NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 37

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 37:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we skirt around the Fine-Tuned Universe series to add further questions about the Universe.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

(Supposed) Future of an expanding Universe part I:

If the expansion of the Universe continues forever, the Universe will cool as it expands, eventually becoming too cold to sustain Life . For this reason, this future scenario is popularly called the Big Freeze.

Dark Energy can be represented by the Cosmological Constant Λ, a constant Energy Density filling Space homogeneously, or represented by scalar fields, such as Quintessence or Moduli, dynamic quantities whose Energy Density can vary in Time & Space.  Dark Energy accelerates the expansion of the Universe, so that the space between clusters of galaxies will grow at an increasing rate.

Red-shift will stretch ancient, incoming photons (even gamma rays) to undetectably long wavelengths & low energies.  Stars are expected to form normally for 1012 to 1014 years (1-100 Trillion years).  But eventually the supply of gas needed for star formation will be exhausted. And as existing stars run out of fuel & cease to shine, the Universe will slowly & inexorably grow darker, one star at a time.

According to theories that predict Proton decay, the stellar remnants left behind will disappear, leaving behind only black holes, which themselves eventually disappear as they emit Hawking radiation. Ultimately, if the Universe reaches a state in which the temperature approaches a uniform value, no further work will be possible, resulting in a final Heat Death of the Universe.

Infinite expansion does not determine the spatial curvature of the Universe. It can be open (with negative spatial curvature), flat, or closed (positive spatial curvature). If it is closed, sufficient Dark Energy must be present to counteract the Gravitational attraction of matter & other forces tending to contract the Universe.  Open & flat Universes will expand forever even in the absence of Dark Energy.

Observations of the CMB, Cosmic Micro-wave Background radiation by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe suggested that the Universe is spatially flat & has a significant amount of Dark Energy.  In this case, the Universe should continue to expand at an accelerating rate. The acceleration of the Universe’s expansion has also been confirmed by observations of distant Supernovae.  If, as in the Concordance Model of Physical Cosmology (Lambda-cold Dark Matter or ΛCDM), the Dark Energy is in the form of a Cosmological Constant, the expansion will eventually become exponential, with the size of the Universe doubling at a constant rate.

If the theory of Inflation is true, the Universe went through an Episode dominated by a different form of Dark Energy in the first moments of the Big Bang; but Inflation ended, indicating an equation of state much more complicated than those for Dark Energy.  It is possible that the Dark Energy equation of state could change again resulting in an event that would have consequences which are extremely difficult to predict.

Some more from Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome:

Thoughts move in modes. Innumerable thoughts & modes are contained in states of Mind. All are included in 3 states of Mind: Waking, Dream, & Deep Dreamless Sleep. In the 1st 2 states (Waking & Dream), thought itself projects itself into itself & the content of thought changes according to those states. The Waking state is equivalent to the Dream state. In both states, the same kind of multiplicity manifests. In both states, subject & object appear.

The same kinds of mental function appear in both states. In both states, there is the same tendency to identify as a particular character with a particular Body exists. Cause & Effect are present in both states. Both states are characterized by non– perception of Reality & the mis–perception of Reality, which delusions are equivalent to not seeing a rope & imagining to be a snake. These 2 states, Waking & Dream are mutually exclusive (contradictory). Everything experienced in a given state changes within that state itself, or else changes with the transition from 1 state to the other. Only Existence-Consciousness remains the same, unaffected by the changes in such experiences & any change of state. So what is present in the Waking state tends to be absent in the Dream state, & what is present in the Dream state tends to be absent in the Waking state.

What appears within a state is only that state of Mind itself. The Dream state of Mind appears as only & all that is experienced in that Dream state. So too is it with the Waking state. Each state of Mind itself composes all that appears with the state. In the Deep Dreamless Sleep state, there is an absence Waking & Dream thoughts & their content. There is therefore no World, no Body, no Senses, no Ideas, no Memories, & no “person” existing in the Deep Dreamless Sleep. Yet Existence-Consciousness still is, & that Existence-Consciousness is the Self. The Self continues, even in the absence of thoughts in Deep Dreamless Sleep. The Self is then unaffected by the absence of all else, just as it is when all else appears in the other 2 states (Waking & Dream).

Deep Dreamless Sleep is characterized by the presence of Cause but with the absence of the Effect. Therefore it may be said that the “unmanifest seeds” of, or potential for, Ignorance is present but not the Effects of such Ignorance. In the Deep Dreamless Sleep there is only the non–perception of Reality, while the projection or hallucination of Multiplicity & Form are absent. The Self, Existence- Consciousness, is free from both Cause & Effect. In Self-Knowledge, neither the Veiling avarana of Reality not the Projected vikshepa Illusion of Multiplicity, neither the non– perception of Real Being nor the mis–perception of Existence persists. The Self is itself & knows itself as it is.

From Existence-Consciousness comes Deep Dreamless Sleep. From Deep Dreamless Sleep comes Dream. From Dream comes the Waking state. Each succeeding state occurs with the preceding state. All occurs within Existence-Consciousness. & that is what one truly is. So it is better to say that the states, & the Worlds that appear in them, are more within one’s Self than that one is in those states of Mind (Waking, Dream, Deep Dreamless Sleep). Being beyond the 3 states, the Self is called “the 4th” (turiya), yet the Slf is only One & its own self always (turiyatita or even beyond the 4th). The 3 states of Mind are only seen as 3 only so long as Consciousness is not known as it is. As Dream is to Deep Dreamless Sleep, emerging from within it, “forming” yet not really so, for both

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 35

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 35:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 26, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Fine-Tuned Universe 26:

Irreducible Complexities:

Michael Behe & others argued for the presence in the living cell of various “irreducible complexities” that would require the agency of Intelligence to bring them about.  But they left open “the simplest possible design scenario,” This would posit “a single cell – formed billions of years ago that already contained all information to produce descendent organisms” via Evolution.  They suppose that “irreducibly complex” systems that manifested themselves long afterward, such as that which produces complex blood-clotting, might have had their designs already present in potency in that first cell but not yet “turned on”.  The force of this suggestion depends on what “turning on” amounts to.

The original ID, Intelligent Design argument would require it to involve a “special” action on the Designer’s part, which would seriously dilute the notion of pre-established “potential”.  On the other hand, if such special “turn on” action is not required, the “complexities” hardly qualify as “irreducible.”

On the Cosmic scale, the Irreducible Complexity theorists postulated an enormous Inflation of the infant Universe during the 1st fraction of a second.  This lasted no longer than 10−35 seconds.  But that, in a brief moment, this Multiplied the diameter of the Universe by a mind-boggling factor of perhaps 1050 1090.

Problems thereby solved included the “Flatness Problem,” the tight constraint on the initial Energy Density that had given rise to the Fine-Tuning issue in the first place. It was shown that the Inflationary Expansion would be so great that it would force the density of the infant Universe to the critical value, no matter what the initial density might have been.

The need for Fine-Tuning of the Density Parameter would in this way be eliminated, or at least reduced, & the Principle of Indifference would once more reign for the pre-Inflation state, which could have any of the possible values of the Energy Density.

Besides handling anomalies, Inflation had 2 other major features in its favor. It could explain the Isotropy of the CMB Cosmic Microwave Radiation, for which Collins and & Hawking had attempted to develop an Anthropic explanation. More significantly, as later developments would show, it could make use of Quantum Theory to provide an answer to a long-standing puzzle.  Where were the great in-homogeneities needed for galactic formation to come from if the background radiation was isotropic ?

Inflation would have the effect of magnifying Quantum fluctuations to such an extent that they could furnish the necessary “galactic seeds”.  That would depend on finding that the radiation was not in fact perfectly isotropic, as it had originally seemed to be. But very tiny departures from isotropy were found by means of extraordinarily precise satellite observations. Furthermore, the pattern of these departures across the width of the sky is claimed to offer strong support to the Inflation hypothesis.

Other support has come, for example, from the distribution of diffuse inter-galactic gas in the very early Universe. It has to be said, however, that as yet no adequate theory has been formulated that can explain why the Inflation occurred. The hypothesis does not yet have as strong a mandate, therefore, as does the Big Bang theory to which it is an addendum. But as matters stand, it would be fair to say that the warrant for the original claim of Fine-Tuning for the initial Cosmic conditions had been substantially weakened. The Universe may have had a “chaotic” starting point after all.

Alas, for the Atheists, Inflation has since been defeated by later satellite observations, so Theistic Anthropic & Irreducible Complexity theses still stand.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome disciple:

The Wise free themselves from the Mind, from Thought, realizing that all Duality, which is all experience other than the Self, is a creation of the Mind. Such “creation” is due to thoughts & is composed of thoughts. Abidance, free from thought, requires one to abide free from dualistic notions regarding the Mind itself. The unmoving Self does not “travel” through the Mind, & thought does not “drag” the ever-still, transcendent Self about. The Self is silent & untouched, endowed with the supreme, solitary power of Reality. The Self does not contend with thought, as if thought were an enemy with its own power. Self-Inquiry entails freedom from the pursuit of delusive thoughts that, in the form of vasanas (or tendencies) form Samsara. Self-Knowledge is not merely a blank Mind in which thought activity is temporarily stilled. For Self-Realization, one should know the Self’s freedom thought & the true nature of the Mind. Inquiring: “for whom is this thought, for whom is this Mind ?” one should seek the Knowledge of the Self, beyond all mental modes & states. Inquiring: “Who am I ?” one should know true Being, interior to any thought, more formless than any thoughts, transcendent of all thought, more formless than any thought, transcendent of all thought, & ever free from all thought. After carefully reading the written instruction-order left with 1 empty bottle he smiles to see they have upped their order and he replaces the 1 empty with 2 full bottles. You get the sense that payment would be a small issue if there was any payment.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 33

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 33:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 24, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 24:

God behind, & Probability in Fine-Tuning:

The Fine-Tuning argument concludes that, given the evidence of the Fine-Tuning of the cosmos, the existence of a Life-Permitting Universe (LPU) significantly confirms Theism over the Naturalistic Single-Universe Hypothesis (NSU).  Such confirmation is highly significant.

The challenge raised by the two most widely advocated versions of the Multi-Verse hypothesis – the unrestricted Multi-Verse hypothesis advocated by Lewis and Tegmark, according to which all possible Universes exist, and the restricted Multi-Verse hypothesis arising out of inflationary cosmology.  I argued that neither of these is able adequately to explain away the fine-tuning or undercut the fine-tuning argument.

Finally, one might wonder whether there are other viable alternative explanations of LPU to that offered by Theism, NSU, or the Multi-Verse.  One such possibility is various non-theistic Design hypotheses – either non-theistic supernatural beings or aliens in some Meta-Universe who can create bubble Universes. The postulated designer, D, could not be a merely “generic” designer but must be hypothesized to have some motivation to create a Life-Permitting Universe. Unless these hypotheses were advocated prior to the Fine-Tuning evidence, or we had independent motivations for them, they would not pass the non-ad-hoc-ness test of the restricted version of the Likelihood Principle.

Furthermore, from the perspective of probabilistic tension, these alternative design hypotheses typically would generate a corresponding probabilistic tension between the claim that the postulated Being had a motive to create a Life-Permitting world instead of some other type of world and the Beings’ other attributes, something that does not arise for classical theism. Finally, for some of these postulated Beings, one could claim that even if LPU confirms their existence, we lack sufficient independent reasons to believe in their existence, whereas under Theism we have such reasons; or one could claim that they simply transfer the problem of design up one level.

The only one of these alternatives is the Axiarchic hypothesis, versions of which have been advanced in the last thirty years by John Leslie  & by Hugh Rice and others, wherein goodness or ethical “required-ness” has a direct power to bring about concrete reality.  Whatever the merits of this hypothesis, it is likely to entail Theism.  Since God is the greatest possible Being, it is supremely good that God exist.  Therefore, it is unclear that the axiarchic hypothesis actually conflicts with theism.  In any case, we have solid philosophical grounds for claiming that given the Fine-Tuning evidence, the existence of a Life-Permitting Universe provides significant support for Theism over its non-axiarchic contenders.

If Atheism is correct, if the Universe and its laws are all that is or ever has been, how can it be said that the Universe, with all of its Fine-Tuned features, is in any relevant sense probable or improbable ?  There are no antecedent conditions that could determine such a probability.  Hence, if the Universe is the ultimate brute fact, it is neither likely nor unlikely, probable nor improbable; it simply is.

Further, even if the Universe were somehow improbable, it is hard to see on the hypothesis of Atheism how we could ever know this.  If we were in the position to witness the birth of many worlds –  some designed, some undesigned – then we might be in a position to say of any particular World that it had such-and-such a probability of existing undesigned.  But we simply are not in such a position.  We have absolutely no empirical basis for assigning probabilities to ultimate facts .

In conjunction with the likelihood principle, probability is extensively used in scientific confirmation.  Consider, for example, the arguments typically offered in favor of the thesis of common ancestry, continental drift theory, and the atomic hypothesis.  The thesis of common ancestry is commonly supported by claiming that a variety of features of the world–such as the structure of the tree of life – would not be improbable if this thesis is true, but would be very improbable under other contending, non-evolutionary hypotheses, such as special creation. Consider, for instance, the following quotation from evolutionary biologist and geneticist Edward Dodson, in which he summarizes the case for evolution, understood as the thesis of common ancestry:

All pieces of evidence concur in suggesting evolution with varying degrees of cogency, but most can be explained on other bases, albeit with some damage to the law of parsimony. The strongest evidence for evolution is the concurrence of so many independent probabilities. That such different disciplines as biochemistry and comparative anatomy, genetics and biogeography should all point toward the same conclusion is very difficult to attribute to coincidence.

Similar lines of reasoning are given for accepting continental drift theory. For example, the similarity between the animal and plant life on Africa and South America millions of years ago was considered to provide significant support for continental drift theory.  Why? Because it was judged very unlikely that this similarity would exist if continental drift theory were false, but not if it were true.

Finally, consider the use of epistemic probability in the confirmation of atomic theory. According to Wesley Salmon, what finally convinced virtually all physical scientists by 1912 of the atomic hypothesis was the agreement of at least thirteen independent determinations of Avogadro’s number based on the assumption that atomic theory was correct.  For example, one method of determining Avogadro’s number is through observations of Brownian motion, that is, the random motion of very small particles suspended in a liquid, a motion that was postulated to be caused by the unequal, random impact of the molecules in the liquid.  From this motion and the kinetic theory of heat, one can calculate what the mass of each molecule must be in order to account for the observed motion, and then using that value one can obtain Avogadro’s number.

The scientists reasoned that if atomic theory were false, then such an agreement between thirteen different determinations of Avogadro’s number would be exceedingly epistemically improbable – in Salmon’s words, an “utterly astonishing coincidence” .  Indeed, if scientists had not judged the agreement to be exceedingly improbable if atomic theory were false, it is difficult to see why they would take it to count as strong evidence in its favor.  On the other hand, the scientists reasoned, if atomic theory were true, such an agreement would be expected.  Thus, by implicitly using the likelihood principle, they reasoned that these independent determinations of Avogadro’s number strongly confirmed atomic theory.

It should be noted that one could not avoid this sort of reasoning simply by rejecting Scientific Realism, since even though anti-realists reject the truth or approximate truth of certain types of well-confirmed hypotheses, they still accept them as being reliable bases for future explanations and predictions – that is, in Bas van Fraassen’s terminology, they accept them as being “empirically adequate.”  Consequently, instead of interpreting the confirming evidence as evidence for a hypothesis’ truth, they accept it as evidence for the hypothesis’ empirical adequacy.  This means that insofar as realists need to appeal to epistemic probabilities to support the approximate truth of a theory, anti-realists will need to appeal to those same probabilities in support of a theory’s empirical adequacy – e.g., anti-realists would need to claim that it is highly improbable for the determinations of Avogadro’s number to agree if atomic theory were not empirically adequate.

Since some of the probabilities in the aforementioned examples involve singular, non-repeatable states of affairs, they are not based on statistical probabilities, nor arguably other non-epistemic probabilities. This is especially evident for the probabilities involved in the confirmation of atomic theory since some of them involve claims about probabilities conditioned on the underlying structure and laws of the universe being different – e.g. atoms not existing. Hence, they are not based on actual physical propensities, relative frequencies, or theoretical models of the universe’s operation. They therefore cannot be grounded in theoretical, statistical, or physical probabilities. Similar things can be said about many other related types of confirmation in science, such as the confirmation of quantum electrodynamics (QED) by its extraordinarily precise prediction of the gyromagnetic moment of the electron, which we shall discuss later in this chapter. Such cases, I contend, establish the widespread use of purely epistemic probabilities

in scientific confirmation that are neither grounded in other types of probability nor in experience – e.g., the probabilities invoked in the confirmation of atomic theory clearly are not grounded in experience, since nothing like such an agreement had ever occurred before.

The probabilities in the above examples do not seem to be statistical probabilities; nor can they in any obvious way be justified by appealing to statistical probabilities.  This is especially evident in the case for the epistemic probability involved in the confirmation of atomic theory since it involves claims about likelihoods if the underlying structure and laws of the universe were different – e.g., if atoms did not exist.  Hence, these claims cannot be grounded in theoretical, statistical, or physical probabilities.  Similar things can be said about many other similar types of confirmation in science, such as the confirmation of quantum electrodynamics by its extraordinarily precise prediction of the gyromagnetic moment of the electron, which we shall discuss below.  Such cases, I contend, establish the widespread use of purely epistemic probabilities in scientific confirmation that are neither grounded in statistical probabilities nor experience – e.g., the probabilities invoked in atomic theory clearly are not grounded in experience, since nothing like such an agreement had ever occurred before.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome disciple:

The view of the World is a mirror image of the view of oneself since the identity of oneself determines the definition of the World. The Seer himself appears as the Seen, the “I” as “this”. For the purpose of knowing Reality without veils, one should Inquire to know oneself, giving up the objective outlook, as well as the Ego to whom it belongs. Those who are detached from the World & the Senses, who are not identified with the Body, who also perceive the transient nature of all the World, & who yearn for the direct experience of Knowledge of Reality as it is, those should so Inquire. The Wise view the World as transitory, as inert, & as a passing Dream. Such a one never expects the World to provide him with what is his Happiness, Identity, & Reality. To transcend the World is to remain blissful, at Peace always, & free in the Knowledge of unreality of the World & in the Knowledge of the Self’s freedom from that Illusion. This is the perception of Reality, free from the forms of Illusion. This is Abidance in wordless Being, true perception, transcendence of the World, & limitless freedom unaffected by anything of the World. The direct experience of indivisible Existence, & true experience is beyond debate or doubt for those who Inquire to know the Self, which is the sole existent Reality.

By the term “World” is meant all that is perceived, all objects, all activities, all events, the forms of living beings, anything in Space & Time, & anything seen, heard, touched, or sensed in any manner. Transcendence of the World is Liberation from Bondage & Suffering in relation to all of that. Abandonment of the objective outlook constituting the World yields the perception of Reality as it is. Such cannot be anything of the World, but only by Knowledge of the Self, the Reality that is. Where could one go in the World that would be beyond the World ? Yet one’s real Being is ever beyond, & Knowledge reveals the nature of one’s real Being. The Self is changeless & permanent. The World is changeful & impermanent. Each object has a creation, a changeful duration & a destruction. This is true for all objects & for the World as a whole without exception. The Self is permanent with no creation or destruction. The perception of the World depends on the changeful Senses. A change in the Senses brings a change in the object & the World perceived. The Self does not change as the Senses do, for it is unchanging Being & the unchanging Witness of all the changing Senses. A change of mode, or state of Mind yields a corresponding change in the Senses & the perceived World. The Self is not changed, being unchanging Existence & Consciousness, & also the Witness of the Mind as well as the Senses. The Self is One, partless & indivisible. The World is composed of innumerable parts & divisions. The Self has no Form & is purely formless Being. The World is composed of Forms without which there is no World. There is no formless World.

To experience a World is to conceive that World. The World is not actually a Perception, but rather a Conception. To conceive or experience a World, one must first consider oneself as some kind of Body, or as in a Body, or consider the Body as existent & the Body as being somewhere. None of that is true, for such is only imagined in the Mind.

For such Illusions of the World, one must also regard the Sensations, not as Sensations or modes of the Mind, but as literally “physical”. Such Sensation is endowed with the Duality of inner & outer, with the apparent object portion of the Sensation considered as separate from knowing aspect. [So there is not only “hearing” but also real “sounds”, not only “seeing” but also real “light”, not only “touching” but also real “matter”].

Since the Body is not oneself, & the Self is not in a Body, the World is not arrayed “around” oneself. The “around” part is imagined in the Mind, & is not really all “around”.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 31

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 31:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 22, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 22:

Multi-Verse Ensemble:

Most of what can be said about a Multi-Verse could similarly be applied to another kind of Ensemble, be it a serial, temporal Sequence of Bib-Bangs alternating with Big-Crunches, Quantum Mechanical Many-Worlds, baby-universes bubbling of Mbranes, Lee Smolin-esque universe-born-at-every-Black-Hole-singularity, Chaotic Inflationary universe-islands within one Big-Bang Universe, and so on. Standing in for all those (with suitable verbal modifications understood) the Multi-Verse of any kind immediately presents a shocking number for enumeration, requiring as heck of lot of stuff. J ust because so many Physics parameters could be varied independently, the number of all possible combinations is staggering.

Universes that drift like Bubble in the Foam upon the River of Time” Arthur C. Clarke

But only such an unprovable, purely speculative boondoggle rescues Physicalism out of the jaws of encroaching Design as the only other explanation for the extremely improbably Fine-Tuning of this Universe. Such there must be if this Universe was to support Intelligent Life, counting as part of this Universe, the many particulars of Astronomy, Geology, Geochemistry, and so on going into the make-up of planet Earth. Either it is a “set-up” or the “luck of the draw” from out of very many straws indeed.

If we could know that our own Universe was only one of an indefinite number with varying properties we could perhaps invoke a solution analogous to the principle of Natural Selection; that only in certain universes, which happen to include ours, are the conditions suitable for the existence of Life, and unless that condition is fulfilled there will be no Observers to note the fact.                                                    biologist Carl Pantin, early 20th century Multi-Verse speuclation

The hard-core Many-Worlds advocates split off new universes with every collapsed Wavefunction, with ever Observation by every Observer. These and others take the less extreme but still mindboggling jump to Ground-Hog Day like closely-parallel universes so that in the Ensemble or possible histories or whatever, “everything that could ever happen does happen somewhere, sometime.” Ockham’s Parsimony of restraint (explain with as few moving parts as possible) is way out the window here. Philosopher used to wonder at the efficiency of rare, or with-us solitary Intelligent Life in such a vast Universe. But how about the efficiency of a kazillion Universes?

But although the Constants of nature are Numbers, they are not just Numbers and they are not only Numbers. They are the barcodes of ultimate Reality, the pin numbers that will unlock the secrets of the Universe.                                                                               John Barrows

It is one thing, to offer an Analogy, to imagine the futuristic Computing Power that could fabricate a Matrixlevel VR Simulation (as ever here, discarding from the movie all body-vats, subterranean wars, A I Architect self-programming program, Kung-Fu, the One, and so on). But to imagine that “VR Life-supporting” Simulation to be the result of random keystrokes, for a thousand monkeys or whatever, well that affords some insight in the improbability of our Universe and the enumeration of any Multi-Verse that could include ours as just an accident of Random Chance. Needless to say though, here an in all application of Math to the Universe (as in just all of Physics), a distinction must be maintained between an abstract Mathematical structure with predictable rules and some “physical reality” we cannot define or even experience except as a construct of the Senses. Applying any highly selected Mathematical stricture to the Universe is special pleading and the Multi-Verse heads the list.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome disciple:

The Senses are part of the Body. The Body is perceived only by the Senses & has no reality apart from them. Each of the 3 illusions depends on the other (~ bootstrapping Dependent Origination). Such (mutually inter-dependent) Illusion is like the painting of a wall that is painted on the wall depicted when the wall itself has not yet been built. [Contained in that comment is also a “barbershop mirrors” type of self-referencing paradox. Like the old Morton Salt label girl carrying Morton Salt on which a small version of herself was carry Morton Salt, & so on, my hometown had a town-entering Billboard that depicted the town & Billboard, which again depicted the town, & so on.] The Self, however, is bodiless & not a part of the Body or associated with a location in relation to a Body. The Senses are otherwise, so how can the Senses be considered to be the Self ?

The Senses depend on the Self. But the Self exists as it is, innately nondependent on the Senses. This is the highest state of Detachment from the Senses. As pure Being, one is always detached from the Senses & thus, detached from the whole World. The Self is not the Senses & is not experienced by the Senses. The Senses are capable of perceiving Sense objects only, & the Self is not a material object. The sensory experience is only that of Sensation & not a separate Sense & a separate object. The Self is not a Sensation or a product of Sensations. So, how can the Senses be considered to be the Self ? The Self is the “eye of the eye” unseen by the Eye. The Self, which is formless Existence-Consciousness, cannot be sensed & does not have Senses. The Self is not a sensing entity, conceived as the nexus of all the Sensations. Instead, the Self is unalloyed Consciousness. The Self is all–seeing but “eyeless”. In Truth, the Senses do not exist. The Senses are only a figment of the Mind, which is in the infinite Consciousness. Upon the substrate of the Self, which is Existence-Consciousness, the Senses appear, being only the thought of those Senses. Nor do the Sense-objects separately exist. The Senseobjects appear only to & in the Senses. The Senses vanish, leaving the substrate unaffected & all alone. The substrate is Reality, which is unchanging. There is no actual creation of the Senses in that Consciousness.

Just as the Mind becomes the Object, the Instrument or means of Knowing, the Actor, the Action, & the results in a Dream, so is this also the case in the Waking state. The Real Self is different from the Mind & all those things that the Mind becomes (object, instrument of knowing, actor, action, results). The Self is without interior & exterior, such as the Mind & the World.  The Self is homogenous Consciousness.  Know the Self by ceasing the attribution of anything exterior or interior to the Self.  Remembrance & forgetfulness, including remembrance & forgetfulness of the Self, these processes are also, only of the Mind.  Both of these processes are products of Ignorance & do not touch the Self. Cease to regard the Self as a known or unknown object.  If the Supreme Self is regarded as an object of knowledge, such is a superimposition of Imagination or Ignorance.  True Knowledge prevails when such Ignorance, or superimposition, is negated. This is like the case with the rope & the illusion of the snake.

When the conceptions of “me” & “mine” are attributed to the Self, such are manifestations of Ignorance.  They are superimpositions upon the Self, which is only One, with neither Individuality nor any experience or thing possessed by and Individual. The “individual self” is thought to be the Seer, Hearer, Thinker, Knower, & such. In Reality, it is Brahman, the imperishable, indivisible, Non-Dual Self.  The “individual self” or “I” is not different from the Real Self, which is Brahman.

Meditation on the Self is declared to be without Time, Space, direction, or Causation, since the Self is without these things. The Self itself is to be realized as timeless, & the Realization itself, being of the same nature, is bodiless & without regard to place. The Self itself is, without Causation, being Uncreated & Unborn. And the Realization, being of the same nature, need not wait for circumstance & is not an attempt to produce the Self anew. The Realization is a realizing of what the Self truly is.  Le the Mind thus turn within, immersing itself in Self-Inquiry, absorbing itself in Knowledge, thereby losing its own form as it searches inwardly for its source. In this lies great Bliss & Immortality.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 29

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 29:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 21, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

The 3 GUT [Grand Unified Theory: Strong & Weak Nuclear – Electro–Magnetic] forces are indistinguishable until a Trillionth second old Universe at a now chilly Quadrillion degrees back when Magnetic Monopoles of a Quadrillion Proton masses were knotted lines in Space.

Fine-Tuned Universe 21:

 Cosmological Constant:

Lambda, capital L, lowercase  l  is a symbol appearing in Einstein’s modified Field Equation used in his formulation of General Relativity:

Rmn     ½ R gmn  +  L gmn    =   8p G/c4  Tmn

He rescinded this “fudge factor” as his self-styled “greatest mistake”; but later it was widely embraced as a Cosmological Constant, especially when described in terms of  Omega, capital WL, a ratio of the Energy Density “due to the Cosmological Constant” to the Critical Mass Density of the Universe and the corresponding influence of Gravity. Martin Rees in his Just Six Numbers, similarly called this  l   =   WL  while he reserved “plain” Omega, capital W or lowercase  w  as a measure of the “amount of Matter in the Universe” determining the relative importance of Gravity and the Universe’s Expansion Energy. Specifically the Rees  W,  w   =   the Universe’s actual Mass Density to the Critical Mass Density which matches the Cosmological Constant Energy Density. So in Rees terms the High, Medium, and Low curves depicted above describe Open curved-out Expansion, critical Flat Expansion, and curved-in Collapse and these are linked to WL  >  1,  @  0.3,  <  1.  Slight differences and similarities confuse these related used of Lambda  & Omega but Universe Expansion is the concern I each case.

Fine-Tuning Itself:

 Some of the small tolerances “allowed” (for Intelligent Life) have already been mentioned for  a , as , aG  and so on. For Rees’ ratio =  10–36

(for 2 Protons), stated as 10–40 (Electron-Proton) by others, the “tolerance” is  some 1 part in Millions.

The vacuum energy  is beyond our scope, but a brief baby-step from elementary Quantum Theory may help for starters. Quantum Energy states ranging from high to low exhibit the gnarly character that any lowest state is quite precisely determined (in terms of frequency if talking about momentum, in terms of time if talking about energy, simply because the bottom is at the extreme low end, without so much wiggle room there. This precise level must therefore store highly uncertain Energy occupation across all quantum states, even in empty Space. The resulting fuzzy residuum of undetermined Energy, quite thinly disperse in Space and thus not to be harnessed, does however add up to a huge amount incrementally across the myriad portions of Space. This empty Space or Vacuum Energy, first described by Dirac as Zero-Point Energy dwarfs the rest on the Universe Rest-Mass = mc2 because the Universe is not empty.

Similarly critical are the Omega Expansion ratios (defined variously). In fact the Electron charge must match the opposing Proton charge to at least 1 part in a Sextillion. Many of the Fine-Tuned tolerances are of a similar sort, very long odds if Random. Some of the Fine-Tuning resembles not so much constraint to some narrow window as much as extreme removal to an extreme end, very high or low. Theoretical determination of the Cosmological Constant has been famously off the mark by a factor of 10120. The huge 10100 too large theoretical repulsive negative-pressure of the Vacuum Energy*[1] must be offset by counter-balancing attractive contributions to the Cosmological Constant, whether included with the speculative Quintessence field or otherwise.

In any case these are Large Numbers coming in again. Similarly, the distant-Future collapse of Matter in the Universe (not the Lambda-Omega collapse of Space-Time itself) in giant Black Holes segues to irradiative evaporation of those Black Holes over the course of 10100 years.

 Rees’ Q number determines ripples in the smoothness of the Universe, which at 105  compares to the ripple of a tsunami as high as a football field is long, coursing around the Earth’s oceans, but seen from Space as infinitesimal on the scale of the planet, the un-smoothness ripple being only a  1/1000% of the Earth’s size, by analogy, or smoother than a cue-ball. But if Q were down to a 10th of its value, Galaxies would never coalesce. If Q were larger, the Universe would be so “cluttered” Galaxies as to prevent us from estimating any value of Q at all.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome disciple:

The unknown Knower of all that is known, the Supreme Knowledge itself, Consciousness remains undivided by the triad of Knower, Knowing, & Known. Consciousness can never be a known or unknown object. Consciousness is the Witness of all, the only Knower. Consciousness, the Knower, is never defined by the Known. Consciousness, the Witness of every state, of all thought, is not defined by thought, nor contained in any state. The Witness is never known. Consciousness is ever non-objective. Consciousness is formless with nothing objective within or without. Unknown, Consciousness alone is known. Not a process of knowing, Consciousness alone is knowing. Not a knower, Consciousness alone is the Knower, the unknown Knower of all that is known.

The removal of superimposition is accomplished by Self-Inquiry. This is the intention of the negation of the Upanishads, “neti, neti”, “not this”. Such indicates the negation of one’s attributes, identity, or definition, of what is not truly the Self, not the essential Existence, or pure Consciousness. The removal of superimposition is the revelation of the Truth.  The Truth, or the Reality, is not newly created, nor did the superimposition diminish it in any way, just as the snake did not chase the rope away. But to see the rope, the Imagination of the snake must cease. Similarly, to know the Truth of the Self, Ignorance must cease.

True Knowledge is not experienced unless the prior ignorant conception is negated, just as the snake notion is destroyed to see the rope.  The Self, of the nature of pure Consciousness, is self-existent & can never be negated. Egoism has its origin in Delusion & has for its object that which is only imagined. Its definitions are only thoughts. The discernment of “Not this, not this” negates the very existence of Egoism along with its origin, its effects, & its imagined object.

All qualities, gross (physical) or subtle (mental), ought to be negated from the Self, from one’s Identity. If one is to know the Self as it is, whatever be the qualities attributed to the Self, be they physical or mental, they are to be regarded as mere ornaments. These should not be regarded as the Identity of the one who “wears” those “ornaments” (qualities).

If one rejects all that is objective from one’s Identity, one comes to the conclusion that the Self is the Knower, free from all that is perceived & conceived. In the same manner as one relinquishes misidentification with the Body, & all that is objective, so should one sever the mis-identification with the supposed subject, which is the Ego.

The Self’s existence is independent of all & is different from all that is objective. The objectified “I” is the Ego. The superimposed objective portion of the “I” consciousness should be abandoned, for it is not actually the Self.  Negation of what is objective means also negation of the Ego.  What remains is that which is implied in the aphorism: Aham Brahmasmi “I am Brahman”. Only Brahman can be itself, 1 without a 2nd.  That is the only true “I”.

Brahman is unborn, immortal, imperishable, ageless, & all-comprehensive.  The same Absolute Brahman appears, according to one’s understanding, as God, who is said to be the Lord who dispassionately dispenses the results of karma, or as the Witness, which is Consciousness in relation to all else, or the attributeless, eternal “I”, of the nature of the indivisible, non-dual, Being-Consciousness & which alone is 1 without a 2nd.

The Self has neither rise  nor set, is neither in darkness nor illumined, but is always the spiritual Light, with nothing material or mental in its nature at all. The distinction between the Self & oneself is due only to superimposition, which is like imagining different openings in a castle wall, for instance, to be different spaces, rather than perceiving the castle space itself. The Self is non-dual, 1 without a 2nd.  It is neither distinct nor in relation to anything else.  For non-dual Existence means there is no other. There is, thus, no difference or non-difference, no oneness or manyness, & no separate knower or doer or experiencer.  The Self has nothing to accept or reject. And there is nothing, or no one else to accept or reject the Self. There is no one else to think the Self is, or that the Self is not. Such is the Truth regarding the Self.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

 

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 27

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 27:

Prior to excerpting the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome in the text below we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 19, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

Fine-Tuned Universe 19:

Simplest Fundamental Constant:

Taking for discussion the classic Big Bang model (though other models support the same discussion in other ways), we see Space–Time of any number of Dimensions potentially arising out of the originally pea-sized initial Universe, with possibly 11 non-temporal String Dimensions overall. We discuss elsewhere the “curled-up” unmanifest quality of all non-temporal Dimensions beyond the ordinary 3-D Spatial Dimensions, and more comments immediately follow. Focus on 3-D in the most ordinary sense, this  D  =  3  is itself considered a fundamental, even Anthropic constants. Any 2-D World could not support the complexity of Life, and any 4-D or higher dimensional Space would host a Universe too unstable to support Life.

Let us assume that the 3 Dimensions of Space are visualized in the customary fashion [but all tinted blue], and let us substitute another color [e.g. red] for the 4th Dimension. [The Matrix cued VR scenes with dark green overtones, contrary to the bluer hue of “physical reality.”] Every physical Object is liable to change in color as well as position. An Object might, for example, be capable of going through all [mixed] shades from blue through violet  to red. A physical interaction between any 2 bodies is possible only if they are close to each other in Space as well as in color [redness marking distance in a 4th Dimension]. Bodies of different colors would inter-penetrate each other without interference … If we lock a number of flies into a red glass glove, they may yet escape [if they are blue] … able to penetrate the red globe.

Hans Reichenbach of the Berlin Circle (comparable to the Vienna Circle) Higher Dimensions:

As much as  D = 3 is an Anthropic parameter, the number of Space Dimension along with a single Time dimension, String Theory speaks of 8 other Spatial Dimensions compacted [as discussed elsewhere in this book] and unmanifest. Reichenbach’s hypothetical 4th Dimension alluded to above has a Spatial quality, but the Analogy could be applied just as well to the Time dimension. If a globe does not exist or stay closed in a Past or Future Time, then a fly who could Time-travel, or one we are considering to exist at another Time, can “escape” the globe which no longer constrains at that other Time [is not red or whatever].

Considered Spatially, Reichenbach’s 4th Dimension could be a now-manifest String Dimension much like a 3rd Dimension would be to 2-D flies constrained to a 2-D table-top. A fly who could soar into a 3rd Dimension “above” the 2-D table-top could “escape.” The crude Christianized post-edit graphics inserted into the Patrick Swayze movie Ghost showed “minions of Hell” arriving and taking away a sinner into “another dimension.” They simply “got smaller” and somehow “more distant” like the image of train retreating down the track. As they shrunk into nothingness, so would a fly “escaping” into a 4th Spatial String Dimension.

Some more selected verses from the Ramana Maharshi disciple, Master Nome:

In Self-Realization, all notions about the Absolute & the Self are relinquished. Notions about the Absolute are such as that it is separate from oneself, or objective, & that it is always-present. Notions about the Self are such as that it is endowed with Form, minuteness, that it is changeful, material, embodied, defined by thought, in Time, or endowed with Individuality. For Knowledge, the superimposition of the jiva–hood (concept of individuality) is removed from Atman (the Self) & Isvara–hood (idea of the Lord God) is removed from Brahman (the Absolute). Upon removal of such superimposition, or Ignorance, one realizes the Identity, as declared in the Upanishad, Tat tvam asi (Thou art That). If the Self remains undefined, it is only Brahman, & That alone. Therefore, one should know the Self.

The Knowledge of Reality, which is the Realization of the Self & the Realization of the Absolute, is attained by the direct path of true Knowledge. By liberating oneself from the mis-identification with what is not the Self, one knows the Self. When the Real Nature of what has been considered as the non-Self is seen, it invariably proves to be non-existent, for such non-Self was dependent upon mis-identification in order to even ever appear.

Blissful & Eternal is the Real Self. One should regard only that which has no beginning or end, is ever existent, is unchanging, is transcendent of all that has Form, of all that changes, & all that is in Time. The Self is also continuous & undivided as Real & one’s own true Being. By this Knowledge, one abides in the Natural State, which is the only True State of the Self. The Self may be said to call unto itself, as the Sought & as the Seeker; as the Guru & as the disciple; as God & as the devotee. The Self seeks itself in meditation. The Self reveals itself as inner experience. The Self knows & abides in itself for blissful Eternity.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 25

NMT (No-Me Teaching) new series 25:

Prior to some commentary on Ramana Maharshi’s teaching in the text below, we continue the series: Fine-Tuned Universe 17, the premise that a small change in several of the dimensionless fundamental physical constants would make the Universe incapable of Life.

To Jupiter, and beyond the Infinite.               “2001” movie

To Infinity, and Beyond !        Buzz Lightyear, Pixar character & toy “of the decade”

Fine-Tuned Universe 17:

[In the unreal reflection called the “Universe”, a product of an unreal Mind, even there, Infinite Intelligence is evident and inspiring.]

Intelligent Design regarding the nature of Life and ourselves in the Natural World had long been dismissed by Wallace-Darwin Evolution. The Deist counter-statement that Evolution itself seemed Fine-Tuned and could be the tool of a Designer pretty much falls on deaf ears. Such a speculation is not Fundamentalist enough for the religious, and is felt to beg the question for Atheist Realists (as always fixed on the “reality” of Matter, rather than an open-minded quest for ultimate Reality). But for more deeply thinking philosophers, the unaccounted for Laws of Nature were not in themselves an alternate Physicalist rationale. The above mentioned and many other Constants of Nature, the Universe’s initial boundary conditions, an numerous other Statistical accidents remained fortuitous or unexplained. The previously mentioned congruence of Nature with Mathematics furthermore continues to hint at linkage between the Universe and our own mental processes. QND of course explicitly declares the World to be a structure in Mind, discovered by concerted investigation, and dissolved by further Self-Inquiry. UQND asks whether it ever happened, where is the World in Deep Dreamless Sleep, what Universe is there for us after death?

Eventually more (though still a small minority) of Physicists went on the record, demanding a closer look at Anthropic coincidences.

The more I examine the Universe and study the details of its architecture, the more evidence I find that the Universe in some sense must have known that we were coming.                           Freeman Dyson

Brandon Carter the first to use the term Anthropic Principle is framing his own, which in particular was a WAP weak anthropic principle (this Universe was necessary for us to be here, but we were not necessary, nor did we necessitate as in a SAP strong anthropic principle):

What we can expect to observe must be restricted by the condition necessary for our presence as observers.

Brandon Carter’s WAP

Carter amended what he soon felt was a regrettable term Anthropic preferring instead Self-Selection Principle later discussed her by Nick Bostrom as the SSA self-selection assumption. Further scrutiny of the coincidentally Fine-Tuned constants of Nature led Carter to cautiously put a SAP strong anthropic principle on the table without fully signing on to it:

The Universe (and hence the fundamental parameters on which it depends) must be such as to admit the creation of Observers within it at some stage.                                                       Brandon Carter’s SAP

It is of course always Philosophically possible –  as a last resort, … by thinking in terms of a “World Ensemble”. By this I mean and ensemble of Universes characterized by all conceivable combinations of initial conditions and fundamental constants  … The existence of any organism describable as an Observer will only be possible for certain restricted combinations of the Parameters.                      Brandon Carter

In other words, if the Constants were somehow “in the plan” and they seem so precisely fitted to us, then perhaps we were in the plan, maybe even as the “reason” the Constants were as they are. For Physicists, the “way out” was to restate the Ensemble hypothesis, multi-verse, etc. such that no SAP need be entertained. WAP’s combined with a virtually infinite number of universes probabilistically guaranteed our unlikely fortuitous universe due only to random Chance.

This idea provokes a serious consideration of the idea that there exist other “universes” which possess different properties and different constants of Nature so that we might conclude that we find ourselves inhabiting one of the possible universes in which the Constant and Cosmic Conditions have fallen (like dice by chance) out in a patter the permits Life to exist and persist –  for we could not find it otherwise.                                      John Barrows’ summary of revival of the “Ensemble”

We will not be able to explain these coincidences by the fact that we live when the Universe is several Billion years old, in conditions of relatively low Density and Temperature (Dicke’s answer to Dirac and explanation for the striking Large Numbers).  Barrows indicating Coincidences beyond Large No.s

Another SAP considered by most Physicists to be “outlying” is the FAP final anthropic principle proposed by Barrows  &  Frank Tipler, a teleological, Teilhard de Chardin–esque vision of Life possessing and externalizing the Universe (perhaps an attempt to physicalize mystical Christianity). Throughout the rear-window retrospectives our logic is often enough caught in a syndrome too evident in so many movies, for It’s a Wonderful Life through Back to the Future and beyond.

More political alternate-histories themes are seen again in films like Red Dawn and novels like Sinclair Lewis’ It Can’t Happen Here and Robt. Harris’ Fatherland which was also depicted as a TV movie.

Gathering of heavy water (Deuterium oxide) for nuclear technology, quicker V2 rocket development , decoding D-Day, various turning of the tide could have seen Hitler victorious. Then what? Many such questions can always be asked.

James Burke in his documentary-collage series attributes modern civilization to Plague which concentrated the wealth for later investment and left mountain of unwanted used underwear use for fiber in the fine paper that inspired Gutenberg’s printing press and therefrom the Computer Age.

Industrialism is due to modern science, modern science os due to Galileo, Galileo is due to the fall of Constantinople, the fall of Constantinople is due to migration of the Turks, the migration of the Turks is due to desiccation of Central Asia. Therefore the fundamental study in searching for historical causes is hydrography. Bertrand Russell

After all, somebody’s bound to win the Lottery; after all, at any given moment, something has to happen. Why not me; why not this? The possible though accidental significance of each false  &  true step in the sequence of things can be construes as delicately and critically essential to every arbitrary outcome. But could not somewhat different outcomes do the trick? Cannot other routes some to much the same place?*[1] With a little discrimination and a little distain for mere numerology, we can still find truly remarkable coincidence in the Constants, Law, Structure, and Sequences of Nature.

Some  commentary on Ramana Maharshi’s teaching:

Bilva:

There is a pious Indian tale, associated with the practice of Devotion & Self–Surrender.  But therein is an attitude that can be helpful to all, regardless of their manner of spiritual practice.  Two yogis sit beneath a tree, perhaps a sacred Bilva tree.  By some Grace, they are both blessed with a vivid vision of the Lord, be it Vishnu, Shiva, what ever form was most dear to them.  The Lord happened to know that they were both thinking, & even discussing, the question: “How long until Liberation ?”

To respond to this query, the Lord points to the Bilva tree & says: “The number of leaves on that tree happens to be the number of lifetimes remaining to each of you, lifetimes to practice, & eventually become Liberated.

One Yogi, inpatient & more entangled in Ego, as opposed to complete Surrender to God, responds: “Oh no, that many more lifetime still !  I’ve been practicing so hard, & still there is that far to go ?”

The 2nd Yogi, in whom was a more pure state of Mind, responds quite differently: “Just that many lifetimes ! (perhaps 1000, perhaps 10,000)  I can see the number now !  Oh praise be to God !  Liberation is certain, & I can see it coming.

At that point the Lord turns to the 2nd Yogi & says: “By that Surrender you are now immediately Liberated.”

The take away for any of us is to realize that Liberation is certain, to take heart, to not measure or demand, & to practice as hard as we can. What else is there to do ?  Leave it to God, to Brahman, to settle our destiny.  Ours is only to practice & not to take anxious thought for our individual success.  The selfless gratitude of the 2nd Yogi is clearly the one to maintain.

It may be, that with the Guru’s Grace, Liberation can & will be attained in this lifetime.  But no further measuring or anxious thought is really of use.  If anxious, it should only be being anxious to increase the Intensity of our practice, for that is all that the seeming Individual can do for himself or herself.

Consciousness:

We are to question & doubt our existence as a separate individual & the reality of the in order to appreciate Non-Duality. The one fact whose reality we cannot doubt is our own Existence. We know “I exist” by & in Consciousness. That Consciousness is one undeniable truth & so is identical to the Knowledge: “I exist”. Our Consciousness is as undeniably real as our own Existence. This Consciousness always knows its own Existence.  That is the subjective Knowledge: “I exist”.  Seeming objective knowledge of other things, as thought, is Mind.

Mind is a dualistic superimposition on Consciousness, upon the Knowledge: “I exist”. The Mind rises identifies itself with a Body, thinking “I am the Body”. The 5 Senses of that Body proceed to perceive a World. The Mind’s identification with a Body is equivalent to seeing a World. Whatever might be the nature of a Body, the immediate difficulty is actually with the thought “I am a Body”, “I am the Body”.  “I”, of a non-physical nature, specifically of Consciousness, cannot be a Body.  In fact, it can furthermore be shown that one is not in a Body, in fact does not even have a Body. Taking it one step further would be to note that there is no such thing as a Body.

By identification with a Body, the Mind appears as is a limited subtle form in Consciousness.  Ramana Maharshi called Mind a phantom, the Ego which is neither the Consciousness “I exist”, nor a physical form thought of as a Body, with the feeling “I am the Body”.

The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through:  

www.jpstiga.com/

http://jstiga.wixsite.com/nonduality/

or with Caps-sensitive:

http://sdrv.ms.YPOgkX/

Duplicates (but with graphics) have been available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:

http://being-as-consciousness.blogspot.com/

[But from now on, they will be different & still usually daily.]

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