Real World Out There. Yet even the Illusion, a projection of Mind, is a an ephemeral reflection on the one Consciousness.  To run around with those Thoughts & run around in the World they create is the opposite of Enlightenment. Appearing to function in a World is fine, but Freedom requires recognition of that Ego-Origin, its falseness, its seeming “place” or arising in Consciousness, & then final identification with that Non-Dual Consciousness.

C) “Conceptual” Caesar –Tsar – Emperor – Benevolent Dictator – Philosopher King (Perception in Mind is completed by Conception, including the human world of socio-political issues, like Social Justice.) By artifice, the author takes up the mantle of Philosopher King, with resulting Proclamations, in each Blog.

For Goodness sake, brothers & sisters, stop hurting each other (though violence in particular is 99% male, brothers). Not an iota, a scintilla of Happiness can ever result. Even getting our way is an Illusion, it always back-fires, keeps us in Illusion, & blocks Happiness (to be continued).”

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]


[Some time ago, I pre-maturely announced the end of a long gap in this Blog, due to physical limitations that prevented keyboarding & even clear thought.  But now the gap ends.]

Do you exist ?  “Inside” each of us certainly feels: “Yes, certainly I exist !”  We also “know” so.  That “inner place” of certainty about your Existence, & certainty of  knowing so that is the Self.  Known fully, the one Non-Dual Self reveals itself to be Infinite, Eternal, Existence Consciousness Bliss, or equivalently, Happiness or Love.

Knowing fully is a matter of eliminating Ignorance.  Systematic suggestions for that purpose will constitute succeeding Blog entries.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]


[Due to physical limitations, this Blog has lapsed for some time.  We’re back! Eventually most Blogs also appear on a Blogspot “Nonduality & Science” blog, with some graphics, which are easily dealt with there.]

In Sri Ramana Maharshi’s Supplement To The Forty Verses he notes that “those who have got rid of their attachment to the Mind become One with That which is Motionless.”

All that is motion, in fact all that is “Objective”, [including the Mind itself], is a Projection of Thought. “Mind” itself is only Thought.  But Thought & its projected images have “nowhere” to stand, “nowhere” to be “stored” or assembled.  But Thought & its projected images have “nowhere” to stand, “nowhere” to be “stored” or assembled.  So a World of such projected images is impossible.  Moreover,  since each Thought has, integral to it, reference to its “thinker”, just as a Coordinate Point is defined only in reference to its Origin, the non existence of the “thinker” Ego [objectively defined by a Body] necessitates the non existence of Thought & World alike.

Those who believe themselves to be “thinkers” in a World feel they would be missing much without Ego, Thought, & World fail to realize that even now all are actually & simply Egoless, Thoughtless, Worldless, & Motionless, without realizing this of course.  Realizing this is Realization, is Liberation, is Enlightenment.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]

Fraction of a Shankara verse (part 2)

Fraction of a Shankara verse (part 2)

brahma satyath jaganmithya

Brahman is the Truth, the Universe is false.   Shankara

Master Nome’s commentary summarized Part I

By “Truth” is meant that which actually exists, Non-Dual Brahman. What is other than Brahman is not true, real, & is “Non-Existence” which does not exist,

Even if Non-Existence is imagined, then it is only Existence that is conceived & the negated. Furthermore, the “existence” of that entire mental exercise, the “existence” of  those thoughts, such is really all the apparent Existence involved, unreal & imagined in itself, as it may be.  Considered real then, those thoughts are only Brahman anyway.

On the other hand, if it should ever be imagined that Brahman does not exist, then that imagination itself must be Brahman if in any way it exists at all. The same holds for any “knower” who would entertain that imagination.  And so no imaginary, unreal, nonexistent thought or “existence” is an alternative to Brahman, but only Brahman itself once again.

Next installment on the Requisites:

4 requisites:



6 Essentials

Desire for Liberation

6 essentials:   Peacefulness, Self–Control, Renunciation, Fortitude, Conviction, Meditation

Discrimination, in particular

“Each of the four requisites is helpful to the inquiry to know the Self. Each of the four requisites supports the others. The order in which they are given is not to be construed as being strictly developmental or ascending. For example, though one requires Discrimination to become Detached (otherwise, one will not perceive who is to be Detached & from what to be Detached), it may be the desire for Liberation coupled with Conviction in the teachings that give rise to that Discrimination, which is further strengthened by Meditation & expressed through some kind of Renunciation on a basis of Peacefulness or Equanimity. Each may be considered separately, or they may be considered as one whole.”           Master Nome


Discrimination is to discern what is true. From deep thinking to inner experience, such leads continuously to Knowledge & Realization. Unless one discerns the source of Happiness, for instance, one cannot find more Happiness, or prevent the loss of any that might come one’s way.

Without discerning the Meaning of Life, its Purpose cannot be fulfilled. Wrongly choosing a “spiritual path”, if even getting that far, may unexamined ignorant tendencies, delusive notions, & patterns of conceptualizing.

Discrimination is neither sensory, nor mental but is directly derived Consciousness where Self Discrimination discerns the Self.  We all know how happy we are & that we exist. This intrinsic discernment is of the very nature of the Self. The path to Self-Knowledge is composed of Knowledge, from Discrimination to Realization.

“What is the source of happiness? What is eternal? What is real? Who am I?”  With more emphasis on negation, we thus sort  out what is not eternal, not Reality, or not the Self.  Thus Reality is left unobscured & Self-evident.

Discrimination also frees us of dualistic conceptions, unfruitful practices.  Distinguishing of emotional moods, karma, egoistic-tendencies, superimpositions, concepts, mis–identifications are matters of Discrimination.  Comparing & contrasting the immutable from the changeful, the eternal from the transitory, the continuous from the sporadic, the nonobjective from the objective, the nondependent from the dependent, the indivisible from the multiple & divisible, all require Discrimination.

“Discrimination gives rise to the other requisites for Realization. It is the cornerstone of spiritual advancement.”                         Master Nome

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through ]