Tag Archives: Realization

Flexing BICEP

Flexing BICEP

In the prior Hogwash Blog we accused Victor Stenger of arguing for the Scientific Realist inventing 10500 unreachable universes, bolstered by Stenger, Max Tegmark, & others with tenuous arguments about CMB Anisotropy. Having there criticized this as “special pleading in Atheist argument against Theists”, we pause to look at that “tenuous” argument criticism, specifically on the part of Stenger.

Victor, recently deceased as it happens [& thus with a new perspective on his atheistic Scientific Realism], put forth 2-sided “evidence” supporting the Multi-verse based on Cosmic Microwave Background [CMB] Anisotropy [not isotropic which means “equivalent in each direction” though not necessarily uniform or homogeneous, so that raisin pudding, well stirred can be isotropic even if not homogeneous like custard]. Stenger’s wildly speculative explanation was that the small CMB anisotropy reflected a “bumping together of 2 Bubble Universes” within a Multi-verse.

At best this speaks not at all to the 10500 number of unreachable universes, but only one. Yet such is still an unreachable universe so the wild “bump” speculation cannot be researched. Science used to be solely the opponent of wild speculation & still ism selectively, including when spiritual insights are involved. But under the current tyranny of Scientific Realism, self-serving untestable wild speculation is embraced so long as “robust mathematics” can be devised to support that speculation. But “anything” can cause slight Anisotropy, so as is often the case, the conclusion is greatly “under-determined”. Even Stenger brushed past that conjecture quickly. After doting on it just long enough to lend a sense of “multiple arguments” when he really hand only one technical “leg” to stand, but still a wobbly support in itself. Even speaking of a “leg” might be the wrong extremity when we notice that Stenger primarily flexes his BICEP in this thesis.

BICEP is an acronym for a 1, 2, 3 stage of development high-orbit telescope-sensing lab [not visual] project, chilled close to Absolute Zero for sensitivity. Scientific Realist interpretations of CMB Anisotropy served a premature pronouncement of a first Gravity Wave detection in some BICEP2 data. Corresponding to Photons, which theoretically are virtual Electro-Magnetic Force carriers & real Perceptions as Light-waves, so too Gravitons are virtual Gravity Force carriers, theoretically. No ultra-weak real Perceptions, Gravity-waves had yet been detected. Besides being weak, these would be faster-than-light in a Universe undergoing Inflation.

The data-fit is controversial so that later studies indicated that certain interstellar dust, rather than hitherto never-seen Gravity Waves would better fit the data. Subsequent studies, however, with “97.2% confidence ruled out dust & other contaminants as the source of B-modes” in the BICEP2 data. They did not derive from Gravity Waves either, but from “Gravitational Lensing” of the CMB by “intervening structures.”

Even if spot-on, the claimed Gravity Wave detection would only partially support Inflationary Theory, which only very slightly supports a Multi-verse. Even at that, the 10500 unreachable universes are not thus indicated, so that Random Chance Anthropic Principles are not in the least made more plausible.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through  www.jpstiga.com ]



Hogwash !


Andre Linde & others who postulated the nucleation of “Bubble” universes (like our own) into a Multi-verse, based on Inflationary Theory, estimated some 10500 such universes to make plausible our extremely Fine Tuned Universe by Random Chance.

Atheism apologist Victor Stenger, in “The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning” & other books claims that such was as if an unintended “mandate” from the results of research & not a concocted refutation of the more spiritual Anthropic Principle. Hogwash !

While many points of his entire thesis could be logically knocked down, just as one small example, consider his complaint about the use, by Anthropic Principles, of “less fundamental” constants such as Planck’s constant: h = 6.626 069 57 (29) x 1034 J s, the vacuum Speed of Light: c  = 299, 792, 458 m/s, & the Gravitational constant:  G = 6.673 84(80) x 1011 N m2/kg2.

For the sake of elegance & simplicity for “insiders”, Physicists are wont to define “natural” dimensionless units by setting 4 π G = 1 = c = h, which is to say put other constants “in terms of” G, c, h. This serves “insiders” while obscuring details for those more amateur. In any case, such is just a device of convenience & does not “sanctify” that dimensionless format. Some focus on G, c, h in Metric Units for Anthropic Principle arguments because they are more concrete for the unprofessional reader than say, the Fine Structure Constant. Stenger, however, disqualifies them as “arbitrary” because, unlike dimensionless units, their numerical value depend on the particular units chosen. Well of course ! But given those particular units chosen, the still indicate ratios & other relationships between physical realties in the Universe. Definitions like 4 π G = 1 = c = h are also arbitrary, other choices could have bee made. To knock down the Metric Units is foolish or disingenuous, take your pick Victor. Inventing 10500 unreachable universes, bolstered by tenuous arguments about CMB anisotropy, just as special pleading in your Atheist argument against Theists, my God Victor !

To so justify Anthropic Chance begins to compare to all the particles in the Universe, requiring 1 with 80 zeroes, 1080 as compared to Universe size to Electron size ratio with 40 zeroes, 1040. Add 6 zeroes to 86 & we have the particles in a million Universes 1086. We can’t imagine 100 zeroes, a Googol, 10100. How about 200 zeroes, 10200 ? What about 500 zeroes, 10500 not of particles now, but of same-size Universes ? That’s the number in the Multi-verse, with just 1, ours, working out.

We side with neither Atheist nor the Creator God of the Theist, but award way more points to the Theist. One Absolute Divine Consciousness has no Universe(s), though one or more may appear in the Waking State, but 10500 ???

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through  www.jpstiga.com ]