Tag Archives: Vedant

Mind & Happiness 34

Mind & Happiness 34

The word vēdānta literally means the “conclusion” or “end” (anta) of “knowledge” (vēda), & denotes the philosophical conclusions of the Vēdas.  These philosophical conclusions are contained in Vedic texts known as the Upaniads, & were later expressed more clearly & in greater detail in 2 other ancient texts known as the Brahma Sūtra & the Bhagavad Gītā.

These 3 bodies of literature, which are known as the “triple source” (prasthāna-traya) of vēdānta, have been interpreted in very different ways, giving rise to 3 distinct systems of vēdāntic philosophy, the pure monistic system known as advaita, the dualistic system known as dvaita,

& the qualified monistic system known as viśiṣṭādvaita.  Of these 3 systems of philosophy, advaita is not only the most radical but also the least convoluted interpretation of the ancient prasthāna-traya of vēdānta, & hence it is widely recognized as being vēdānta in its purest & truest form.

However, advaita is more than just a scholarly interpretation of some ancient texts.  Like the literature of any other system of religious or spiritual philosophy, the literature of advaita includes a huge amount of elaborate & abstruse material written by & for scholars, but such material is not the essence or basis of the advaita philosophy. The Life & Heart of advaita

vēdānta lies in a number of crucial texts that contain the sayings & writings of Sages like Sri Ramana who had attained true Self-Knowledge, & whose words therefore reflect their own direct experience of the Reality.

Thus advaita vēdānta is a system of spiritual philosophy that is based not upon mere reasoning or intellectual speculation, but upon the experience of Sages who have attained direct Knowledge of the Non-Dual Reality that underlies the appearance of all multiplicity.

The word advaita literally means “no-2ness” or “Non-Duality”, & denotes the Truth experienced by Sages the Truth that the Reality is only One, a single undivided whole that is completely devoid of any Duality or Multiplicity. According to Sages who have attained true Self-Knowledge, all Multiplicity is a mere appearance, a distorted view of the one Reality, like the

illusory appearance of a Snake seen in a dim light.  Just as the Reality underlying the illusory  appearance of the Snake is just a Rope lying on the ground, so the Reality underlying the illusory appearance of Multiplicity is only the Non-Dual Consciousness of Existence that we each experience as “I exist”.

Sri Ramana”s Teachings are therefore identified with advaita vēdānta for 3 main reasons:

1stly because he experienced & taught the same Non-Dual Reality that was experienced by the Sages whose sayings & writings formed the foundation of the advaita vēdānta philosophy;

2ndly because he was often asked to explain & elucidate various texts from the classical literature of advaita vēdānta; &

3rdly because in his Teachings he made free but nevertheless selective use of the terminology, concepts & analogies used in that classical advaita vēdānta literature.

The reason he thus used the terminology & concepts of advaita vēdānta more than those of any other spiritual tradition, such as Buddhism [Huang Po, etc.], Taoism [Lao Tse], Jewish [Melchesedek ?], or Christian [Eckhart]  mysticism, or Sufism [Ib’n Arabi’s inerviewee], is that most of the people who sought his spiritual guidance were more familiar with advaita vēdānta than with those other spiritual traditions, & hence it was easier for them to understand such terminology & concepts.

However, whenever anyone asked him to elucidate any text or passage from the literature of those other spiritual traditions, he did so with the same ease, clarity & authority that he elucidated the texts of advaita vēdānta.

The above themes & 2500 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through  www.jpstiga.com 

short-cut: http://sdrv.ms/YPOgkX or http://tinyurl.com/nnyyr58  link directly to free E-book PDF files



Different blogs (but with graphics) are available on:

http://www.blogger.com     as  “Being-as-Consciousness, Non-Duality – new & final version” with link:


There is no Creation, no Destruction, no Bondage, no longing to be freed from Bondage, no striving for Liberation, nor anyone who has attained Liberation. Know that this to be Ultimate Truth.

  the “no creation” school of Gaudapada, Shankara, Ramana, Nome  Ajata Vada

 for very succinct summary of the teaching & practice, see:  www.ajatavada.com/

Flexing BICEP

Flexing BICEP

In the prior Hogwash Blog we accused Victor Stenger of arguing for the Scientific Realist inventing 10500 unreachable universes, bolstered by Stenger, Max Tegmark, & others with tenuous arguments about CMB Anisotropy. Having there criticized this as “special pleading in Atheist argument against Theists”, we pause to look at that “tenuous” argument criticism, specifically on the part of Stenger.

Victor, recently deceased as it happens [& thus with a new perspective on his atheistic Scientific Realism], put forth 2-sided “evidence” supporting the Multi-verse based on Cosmic Microwave Background [CMB] Anisotropy [not isotropic which means “equivalent in each direction” though not necessarily uniform or homogeneous, so that raisin pudding, well stirred can be isotropic even if not homogeneous like custard]. Stenger’s wildly speculative explanation was that the small CMB anisotropy reflected a “bumping together of 2 Bubble Universes” within a Multi-verse.

At best this speaks not at all to the 10500 number of unreachable universes, but only one. Yet such is still an unreachable universe so the wild “bump” speculation cannot be researched. Science used to be solely the opponent of wild speculation & still ism selectively, including when spiritual insights are involved. But under the current tyranny of Scientific Realism, self-serving untestable wild speculation is embraced so long as “robust mathematics” can be devised to support that speculation. But “anything” can cause slight Anisotropy, so as is often the case, the conclusion is greatly “under-determined”. Even Stenger brushed past that conjecture quickly. After doting on it just long enough to lend a sense of “multiple arguments” when he really hand only one technical “leg” to stand, but still a wobbly support in itself. Even speaking of a “leg” might be the wrong extremity when we notice that Stenger primarily flexes his BICEP in this thesis.

BICEP is an acronym for a 1, 2, 3 stage of development high-orbit telescope-sensing lab [not visual] project, chilled close to Absolute Zero for sensitivity. Scientific Realist interpretations of CMB Anisotropy served a premature pronouncement of a first Gravity Wave detection in some BICEP2 data. Corresponding to Photons, which theoretically are virtual Electro-Magnetic Force carriers & real Perceptions as Light-waves, so too Gravitons are virtual Gravity Force carriers, theoretically. No ultra-weak real Perceptions, Gravity-waves had yet been detected. Besides being weak, these would be faster-than-light in a Universe undergoing Inflation.

The data-fit is controversial so that later studies indicated that certain interstellar dust, rather than hitherto never-seen Gravity Waves would better fit the data. Subsequent studies, however, with “97.2% confidence ruled out dust & other contaminants as the source of B-modes” in the BICEP2 data. They did not derive from Gravity Waves either, but from “Gravitational Lensing” of the CMB by “intervening structures.”

Even if spot-on, the claimed Gravity Wave detection would only partially support Inflationary Theory, which only very slightly supports a Multi-verse. Even at that, the 10500 unreachable universes are not thus indicated, so that Random Chance Anthropic Principles are not in the least made more plausible.

[The above themes & 1600 pages more are freely available as perused or downloaded PDF’s, the sole occupants of a Public Microsoft Skydrive “Public Folder” accessible through  www.jpstiga.com ]